A&PII Lab Midterm: Blood

  1. Blood is the only ___ tissue n the blood and is classified as a _____ tissue.
    • Fluid 
    • Connective
  2. Average adult blood volume
    Male: ______L
    Female: ____L
    • 5-6
    • 4-5
  3. Blood color ranges from _____ (oxygen-rich) to a _____(oxygen poor).
    • Scarlet(bright red)
    • Dark red
  4. Whole blood is composed of _____ and _____.
    • Plasma 
    • Formed Elements
  5. Whole blood is composed of ___% of plasma and ___% formed elements.
    • 55
    • 45
  6. In blood, plasma is a liquid. 
    ___% water 
    ___% proteins
    The rest are _____, non-protein nitrogenous compounds, nutrients, gasses, hormones.
    • 90
    • 8
    • electrolytes
  7. In blood, plasma is a liquid. 90%water, 8%proteins, and the rest. 

    ____ is a compound most common in the proteins.
    Albumin
  8. Scientific name for red blood cells
    Erythrocytes
  9. Erythrocytes are ____ discs, with no ____ or organelles when mature, and function in ___ transport with ____ that carries oxygen in the blood.
    • Biconcave 
    • Nucleus 
    • Gas
    • Hemoglobin
  10. What are the most abundant blood cells in the formed element?
    Erythrocytes
  11. What are the most numerous blood cells?
    Erythrocytes
  12. What blood cells also transports about 20% of carbon dioxide released by tissue cells back to the lungs?
    Erythrocytes
  13. Scientific name for white blood cells.
    Leukocytes
  14. What cells help protect the body from damage by bacteria, viruses, parasitises, toxins, and tumor cells?
    Leukocytes
  15. Leukocytes flow through the blood stream and move in and out of blood vessels via ____ to areas with inflammation or tissue damage.
    Diapedesis
  16. Leukocytes move by ____ motion.
    Amoeboid
  17. Leukocytes can be classified as what two major groups?
    Granulocytes and agranulocytes
  18. Name the white blood cells; granulocytes?
    • Neutrophil
    • Eosinophil 
    • Basophil
  19. Name the white blood cells; agranulocytes.
    • Lymphocyte
    • Monocytes
  20. Describe a neutrophil.
    Describe an eosinophil.
    Describe a basophil.
    • Multilobed nucleus, pale red and blue cytoplasmic granules 
    • Bilobed nucleus, red cytoplasmic granules 
    • Bilobed nucleus, purplish-black cytoplasmic granules
  21. Describe a lymphocyte.
    Describe a monocyte.
    • Large spherical nucleus, thin rim of pale blue cytoplasm
    • Kidney-shaped nucleus, abundant pale blue cytoplasm.
  22. What white blood cell is the 25% or more of the WBC population and is second most numerous leukocytes?
    Lymphocytes
  23. What white blood cell's nucleus occupies most of the cell volume?
    Lymphocytes
  24. What are the two types of lymphocytes?
    • B-lymphocyte 
    • T-lymphocyte
  25. What type of lymphocytes give rise to plasma cells which in turn produce antibodies?
    B-lymphocytes
  26. What type of lymphocytes directly attack virus-infected cells and tumor cells?
    T-lymphocytes
  27. What white blood cell are closely associated with lymphoid tissue and play a crucial role in immunity?
    Lymphocytes
  28. Which white blood cell is considered the largest leukocyte?
    Monocyte
  29. What white blood cell make up 3-8% of all leukocytes and have a U-shaped nucleus?
    Monocytes
  30. What are white blood cell are active phagocytes against viruses and chronic infections?
    Monocytes
  31. What white blood cell is the most numerous WBC(40-70%)?
    Neutrophils
  32. What white blood cell has 3-6 lobed nucleus?
    Neutrophil
  33. What white blood cells fight bacteria and are chemically attracted to the site of inflammation and are active phagocytes?
    Neutrophils
  34. What white blood cell are about 2-4% of WBC population and attach parasitic worm that are too large to be phagocytized?
    Eosinophils
  35. What white blood cell has a nucleus shaped like a figure 8 or is bilobed and plays a complex role in allergies and asthma?
    Eosinophils
  36. What white blood cells plays a complex role in allergies and asthma?
    Eosinophils
  37. What white blood cell are the rarest with an account for less than 1% of all leukocytes?
    Basophils
  38. What white blood cell's granules contain such as histamine which acts as vasodilator and attracts other WBCs to the inflamed site?
    Basophils
  39. What white blood cell does not participate directly in the immune system, they only call for help?
    Basophils
  40. What blood element are cell fragments of megakaryocytes, so not cells?
    Platelets
  41. Platelets are cell fragments of _____.
    Megakaryocytes
  42. Platelets function in ____.
    -Occurs in the plasma when blood vessels are ruptured.
    -Platelets stick to the damaged site and form a temporary plug.
    Hemostasis
  43. Blood typing is a system of blood classification based on the presence of specific ____ on the outer surface on the ____ plasma membrane.
    • Glycoproteins
    • Erythrocyte
  44. What are antigens?
    Anything that the body percieves as foreign and generates an immune response
  45. The glycoproteins on the surface of the erythrocytes are ____. They promote ______, so they are called _____. These determine one's blood type.
    • Antigens
    • Agglutination 
    • Agglutinogens
  46. _____ act against RBCs carrying antigens that are not present on a person's own RBC and cause them to clump together.
    Agglutinins
  47. The ABO blood groups are ased on the presence or absence of 2 agglutinogens: _____ and ____.
    • Type A 
    • Type B
  48. The RH factor is based on the presence of antigen __ on the membrane of the erythrocyte. Classified as either RH pos. or neg.
    D
  49. What condition during birth attacks the placenta's RBCs?
    Erythroblastosis fetalis
  50. What is a condition in which the blood's oxygen-carrying capacity is too low to support normal metabolism. May result from a decrease in RBCs or decreased hemoglobin content in the RBCs?
    Anemia
  51. What is abnormal excess of RBCs that increase blood viscosity?
    Polycythemia
  52. What is abnormally low WBC count/ <4000 per mm?
    Leukopenia
  53. What is increased WBCs, over 11,000 per mm, is a normal homeostatic response to an infection in the body?
    Leukocytosis
  54. What is the overproduction of abnormal WBCs, accompanied by a reduction in the number of RBCs and platelets?
    Leukemia
  55. What is abnormal hemoglobin, results from a change in one of the 146 amino acids in a beta chain of the globin molecule. Cell becomes irregular shaped and is not able to carry oxygen?
    Sickle-cell anemia
  56. What is inadequate intake of iron-containing foods or impaired iron absorption(iron is a part of the hemoglobin)?
    Iron-deficiency anemia
  57. What is blood clotting?
    Coagulation
  58. What is the percentage o RBCs present in a given volume?
    Hematocrit
  59. Centrifuging-centrifugal force packs down heavier formed elements in a capillary tube, and less dense plasma remains at the top.
    What is the order in which it presents it self from top to bottom?
    • Plasma(55%)
    • Buffy coat
    • Erythrocytes(45%)
  60. Image Upload 1
    Review for info as needed
  61. Image Upload 2
    Review for info as needed
  62. Image Upload 3
    Basophil
  63. Image Upload 4
    • 1:Platelet 
    • 2: Neutrophil
    • 3: Monocyte
  64. Image Upload 5
    • Eosinophil
    • Lymphocyte
    • Erythrocyte
  65. Image Upload 6
    Eosinophil
  66. Image Upload 7
    Monocyte
  67. Image Upload 8
    Neutrophils
  68. Image Upload 9
    • Neutrophil 
    • Basophil 
    • Monocyte
  69. Image Upload 10
    • Eosinophil
    • Lymphocyte
Author
fjn900
ID
328835
Card Set
A&PII Lab Midterm: Blood
Description
Review from Pre-labs
Updated