AP Psych Midterm #3

  1. The Central NS contains..
    the brain and spinal cord
  2. Peripheral NS
    includes ever cell outside CNS, carries info from sensory neurons to brain and brain to body
  3. Somatic NS
    controls voulntary movement and skeletal muscles
  4. Autonomic NS
    glands and muscles of internal organs, everything w/o conscious control
  5. Sympathetic NS
    • alert system of body
    • used during times of stress
    • fight ot flight
  6. Parasympathetic NS
    • restorative
    • metabolism
    • homeostasis
  7. Opponent Process
    Sympathetic and Parasympathetic NS have opposite functions
  8. Structures in the Forebrain
    • Thalamus
    • Hypothalamus
    • Pituitary Gland
  9. Thalamus
    where all sensory messages (except smell) go
  10. Hypothalamus
    • "master control center"
    • hunger, thirst, aggression
  11. Pituitary Gland
    • "master gland"
    • controls endocrine system
  12. Endocrine system
    releases hormones throught glands and ducts
  13. Structures in the Hindbrain
    • Medulla
    • Cerebellum
    • Pons
  14. Medulla
    • respiration, heart rate, breathing
    • controls reflexes like vomiting and coughing
  15. Cerebellum
    Balance and motor coordination
  16. Pons
    • connected to Medulla and Cerebellum
    • regulates body movement, breathing, attention
    • sleep/arousal
  17. Reticular Activating System (RAS)
    • bridge from hindbrain to forebrain
    • screens incoming information
    • helps in general arousal¬†
    • filter - not all info
  18. Hippocampus
    • forming new memories
    • long term memory
  19. Amygdala
    • arousal and regulation of emotion
    • memory through emotion
    • emotional reactions - fear, disgust
  20. Limbic System
    • under cerebral cortex
    • processes emotions, learning, hunger and emotion
  21. lobes in cerebral cortex (top to bottom)
    • temporal
    • occipital
    • parietal
    • frontal
  22. Occipital lobe
    • visual cortex
    • damage to lobe/cortex can effect vision
  23. Temporal lobe
    • Auditory cortex
    • involved in memory
  24. Frontal Lobe
    • motor cortex
    • voluntary movement and thinking
  25. Parietal lobe
    • Sensory cortex
    • body sensations
  26. Left Brain functions
    • linear thinking (part to whole)
    • spelling, math, science
    • logic, language
    • list making
    • verbal
  27. Right brain functions
    • creative
    • art
    • whole then part
    • reasoning
    • visual learners
  28. split brain
    • sever corpus callosum
    • objects on right can be named, objects on left cannot
  29. Ablation
    • removal of part of the brain
    • destroy tissue
    • most invasive
  30. direct stimulation
    electrically stimulate the surface of the brain
  31. electroencephalograms
    • look at electric activity
    • brain wave readings
  32. brain scans
    create a picture of brain activity
  33. EEG
    print/recording of brain waves
  34. PET scan
    radioactive glucose to see biochemical changes
  35. MRI
    use magnetic fields to produce a clear picture
  36. fMRI
    looks at changes of bllod flor in brain using glucose w/o radiation
  37. CT scan
    • fancy X-ray
    • 3d images
    • not as clear as MRI
  38. Culture
    sets of ideas, behavior, attitudes, and traditions that exists within a large group of people that are passed from one generation to another w/o change
  39. Cultural Norm
    unwritten rule/ expectation that influence behavior
  40. Cultural Meme
    • self regulating idea¬†
    • FAD
  41. Kinship studies
    a study in which the traits and behavior of individuals are examined and compared to their relatieves
  42. Gender
    the definition of male or female that is designed by one's society
  43. Gender Roles
    expectations about how men/women should act & behave
  44. Gender identity
    sense of beinf male/female
  45. Gender Typing
    older generations place gender roles on younger generations
  46. Gender Schema Theory
    kids learn from society and culture what their gender roles are and adjust behavior to fit
  47. Social learning theory
    • social behavior is learned primarily by observing and repeating behavior of others
    • reward/ punishment
Card Set
AP Psych Midterm #3
AP Psych Midterm review part 3