Psychology Midterm 1: History of Psychology

  1. behavior vs mental processes
    behavior = observable
  2. William Wundt
    created first psychological laboratory
  3. 2 pillars: philosophy
    • all knowledge acquired from learning
    • Locke = nurture
  4. 2 pillars: physiology
    • Darwin
    • mechanist- everything can be explained with physical/chemistry
    • measure evidence of mental processes
  5. Gestalt theory
    whole personal experience DIFFERENT from sum of elements
  6. structuralism
    • Wundt
    • SEPARATE 3 mental elements: images, feelings, sensations
    • introspection- self observation of thoughts
  7. functionalism
    • James
    • opposed structuralism
    • HOW mind works and interacts with it's elements
    • stream of consciousness- mind constantly changing
  8. Freud
    • psychoanalysis- study of unconscious
    • mental illness- obsessed with unconscious vs conscious
    • guilty pleasure vs morality
  9. humanistic psychology
    • accept good and bad
    • opposed Freud
  10. behaviorism
    scientific study of observable behavior, not hidden mental processes
  11. cognitive revolution
    • against behaviorism
    • mind = computer
    • research on hidden mental processes
    • how thoughts affect behavior
  12. social psychology
    how social factors affect behavior
  13. critical thinking
    reaching conclusions supported by evidence
  14. 4 goals of science
    • 1. describe (what)
    • 2. predict (when)
    • 3. control (causes)
    • 4. explain (why)
  15. 3 characteristics of science
    • 1. structured empiricism- relies on observation
    • 2. verification- replication of experiment
    • 3. testable hypothesis- theory (hypothesis)-->background research-->methods-->research-->data analysis-->report results
  16. cautionary points of science
    • coincidence
    • observation may have multiple causes
  17. correlation study
    • appropriate when experiment cannot be done due to ethical concerns
    • cannot randomly assign treatments
Author
kwatanabe20
ID
328625
Card Set
Psychology Midterm 1: History of Psychology
Description
Intro to Psychology
Updated