Psychology Midterm 1: Motivation

  1. Maslow's hierarchy of needs
    • motivation = bridge between physiology & psychology
    • need to satisfy physiological needs before self-actualization
  2. drive vs incentive
    • drive = internal psychological state that motivates satisfaction of need
    • incentive = external goal that motivates behavior
  3. homeostasis
    body pushes toward equilibrium
  4. Yerkes-Dodson law
    • peak performance occurs at medium arousal
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  5. thermoregulation
    • controlled by hypothalamus (learning)
    • hot cat & cold rat
  6. feeding & hunger
    • 1. hunger center- lateral hypothalamus
    • 2. satiety center- ventromedial hypothalamus
  7. set point
    satisfaction point
  8. marshmallow study
    • hot cognition- need it now!
    • cold cognition- delayed gratification
  9. sexual response cycle
    • 1. arousal
    • 2. plateau
    • 3. orgasm
    • 4. resolution
  10. LeVay's anatomical study
    • studied hypothalamus of dead homosexual men who died of AIDS
    • heterosexual men have bigger hypothalamus
    • correlation study b/c AIDS has effect on brain
  11. Dresden experiment
    Dresden bombing--> pregnant women stressed--> release cortisol--> reduce testosterone in son
  12. testosterone in pigs
    females have male-like behavior due to testosterone traveling downstream from brothers
  13. making male or female brains
    • male- testosterone secretion
    • female- testosterone--> estradiol--> alpha feta inhibits estradiol
  14. Bem's "exotic becomes erotic" theory
    • --> = influences
    • biology (hypothalamus)--> temperament (born-with personality traits)--> preference for activities
    • child does not conform to gender roles--> exotic--> feeling different--> arousal toward same gender (erotic)
Author
kwatanabe20
ID
328637
Card Set
Psychology Midterm 1: Motivation
Description
Intro to Pyschology
Updated