T or F: All four lobes of the cerebrum impact communication
This Lobe is primarily for thinking, memory, behavior, and movement:
This lobe is primarily for hearing, learning, and feeling:
This lobe is primarily for language and touch:
This lobe is primarily for sight:
What is Aphasia and what part of the brain does it damage?
Damage to a discrete part of a the brain in the left frontal lobe (Broca's area) of the language-dominant hemisphere has been shown to significantly affect use of spontaneous speech and motor speech control.
T or F: Personality Issues can be connected to the Occipital Lobe
False: Frontal Lobe
Fill in: Some patients with temporal Lobe injury will have persistent _____.
Looking at these symptoms, which of the 4 lobes would you expect is injured:
-Disturbance of auditory sensation and perception.
-Disturbance of selective attention of auditory and visual input.
-Disorders of visual perception.
-Impaired organisation and categorization of verbal material.
-Disturbance of language comprehension.
-Impaired long-term memory.
-Altered personality and affective behaviour.
-Altered sexual behaviour.
What is the term that describes an injury to the parietal lobe which makes objects unrecognizable?
This part of the limbic system controls emotional responses/memories/fear:
This part of the Limbic system has to do with learning memory (specifically temp to perm), and analyze spacial relationships:
This part of the Limbic system controls mood, thirst, hunger, temperature, hormonal glands:
This part of the Limbic system controls attention span, senses pain/input about sensations:
T or F: The limbic system controls breathing, HR, BP, and alertness
False: The brain stem does
Match term with function:
1. Regulates body movement, vision, hearing. ____
2. Controls posture, movement, creates level of consciousness for sleep. ____
3. Maintains body function of pulse, respirations, BP, swallowing, vomiting. ____
This part of the brain is responsible for fine motor movements, balance, proprioception and limb positioning:
This part of the brain mostly controls eye movement:
All sensory information is processed and integrated in the ____.
The _____ is where homeostasis, has nervous control of all internal organs, and regulates endocrine function.
This NT plays a role in:
- contraction of skeletal muscles
Too much of this NT can result in:
- dry mouth
- altered sense of taste
Too little ACH can be associated with:
This NT inhibits violent tendencies, regulates temperature, sleep cycle and pain perception, and also plays a role in eating behavior and anxiety:
Too much serotonin can lead to:
Too little of this NT can lead to insomnia, increased suicidal ideation, and OCD:
T or F: Norepinephrine is also a hormone
True: it is secreted by a gland to be distributed to mellow out smooth muscles
Capsaicin blocks this NT
Substance P - a peptide that transmits pain signals
What is the function of endorphins?
Inhibits the transmission of ain signals, produce euphoria
This NT is considered the "learning neurotransmitter"
It also plays a role in mood and addictions:
Too much dopamine can cause:
Severe deficit of this NT can cause some depression, muscular rigidity, Parkinson's symptoms:
This NT is an inhibitory NT, and it regulates anxiety and severe deficits of it can cause seizures.
Gaba: an inhibitory NT
This NT is an amino acid. Too much of it an cause brain diseases (alzheimer's, ALS, seizures).
It plays a role in memory, learning.
Glutamate: excites neurons and causes them to fire
Too little of this NT an cause symptoms of schizophrenia and other thought disorders.
(Hint: it has the structure of an amino acid)
This cognitive dx is a language impairment; with difficulty of production and comprehension of speech.
Injury to the frontal and temporal lobes (left commonly)
This dx is disturbances in organizing voluntary movements: poor ADLs
This dx is the disorganization of perception and recognition; seen in injury to the parietal lobe
this dx is the poverty of speech.
seen in dementia, schizophrenia, and injury to left hemisphere of the brain.
What is circcumstantiality thinking?
question only answered after excessive details are given
What is tangential speech?
wanders from topic to topic, never returning to original topic
This neuroimaging test measures brain activity through detecting blood oxygenation and blood flow, shows neuronal activity:
This neuroimaging test uses x-rays. It reveals the gross features of the brain:
This neuroimaging test uses short-lived radioactive material to show functional and metabolic processes in the brain:
This neuroimaging test is used to test for MS, alzhiemer's, TIA, ALS, stroke, etc.
This neuroimaging test uses electrodes by measuring electrical activity of the brain:
This neuroimaging test measures magnetic fields in the brain using SQUIDs (super sensitive devices):
This neuroimaging device uses an optical technique for measuring oxygenation in the brain: