Psychology Midterm 1: Brain and Behavior

  1. top brain
    superior/dorsal
  2. bottom brain
    inferior/ventral
  3. front brain
    anterior
  4. back brain
    posterior
  5. inner brain
    medial
  6. outer brain
    lateral
  7. Broca's area
    • frontal lobe- production of language
    • damage--> aphasia (language difficulty)
    • Image Upload 1
  8. 3 main divisions of brain
    Image Upload 2
  9. hindbrain
    • Image Upload 3medulla- behavior
    • cerebellum- smooth movement, posture, balance
  10. midbrain
    reflexes to visual & auditory cues
  11. forebrain
    • Image Upload 4cerebral cortex
    • subcortical- below cortex
    • perception, cognition, emotion, social, recognition
  12. brain stem
    • medulla, pons, midbrain
    • suvival functions: breathing, swallowing, urination
  13. basal ganglia
    • movement, reward
    • damage-->Parkinson's disease- depleted dopamine
  14. thalamus
    sensory gateway
  15. hypothalamus
    4 Fs (fighting, fleeing, feeding, fucking)
  16. hippocampus
    • learning & memory formation
    • damage--> amnesia
  17. amygdala
    processing emotional info & triggering emotional response
  18. limbic system
    amygdala & hippocampus
  19. cerebral cortex
    • wrinkly- maximize SA:volume
    • gray matter = nerve cells
  20. Left hemisphere
    speaking
  21. Right hemisphere
    • spatial awareness
    • damage--> hemineglect- fail to notice anything on left side
  22. corpus callosum
    connection of LH & RH
  23. 4 cerebral cortex lobes
    Image Upload 5
  24. occipital lobe
    vision
  25. parietal lobe
    • touch, spatial awareness
    • damage--> hard time grasping
  26. temporal lobe
    • hearing, memory
    • damage--> agnosia- cannot recognize objects
    • damage--> aphasia- cannot understand talking & cannot talk
  27. frontal lobe
    • thought, planning, movement
    • damage--> autism
    • Phineas Gage- rod damage caused personality changes
  28. 5 cortexes
    Image Upload 6
  29. motor cortex linked to somatosensory cortex
    • specific areas of cortex will amplify based on experience
    • ex. phantom limb
  30. somatosensory homunculus
    • adjacent points on skin = adjacent in cortex
    • some areas on skin have more cortex area
Author
kwatanabe20
ID
328626
Card Set
Psychology Midterm 1: Brain and Behavior
Description
Intro to Psychology
Updated