Theatre Appreciation Midterm

  1. What are the 6 elements of drama?
    • 1. plot
    • 2. character
    • 3. thought or theme
    • 4. language or diction
    • 5. music
    • 6. spectacle
  2. pluto believed theatre encouraged
  3. purgation or purification
  4. a type of plot that has reversal and/or recognition
    complex plot
  5. type of plot that DOES NOT have reversal and/or recognition
    simple plot
  6. 6 ways of recognition
    • 1. sign
    • 2. invention by author
    • 3. memory
    • 4. deduction/reasoning
    • 5. one that comes from incidents in the plot
    • 6. false conclusion by the audience
  7. background information in the beginning of the play
  8. starts the rising action
    inciting incident
  9. the action that leads into the climax
    rising action
  10. an incident that sparks the climax
  11. the highest point in the play
  12. the decline of the story until the end
    falling action
  13. plot begins late in the story, toward the very end or climax
    climatic structure
  14. covers a short space of time, perhaps a few hours or at most a few days
    climatic structure
  15. contains a few solid, extended scenes, such as three acts with each act comprising one long scene
    climatic structure
  16. occurs in a restricted local, such as one room or house
    climatic structure
  17. number of characters is severely limited- usually no more than six or eight
    climatic structure
  18. plot is linear and moves in a single line with few sub-plot
    climatic structure
  19. the characters and events are closely linked in a sequence of logical, almost inevitable development
    climatic structure
  20. plot beings relatively early in the story and moves through a series of episodes
    episodic structure
  21. covers a longer period of time: weeks, months, and sometimes many years
    episodic structure
  22. has many short, fragmented scenes; sometimes alternates short and long scenes
    episodic structure
  23. may range over an entire city or even several countries
    episodic structure
  24. has a profusion of characters, sometimes several dozen
    episodic structure
  25. is frequently marked by several threads of action, such as two parallel plots, or scenes of comic relief in a serious play
    episodic structure
  26. scenes are juxtaposed to one another. an event may result from several causes, or from no apparent cause, but arises in a network or web of circumstances
    episodic structure
  27. worked a lot with biomechanics
  28. stanislavski directed ____ plays
    Anton Chekhov
  29. suspension of natural law
  30. thrives of exaggeration- horseplay
  31. knockabout physical humor
  32. comedy that uses wit and comments on situations
  33. comedy that deals with family situations
    domestic comedy
  34. comedy concerned with pointing up the foibles and peculiarities of the upper class
    comedy of manners
  35. humor is based on intellectual and verbal aspects rather than physical aspects
    comedy of ideas
  36. "song drama" or "Music drama," hero's are clear, suspenseful plot, virtue is always victorious
  37. everyday life, social problems, renewed determined
    domestic drama
  38. point of view is mixed, shakespearean theatre or modern theatre
    tragic comedy
  39. first two elements
    storytelling and imitation
  40. honored god dionysus
  41. stepped off of the chorus becoming the first actor, greek
  42. chorus had 50 men
  43. story from generation to generation
  44. self control
  45. physical beauty
    spear bearer
  46. first important Greek western dramatist
  47. called for the 2nd actor
  48. reduced the size of chorus from 50 to 12
  49. wrote agamemnon
  50. raised chorus from 12 to 15
  51. called for the third actor
  52. wrote oedipus and antigone
  53. rebel, most modern writer
  54. sympathetic portrayal of women
  55. increased realism
  56. mixture of tragedy with melodrama and comedy
  57. skeptical treatment of the gods
  58. 5 functions of chorus
    • 1. react the way the audience would
    • 2. gave background info
    • 3. moderate balance between extremes of principle characters
    • 4. offered philosophical observations
    • 5. drew conclusions about the play
  59. comedy that made fun of social and political issues (contrasts with _ comedy)
    old comedy
  60. wrote in the style of old comedy. wrote lysistrata
  61. comedy associated with the romans, was about more generalized concerns
    new comedy
  62. roman play writer who wrote Menaechmi
  63. famous for spoken dialogue
  64. Roman Aristotle, believed tragedy and comedy  are separate genre, theatres purpose is to entertain and teach
  65. religious plays to teach lessons, had traveling groups, and had plays that involved mystery or morality like Everyman
    Middle Ages
  66. Most significant difference between theatre and film
    audience's relationship
  67. activities that are thought to be incorporation of theatre in everyday life
    wedding, court trail, etc
  68. event with theatre aspects
    sport events
  69. reasons to attend theatre
    entertainment, to be taught, to escape, to probe the human condition
  70. theatre is considered to be the ____ because the audience-actor relationship and it is everywhere
    lively art
  71. what popular form of entertainment is SNL based off of...
  72. roles you play in daily life
    student, daughter, sister, friend, etc.
  73. theatrical terms in daily life
    melodramatic, primadonna
  74. term referring to a genre of musical written about already popular rock music
    jukebox musical
  75. term to describe the way an audience participates in theatrical performance
  76. psychological distance needed between the actor and the audience form them to give in to what's going on
    aesthetic distance
  77. purpose of play, how well it was done, was it worth doing
    when critiquing a play
  78. briefly goes over the play
  79. detail and history of the play
  80. a chronological series of events from start to finish
  81. gets in the way of the goal
  82. secondary plot reinforces or runs parallel to major plot in episodic play
  83. commedia dell'arte
  84. believed drama made people irrational
  85. approved drama because it purged emotions
  86. category
  87. three difficult things for an actor to do
    believability, physical acting, synthesis of the two
  88. elements of Stanislavski method
    • 1. concentration/circle of attention
    • 2. ensemble playing
    • 3. relaxation
    • 4. action on stage: what? why? how?
    • 5. importance of specifics
    • 6. inner truth/magic "if"
    • 7. psychophysical action
    • 8. superobjective
  89. discovers new plays, research, history
  90. focus of no performances. mysterious inner heart or spirit of the outward form
  91. describes the mythological origins of theatre in India
  92. A synthesis or integration of elements. ACTING MIME DANCE MUSIC TEXT
    Total theatre
  93. people were classified by heredity in India and were not allowed to move
    caste system
  94. teaches that suffering is inherent in life but that human beings can be liberated from suffering by mental and moral self-purification
  95. stresses the belief that soul or spirit the essence of life: all people are trying to achieve oneness with the supreme world-soul, known as Brahman
  96. language of the noble classes
  97. well known dance drama
  98. responsibility of the one individual or group to others
  99. simplicity, patience and natures harmony, leading to self realization
  100. believed all people are good, can be cultivated or perverted by an unfavorable environment
  101. Spiritual leaders who were able to communicate with the dead and to ward off evil spirits
  102. actor training firm of training performers
    pear garden
  103. the way of the gods, closely allied to nature and spirit worship
  104. There was NO (3 things)
    • synthesis of total theatre
    • actors trained from childhood
    • sophisticated text
  105. took place in chine
    Beijing opera
  106. Japanese puppet theatre
  107. combines no, bunraku, and folk theatre. most popular form of theatre in japan
  108. originally woman actors and then woman were banned and now only has men for actors due to sexual accusations
  109. ends happy, optimistic world view
    heroic drama
  110. plot vs story?
    plot is only a part of the story
  111. elements of NO theatre
    • ACTING
    • MIME
    • DANCE
    • MUSIC
    • TEXT
  112. Know differences between
    • proscenium
    • thrust
    • arena
    • black box
    • created or found space
    • multifocus theatre
  113. what is the most commonly used theatre?
  114. Extra credit- where did Stephen direct Buried Child
    Longstreet theatre in university of south carolina (dad played lead role). theatre was converted into thrust. Buried child by sam shepard
  115. Global connections in theatre became more common
  116. ritual as structure
  117. stansiklavksi did not invent
  118. What is the primary text Aristotle refers to in Poetics?
    Sophocles, Oedipus Rex
  119. Wrote Orestia, the only surviving trilogy
  120. Wrote lysistrata (sex strike)
  121. Wrote in the style of old comedy
  122. he wrote in the style of old comedy
  123. what are the 3 principal forms of Japanese theatre
    • Bunraku
    • NO
    • Kabuki
  124. Man comes back from war, his wife kills him and his pregnant girlfriend
  125. Women went on sex strike
  126. She buries her brother when she wasn't supposed to
  127. Mistaken identity. Was the basis for Shakespeare's comedy of errors.
  128. Trilogy of plays - only surviving presented trilogy in Greek
  129. He fulfilled fate of killing his father and marrying his mother.
  130. Had sympathetic portrayal of women.
    Trojan Women
  131. Forty Seven Ronin or Chushungura
    Japan lord committed ritual suicide.
  132. Written in Sanskrit, Romance of a king and the foster daughter of a hermit, who secretly marry and then subjected to a long separation brought about by the curse. Similar to romeo and juliet
  133. Called her every night for 100 nights, on the 100th night he dies.
    Sotoba Kamachi
  134. Solomon-like judge frees an innocent person accused of a crime. Bertolt Brech adapted this play.
    Circle of Chalk
  135. A cycle of plays, by Wang Shifu. Dramas about two lovers who have been models for thousands of imitations down to the present century.
    Romance of Western Chamber
  136. Artistotle's work was only considered after
  137. "centering" happens in
  138. What two American acting teachers focuse on emotional recall
    • Uta Hagen
    • Lee Staisberg
  139. Give circumstances (5ws)
    • who
    • what
    • where
    • why
    • when
  140. Image Upload 1
    • exposition¬†
    • inciting incident
    • rising action
    • crisis point
    • climax
    • falling action
Card Set
Theatre Appreciation Midterm
theatre appreciation midterm