lecture 1

  1. we are at in an important moment in history in which understanding prejudice is exceedingly important
    • 1) right-wing extremism may be on the rise 
    • 2) social media is changing the way that we are exposed to information
    • 3) this may be exacerbating the division between the left + right wing, creating a situation that breeds out-group dehumanization
  2. stereotypes
    a tendency of ppl to think of someone or something in similar terms- that is, as having similar attributes
  3. individual stereotypes
    describes the beliefs held by an individual about the characteristics of a group
  4. cultural stereotypes
    describes shared or communitywide patterns of beliefs
  5. prejudice (classical definition)
    prejudice is a strong negative feeling about someone based on a generalization one has about that persons groups
  6. prejudice as an attitude
    • prejudice is more complex
    • ex:// not necessarily negative, and involves cognitive and behavioural components in addition to emotion
  7. there are four consistent features that define prejudice
    • 1)it occurs between groups
    • 2) it involves an evaluation (positive or negative) of a group
    • 3) it is a biased perception of a group
    • 4) it is based on a real or imagined characteristic of the group
  8. dehumanization
    is the disendowment of human qualities
  9. attribution theory
    • focuses on what we attribute the causes of another person's behaviour 
    • ex:// external or internal causes
  10. self-categorization theory
    ppl view themselves as a member of a social category or group
  11. the cognitive miser view
    ppl are much more concerned with developing ways of thinking about the world that are fast and efficient as opposed to slow and accurate
  12. the motivated tactician
    motivations can bias how a person perceives any other individual, depending on how it best suits the perceiver's salient needs, values, or goals at the given time
  13. there are 3 approaches to understanding prejudice + stereotyping
    • 1) individual differences
    • 2) situational contexts
    • 3) cognitive factors
Card Set
lecture 1