Chapter 5 study guide

  1. commandments
    an order to do something
  2. an order to do something
    commandments
  3. monotheism
    belief in 1 God
  4. belief in 1 God
    monotheism
  5. prophet
    a person chosen by God to bring truth to a ruler and the people
  6. a person chosen by God to bring truth to a ruler and the people
    prophet
  7. justice
    fair treatment
  8. fair treatment
    justice
  9. rabbi
    a teacher who discussed how laws should be interpreted
  10. a teacher who discussed how laws should be interpreted
    rabbi
  11. ethical
    behavior based on ideas of right and wrong
  12. behavior based on ideas of right and wrong
    ethical
  13. scripture
    sacred writings
  14. sacred writings
    scripture
  15. judge
    usually a warrior or a prophet who could inspire an army of volunteers to defend their land
  16. usually a warrior or a prophet who could inspire an army of volunteers to defend their land
    judge
  17. Abraham
    The father of the Hebrew people. God made a covenant with Abraham that he would be the father of many nations and the land of Canaan would belong to him and his descendants.
  18. The father of the Hebrew people. God made a covenant with Abraham that he would be the father of many nations and the land of Canaan would belong to him and his descendants.
    Abraham
  19. Moses
    Freed the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and led them to the promised land (Canaan). Gave them the 10 commandments.
  20. Freed the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and led them to the promised land (Canaan). Gave them the 10 commandments.
    Moses
  21. Solomon
    Wise king and son of David, built a great temple in Jerusalem, considered the author of Proverbs
  22. Son of David, built a great temple in Jerusalem, considered the author of Proverbs
    Solomon
  23. David
    Great fighter and became king after Saul died, wrote the psalms
  24. Great fighter and became king after Saul died, wrote the psalms
    David
  25. Cyrus the Great
    king of Persia who allowed the Jews to return home from Persia
  26. king of Persia who allowed the Jews to return home from Persia
    Cyrus the Great
  27. Deborah
    a well-known judge who inspired an army to win a great battle
  28. a well-known judge who inspired an army to win a great battle
    Deborah
  29. How was the religion of the Hebrews different from the religion of the Egyptians?
  30. What was the Promised Land? To whom was it promised?
    The land of Canaan. It was promised to Abraham and his descendants.
  31. What was the Promised Land? To whom was it promised?
    The land of Canaan. It was promised to Abraham and his descendants.
  32. Who led the Hebrews out of slavery?
    Moses
  33. What happened during the forty years that the Hebrews lived in the desert?
    They learned more about God's commandments, battled other people, and Moses died.
  34. What is the Hebrew Bible?
    The scriptures consisting of 3 sections: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings
  35. What is the Hebrew Bible?
    The scriptures consisting of 3 sections: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings
  36. What is the Torah? Why was it important to the Jews?
    The first five books of the Hebrew Bible. It contained the ten commandments and many other rules.
  37. What is the Torah? Why was it important to the Jews?
    The first five books of the Hebrew Bible. It contained the ten commandments and many other rules.
  38. What was the Diaspora?
    The community of Jews living away from their ancient homeland.
  39. The community of Jews living away from their ancient homeland.
    Diaspora
  40. What were the basic beliefs of Judaism?
    Monotheism and ethical behavior
  41. How was the Hebrews' God different from the Egyptians' Gods?
    He was merciful and just while the Egyptians' gods were vengeful
  42. Why was Cyrus the Great important to the Jews?
    He allowed them to leave Persia and return to the land of Jerusalem
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Chapter 5 study guide
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Chapter 5 study guide
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