AP Psych Midterm #2

  1. What is intelligence?
    The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
  2. How do we asses intelligence?
    Intelligence test are used to asses an individuals mental aptitue and compare them to others using a numerical score
  3. Binet and Simon
    • French government said everyone had to go to school
    • conducted naturalistic observation
    • mental age vs chronological age
  4. Mental age
    A person's level of mental developmet relative to others
  5. Chronological age
    The average age at which children should succesfully answer a particular level of questions
  6. IQ
    mental age/ Chrolological age x 100
  7. Factor Analysis
    Statistical procedure conducted to identify clusters of groups or related items
  8. Spearman theory of inteligence
    • "g" factor- general intelligence (all cognitive abilities)
    • "s" factor- task specific intelligence
  9. Sternberg theory of inteligence
    Triarchic theory of inteligence - Creative, Analytical and practical
  10. Creative Intelligence (Sternberg)
    • ability to tailor behavior to demands of context 
    • learn from experience
  11. Analytical Intelligence (sternberg)
    • Information processing skills
    • analyzing a problem
  12. Practical Intelligence (Sternberg)
    • street smarts
    • ability to cope with enviornment
    • most important
  13. Catell theory of inteligence
    • two seperate forms of "g"
    • Crystallized- factual knowledge, increases throughout life
    • Fluid- visual/spatial intelligence, decreases throughout lifetime
  14. Gardner theory of inteligence
    • Multiple intelligences
    • verbal/linguistic
    • logical/mathematical
    • visual/spatial
    • musical
    • bodily kinesthtic/movement
    • intrapersonal
    • interpersonal
    • naturalistic
    • esistentialist
  15. Wechsler theory of inteligence
    Created the test used to measure the itelligence of school childten - now IQ test
  16. What does it mean for a test to be standardized?
    ensures that testing procedures, instructions and scoring are identical
  17. Validity
    if a test measuers what it is supposed to measure
  18. Content Validity
    measures all knowledge/skills included in the domain
  19. Face Validity
    appears to look like it measures the right thing
  20. Criterion Validity
    when scores can be used to predict another relevant measure
  21. Predictive Validity
    Corrcectly predectis future performance or results
  22. Reliability
    ability to be repeated
  23. Split-half reliability
    randomly dividing test into 2 = parts then determine the degree of similarity between scores
  24. Test-retest method
    compare scores for the same test given on two occasions
  25. Parallel froms
    similar but not identical test
  26. Parts of a neuron
    • Dendrites
    • Cell Body
    • Axon
    • Axon Terminal
  27. Dendrites
    reach out, recieve and gather information from other neurons to try to make connections
  28. Cell Body
    • Soma
    • Contains the nucleus and organelles
  29. Axon
    Single long fiber -  extends from neuron carrying things away from it
  30. Axon Terminal
    send messages away to the next neuron
  31. Endorphins (Neurotransmitters)
    • body's natural painkillers
    • produce feeling of euphoria
    • bind to receptors that open gates, can keep neurons from firing
  32. Acetycholine (Neurotransmitters)
    involved in muscle movement, meory, attention, and emotion
  33. GABA (Neurotransmitters)
    inhibits anxiety, fear, worry
  34. Oxytocin (Neurotransmitters)
    important in experience of love nad bonding
  35. Serotonin (Neurotransmitters)
    • regulation of sleep, attention, mood, learning and appetite
    • can be excitatory or inhibitory
    • found in hindbrain
  36. Dopamine (Neurotransmitters)
    voluntary movement, sleep, mood, attention, sensation of pleasure
  37. Norepinephrine (Neurotransmitters)
    • stress relases it
    • invloved in arousal & mood
    • fight/flight
  38. Alzheimers has been linked to...
    low leves of acetylcholine
  39. Schizophrenia has been linked to...
    high levels of dopamine
  40. Parkinsons has been linked to...
    low levels of dopamine
Card Set
AP Psych Midterm #2
Ap Psych midterm review part 2