A&PII Lab Midterm: Blood

  1. Blood is the only ___ tissue n the blood and is classified as a _____ tissue.
    • Fluid 
    • Connective
  2. Average adult blood volume
    Male: ______L
    Female: ____L
    • 5-6
    • 4-5
  3. Blood color ranges from _____ (oxygen-rich) to a _____(oxygen poor).
    • Scarlet(bright red)
    • Dark red
  4. Whole blood is composed of _____ and _____.
    • Plasma 
    • Formed Elements
  5. Whole blood is composed of ___% of plasma and ___% formed elements.
    • 55
    • 45
  6. In blood, plasma is a liquid. 
    ___% water 
    ___% proteins
    The rest are _____, non-protein nitrogenous compounds, nutrients, gasses, hormones.
    • 90
    • 8
    • electrolytes
  7. In blood, plasma is a liquid. 90%water, 8%proteins, and the rest. 

    ____ is a compound most common in the proteins.
  8. Scientific name for red blood cells
  9. Erythrocytes are ____ discs, with no ____ or organelles when mature, and function in ___ transport with ____ that carries oxygen in the blood.
    • Biconcave 
    • Nucleus 
    • Gas
    • Hemoglobin
  10. What are the most abundant blood cells in the formed element?
  11. What are the most numerous blood cells?
  12. What blood cells also transports about 20% of carbon dioxide released by tissue cells back to the lungs?
  13. Scientific name for white blood cells.
  14. What cells help protect the body from damage by bacteria, viruses, parasitises, toxins, and tumor cells?
  15. Leukocytes flow through the blood stream and move in and out of blood vessels via ____ to areas with inflammation or tissue damage.
  16. Leukocytes move by ____ motion.
  17. Leukocytes can be classified as what two major groups?
    Granulocytes and agranulocytes
  18. Name the white blood cells; granulocytes?
    • Neutrophil
    • Eosinophil 
    • Basophil
  19. Name the white blood cells; agranulocytes.
    • Lymphocyte
    • Monocytes
  20. Describe a neutrophil.
    Describe an eosinophil.
    Describe a basophil.
    • Multilobed nucleus, pale red and blue cytoplasmic granules 
    • Bilobed nucleus, red cytoplasmic granules 
    • Bilobed nucleus, purplish-black cytoplasmic granules
  21. Describe a lymphocyte.
    Describe a monocyte.
    • Large spherical nucleus, thin rim of pale blue cytoplasm
    • Kidney-shaped nucleus, abundant pale blue cytoplasm.
  22. What white blood cell is the 25% or more of the WBC population and is second most numerous leukocytes?
  23. What white blood cell's nucleus occupies most of the cell volume?
  24. What are the two types of lymphocytes?
    • B-lymphocyte 
    • T-lymphocyte
  25. What type of lymphocytes give rise to plasma cells which in turn produce antibodies?
  26. What type of lymphocytes directly attack virus-infected cells and tumor cells?
  27. What white blood cell are closely associated with lymphoid tissue and play a crucial role in immunity?
  28. Which white blood cell is considered the largest leukocyte?
  29. What white blood cell make up 3-8% of all leukocytes and have a U-shaped nucleus?
  30. What are white blood cell are active phagocytes against viruses and chronic infections?
  31. What white blood cell is the most numerous WBC(40-70%)?
  32. What white blood cell has 3-6 lobed nucleus?
  33. What white blood cells fight bacteria and are chemically attracted to the site of inflammation and are active phagocytes?
  34. What white blood cell are about 2-4% of WBC population and attach parasitic worm that are too large to be phagocytized?
  35. What white blood cell has a nucleus shaped like a figure 8 or is bilobed and plays a complex role in allergies and asthma?
  36. What white blood cells plays a complex role in allergies and asthma?
  37. What white blood cell are the rarest with an account for less than 1% of all leukocytes?
  38. What white blood cell's granules contain such as histamine which acts as vasodilator and attracts other WBCs to the inflamed site?
  39. What white blood cell does not participate directly in the immune system, they only call for help?
  40. What blood element are cell fragments of megakaryocytes, so not cells?
  41. Platelets are cell fragments of _____.
  42. Platelets function in ____.
    -Occurs in the plasma when blood vessels are ruptured.
    -Platelets stick to the damaged site and form a temporary plug.
  43. Blood typing is a system of blood classification based on the presence of specific ____ on the outer surface on the ____ plasma membrane.
    • Glycoproteins
    • Erythrocyte
  44. What are antigens?
    Anything that the body percieves as foreign and generates an immune response
  45. The glycoproteins on the surface of the erythrocytes are ____. They promote ______, so they are called _____. These determine one's blood type.
    • Antigens
    • Agglutination 
    • Agglutinogens
  46. _____ act against RBCs carrying antigens that are not present on a person's own RBC and cause them to clump together.
  47. The ABO blood groups are ased on the presence or absence of 2 agglutinogens: _____ and ____.
    • Type A 
    • Type B
  48. The RH factor is based on the presence of antigen __ on the membrane of the erythrocyte. Classified as either RH pos. or neg.
  49. What condition during birth attacks the placenta's RBCs?
    Erythroblastosis fetalis
  50. What is a condition in which the blood's oxygen-carrying capacity is too low to support normal metabolism. May result from a decrease in RBCs or decreased hemoglobin content in the RBCs?
  51. What is abnormal excess of RBCs that increase blood viscosity?
  52. What is abnormally low WBC count/ <4000 per mm?
  53. What is increased WBCs, over 11,000 per mm, is a normal homeostatic response to an infection in the body?
  54. What is the overproduction of abnormal WBCs, accompanied by a reduction in the number of RBCs and platelets?
  55. What is abnormal hemoglobin, results from a change in one of the 146 amino acids in a beta chain of the globin molecule. Cell becomes irregular shaped and is not able to carry oxygen?
    Sickle-cell anemia
  56. What is inadequate intake of iron-containing foods or impaired iron absorption(iron is a part of the hemoglobin)?
    Iron-deficiency anemia
  57. What is blood clotting?
  58. What is the percentage o RBCs present in a given volume?
  59. Centrifuging-centrifugal force packs down heavier formed elements in a capillary tube, and less dense plasma remains at the top.
    What is the order in which it presents it self from top to bottom?
    • Plasma(55%)
    • Buffy coat
    • Erythrocytes(45%)
  60. Image Upload 1
    Review for info as needed
  61. Image Upload 2
    Review for info as needed
  62. Image Upload 3
  63. Image Upload 4
    • 1:Platelet 
    • 2: Neutrophil
    • 3: Monocyte
  64. Image Upload 5
    • Eosinophil
    • Lymphocyte
    • Erythrocyte
  65. Image Upload 6
  66. Image Upload 7
  67. Image Upload 8
  68. Image Upload 9
    • Neutrophil 
    • Basophil 
    • Monocyte
  69. Image Upload 10
    • Eosinophil
    • Lymphocyte
Card Set
A&PII Lab Midterm: Blood
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