Psychoneurobiology

  1. T or F: All four lobes of the cerebrum impact communication
    True
  2. This Lobe is primarily for thinking, memory, behavior, and movement:




    B. Frontal
  3. This lobe is primarily for hearing, learning, and feeling:




    D. Temporal
  4. This lobe is primarily for language and touch:




    D. Parietal
  5. This lobe is primarily for sight:




    C. Occipital
  6. What is Aphasia and what part of the brain does it damage?
    Damage to a discrete part of a the brain in the left frontal lobe (Broca's area) of the language-dominant hemisphere has been shown to significantly affect use of spontaneous speech and motor speech control.
  7. T or F: Personality Issues can be connected to the Occipital Lobe
    False: Frontal Lobe
  8. Fill in: Some patients with temporal Lobe injury will have persistent _____.
    ....talking.
  9. Looking at these symptoms, which of the 4 lobes would you expect is injured:

    -Disturbance of auditory sensation and perception.
    -Disturbance of selective attention of auditory and visual input.

    -Disorders of visual perception.

    -Impaired organisation and categorization of verbal material.

    -Disturbance of language comprehension.

    -Impaired long-term memory.

    -Altered personality and affective behaviour.

    -Altered sexual behaviour.
    Temporal
  10. What is the term that describes an injury to the parietal lobe which makes objects unrecognizable?
    Agnosia
  11. This part of the limbic system controls emotional responses/memories/fear:




    C. amygdala
  12. This part of the Limbic system has to do with learning memory (specifically temp to perm), and analyze spacial relationships:




    B. hippocampus
  13. This part of the Limbic system controls mood, thirst, hunger, temperature, hormonal glands:




    A. Hypothalamus
  14. This part of the Limbic system controls attention span, senses pain/input about sensations:




    D. thalamus
  15. T or F: The limbic system controls breathing, HR, BP, and alertness
    False: The brain stem does
  16. Match term with function:

    1. Regulates body movement, vision, hearing. ____

    2. Controls posture, movement, creates level of consciousness for sleep. ____

    3. Maintains body function of pulse, respirations, BP, swallowing, vomiting. ____

    a. Pons
    b. Medulla
    c. Midbrain
    • 1. C
    • 2. A
    • 3. B
  17. This part of the brain is responsible for fine motor movements, balance, proprioception and limb positioning:



    A. Cerebellum
  18. This part of the brain mostly controls eye movement:



    C. Midbrain
  19. All sensory information is processed and integrated in the ____.

    a. Thalamus
    b. Hypothalamus
    a. Thalamus
  20. The _____ is where homeostasis, has nervous control of all internal organs, and regulates endocrine function.

    a. Hypothalamus
    b. Thalamus
    a. Hypothalamus
  21. This NT plays a role in:
    • - arousal/sleep
    • - cognition
    • - memory
    • - contraction of skeletal muscles
    • - learning
    • ACH
  22. Too much of this NT can result in:
     - dry mouth
     - HA
     - altered sense of taste
     - n/v
     - nightmares
     - depression




    B. ACH
  23. Too little ACH can be associated with:




    C. Dementia/alzhimer's
  24. This NT inhibits violent tendencies, regulates temperature, sleep cycle and pain perception, and also plays a role in eating behavior and anxiety:




    B. Serotonin
  25. Too much serotonin can lead to:



    A.
  26. Too little of this NT can lead to insomnia, increased suicidal ideation, and OCD:




    C. Serotonin
  27. T or F: Norepinephrine is also a hormone
    True: it is secreted by a gland to be distributed to mellow out smooth muscles
  28. Capsaicin blocks this NT
    Substance P - a peptide that transmits pain signals
  29. What is the function of endorphins?
    Inhibits the transmission of ain signals, produce euphoria
  30. This NT is considered the "learning neurotransmitter"
    It also plays a role in mood and addictions:




    C. Dopamine
  31. Too much dopamine can cause:



    B.
  32. Severe deficit of this NT can cause some depression, muscular rigidity, Parkinson's symptoms:




    B.
  33. This NT is an inhibitory NT, and it regulates anxiety and severe deficits of it can cause seizures.
    Gaba: an inhibitory NT
  34. This NT is an amino acid. Too much of it an cause brain diseases (alzheimer's, ALS, seizures). 

    It plays a role in memory, learning.
    Glutamate: excites neurons and causes them to fire
  35. Too little of this NT an cause symptoms of schizophrenia and other thought disorders. 

    (Hint: it has the structure of an amino acid)
    Gaba
  36. This cognitive dx is a language impairment; with difficulty of production and comprehension of speech.

    Injury to the frontal and temporal lobes (left commonly)




    D. aphasia
  37. This dx is disturbances in organizing voluntary movements: poor ADLs




    D. apraxia
  38. This dx is the disorganization of perception and recognition; seen in injury to the parietal lobe




    C. agnosia
  39. this dx is the poverty of speech.

    seen in dementia, schizophrenia, and injury to left hemisphere of the brain.




    C. alogia
  40. What is circcumstantiality thinking?
    question only answered after excessive details are given
  41. What is tangential speech?
    wanders from topic to topic, never returning to original topic
  42. This neuroimaging test measures brain activity through detecting blood oxygenation and blood flow, shows neuronal activity:



    C. fMRI
  43. This neuroimaging test uses x-rays. It reveals the gross features of the brain:



    C. CT
  44. This neuroimaging test uses short-lived radioactive material to show functional and metabolic processes in the brain:



    A. Pet
  45. This neuroimaging test is used to test for MS, alzhiemer's, TIA, ALS, stroke, etc.
    PET
  46. This neuroimaging test uses electrodes by measuring electrical activity of the brain:



    C. EEG
  47. This neuroimaging test measures magnetic fields in the brain using SQUIDs (super sensitive devices):



    C. MEG
  48. This neuroimaging device uses an optical technique for measuring oxygenation in the brain:



    C. NIRS
Author
edeleon
ID
327570
Card Set
Psychoneurobiology
Description
Lecture Notes
Updated