Ch. 3&4

  1. Leininger's cultural care diversity and universality theory
    • care is the essence of nursing and the dominant, distinctive and unifying feature of nursing
    • provide care the nurse safely integrates the client's cultural traditions, values and beliefes into the plan of care
  2. Nightingale's Theory
    • Facilitate "the body's reparitive process" by manipulating client's environment
    • providing fresh air, light, warmth, cleanliness, quiet, nutrition, socialization, hope etc...
  3. Caring
    means that persons, events and things matter to people
  4. Neuman's systems theory
    • assist individuals, families and groups in attaining and maintaining maximal level of total wellness by purposeful interventions
    • open system: environment is both external and internal, the person interacts with stressors from the environment, which may affect the well being of the client
  5. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
    • self actualization
    • self esteem
    • love and belonging needs
    • physical safety psychological safety
    • oxygen fluids nutrition body temp elimination shelter sex
  6. Orem's Self Care Theory
    • explains the factors within a client's living situation that support or interfere with the client's self care ability
    • care for and help client attain total self care
  7. Nursing Theory
    a conceptualization of some aspect of nursing communicated for the purpose of describing, explaining, predicting, and/or prescribing nursing care
  8. Nursing
    "... diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health problems..."
  9. Domain
    • the perspective of a profession
    • in nursing it provides both the practical and thoretical aspects for the discipline
    • nursing history, nursing theory, education, practice, and research
  10. Healthy People 2010
    overall goals to increase life expectancy and quality of life and to eliminate health disparities through an improved delivery of health care services
  11. Community Based Nursing
    • takes place outside the hospital (home, clinic)
    • focus on individual/family
    • acute, chronic and self care
    • promote autonomy in decision making
Card Set
Ch. 3&4
community based, theories