Civil rights part 1

  1. civil rights
    • protections against discriminatory treatment
    • freedom from government oppression
    • within the limits of the law
  2. right
    • you have a claim to something
    • you are granted protection from an intrusion
  3. remedy
    • relief that flows from a violation of a right
    • enforced by the state
  4. 13th amendment
    1865-neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for a crime, shall exist within the U.S., or any place subject to their jurisdiction
  5. "slavery" after the 13th amendment
    leasing system created in the south, provided cheap labor for farmers, the racial hierarchy did not go away
  6. CRA of 1866
    • granted African Americans equal right as whites to¬†
    • -enter into contracts and property transactions
    • -bring lawsuits and give evidence in court proceedings
  7. Why did congress want to pass the CRA of 1866 and why couldn't they?
    • in response to black codes
    • they did not have authority
  8. 14th amendment
    • 1868
    • all persons born or naturalized in the US are citizens
    • no state shall make or enforce law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the US
    • state shall not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law
    • equal protection of the laws
  9. 15th amendment
    1870-everybody got the right to vote
  10. pitfall of the 15th amendment
    • it doesn't speak to the qualifications of voting
    • hurt a lot of people trying to vote in the south (grandfather clause)
  11. CRA 1870
    - CRA 1866 + authority of 14th amendment+ right and equal opportunity to become qualified to vote + authority of the 15th amendment+marshal law to defend black voters (hmm)
  12. CRA 1871
    gave more federal power to enforce marshal law
  13. CRA 1875
    • the one that made a lot of white people mad
    • -everyone entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of accommodations and facilities, and etc.
  14. Cases of 1883
    • addressed the constitutionality of CRA 1875
    • -said 14th amendment didn't apply because it only refers to corrective state action. Individual acts of discrimination are handled by state laws
    • -okayed segregation
  15. Result of Truman's civil rights report
    • created factual roadmap for congress to act
    • led to end of north and south compromise to permit Jim Crow
  16. Brown vs. Board facts
    the school system had provided for "substantial equality" as to all relevant factors
  17. plaintiffs statements brown vs board
    • educational segregation created feeling of inferiority
    • It is even more detrimental that it is sanctioned by the law
    • sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn
  18. supreme court ruling
    after a new chief justice was appointed segregation became illegal
Card Set
Civil rights part 1
stuff bro