Constitutional Law

  1. appellate jurisdiction
    • The authority of a court to review and change decisions made by a lower court.
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  2. Article III of the US constitution
    • Establishes the powers and jurisdiction of the judicial branch of the federal government, comprised of the Supreme Court of the United States and the lower courts created by Congress.
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  3. Judicial Review
    • A court’s authority or ability to examine an executive or legislative act or other issues.
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  4. Original Jurisdiction
    • A court’s capacity to hear and decide a matter first, before any other court has jurisdiction to review the matter.
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  5. Writ of mandamus
    • A legal directive ordering a public agency, governmental entity, or governmental official to perform an act required by law.
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  6. necessary and proper clause
    • Section I, clause 18 of Article One of the U.S. Constitution, which reads: “The Congress shall have power- To make all Law which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.”
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  7. supremacy clause
    • A clause of Article VI of the United States Constitution that declares the Constitution, federal treaties, and federal laws to be the supreme law of the land and requires states to concede to federal law in the event of a conflict between state and federal regulation.
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  8. taxing and spending clause
    • [U.S. Const., Art. I, § 8, cl. 1] Gives the federal government the power to levy and collect taxes and spend collected tax revenue.
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  9. ex post facto law
    • A law having retroactive effect or force.
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  10. Article III of the US constitution
    • Establishes the powers and jurisdiction of the judicial branch of the federal government, comprised of the Supreme Court of the United States and the lower courts created by Congress.
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  11. Writ of habeas corpus
    • A legal action by which a petitioner or otherwise detained individual can seek release from unlawful detainment.
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  12. Exceptions clause
    • [U.S. Const., Art. III, § 2, cl. 2] Grants Congress the power to make exceptions to the Supreme Court’s appellate jurisdiction over cases.
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Author
tmoy4565
ID
328791
Card Set
Constitutional Law
Description
Constitutional Law
Updated