Perio PP3/4/5

  1. What is the major difference between gingivitis and periodontitis?
    Gingivitis is confined to the gingival tissues and is reversible tissue damage while periodontitis is irreversible tissue damage and infection on all parts of the periodontium
  2. What are the 3 basic states of the periodontium
    • Health
    • Gingivitis
    • Periodontitis
  3. __________ is NOT a reliable indicator of the presence or severity of chronic periodontitis
    Clinical appearance
  4. Gingivitis is seen clinically within _______ days following the accumulation of bacterial plaque
    4 to 14
  5. Gingivitis may last for years without ________
    progressing to periodontitis
  6. Periodontitis is characterized by
    • Apical migration of the epithelial attachment
    • Loss of connective tissue attachment (destruction of periodontal ligament)
    • Loss of alveolar bone
    • Tissue damage is permanent
  7. With alveolar bone in periodontitis the bone is ________ to the CEJ
    More than 1.5mm apical
  8. The most common pattern of bone loss in periodontitis
    Horizontal
  9. What is the PATHWAY IN HORIZONTAL BONE LOSS
    • INTO THE GINGIVAL CONNECTIVE TISSUE INTO THE ALVEOLAR BONE
    • INTO THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT
  10. What is the PATHWAY IN VERTICAL BONE LOSS
    INTO THE GINGIVAL CONNECTIVE TISSUE DIRECTLY INTO THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT INTO THE ALVEOLAR BONE
  11. CLASSIFICATION OF BONE DEFECTS IN PERIODONTITIS  are CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO NUMBER OF
    –REMAINING BONY WALLS
  12. What kind of bony defect is this?
    • Image Upload 1
    • One wall intrabony defect
  13. What kind of bony defect is this?
    • Image Upload 2
    • two wall intrabony defect
  14. What kind of bony defect is this?
    • Image Upload 3
    • three wall intrabony defect
  15. What is an osseous crater
    A dip in the contour of interproximal bone between the facial and lingual plates
  16. Describe an inactive disease site
    disease site that is stable with the junctional epithelium remaining at the same level for a period of time
  17. Describe an active disease site
    disease site that shows continued apical migration of the junctional epithelium over time
  18. Most periodontal pockets show varying degrees of attachment loss on different
    surfaces of the same tooth
  19. What are the two types of pockets
    • gingival pocket
    • periodontal pocket
  20. A gingival pocket also knows as a ________ is a DEEPENING OF THE SULCUS AS A RESULT OF INFLAMMATION DUE TO:
    • PSEUDOPOCKET
    • DETACHMENT OF THE CORONAL PORTION OF THE EPITHELIAL ATTACHMENT (WITH NO APICAL MIGRATION OF THE EPITHELIAL ATTACHMENT
    • SWELLING OF THE GINGIVAL TISSUE DUE TO EDEMA
  21. A PERIODONTAL POCKET is A PATHOLOGICAL DEEPENING OF THE GINGIVAL SULCUS DUE TO:
    • –APICAL MIGRATION OF THE EPITHELIAL ATTACHMENT
    • –DESTRUCTION OF PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT FIBERS
    • –DESTRUCTION OF ALVEOLAR BONE
  22. What are the two types of periodontal pockets
    • suprabony pocket
    • infrabony pocket
  23. Describe a suprabony pocket
    –BASE OF THE POCKET IS CORONAL TO THE ALVEOLAR CREST
  24. Describe an infrabony pocket and what kind of bone loss is associated with it
    BASE OF THE POCKET IS APICAL TO THE ALVEOLAR CREST
  25. An infrabony pocket can be characterized by ______ bone loss
    vertical
  26. Describe acute gingivitis
    short –duration; resolves upon professional and good self-care
  27. Describe chronic gingivitis
    may exist for years without ever progressing to periodontitis; resolves upon professional and good self-care
  28. What is the color of gingiva in acute gingivitis
    –increased blood flow causes tissue to appear bright red
  29. What is the color of gingiva in chronic periodontitis
    appears bluish red or purplish red
  30. _______ enlarges marginal and interproximal gingival tissue
    Increased tissue fluid
  31. Cratered papillae is a feature seen in what gingival disease
    acute periodontitis
  32. _______ is seen even BEFORE clinical changes can be seen and is an important indicator of ________
    • Bleeding on probing
    • inflammation
  33. What are the three extent and distribution of gingival inflammation
    • papillary
    • marginal
    • diffuse
  34. Where is marginal gingival inflammation found
    Along the interdental papilla and the gingival margin
  35. Where is diffuse gingival inflammation found
    Interdental papilla, gingival margin and attached gingiva extending to the mucogingival junction
Author
haitianwifey
ID
327499
Card Set
Perio PP3/4/5
Description
Perio PP3/4/5
Updated