Lane Final 1st sem

  1. war of the roses
    war between families for the English throne
  2. How was the war of the roses resolved
    Tudors won control, Henry Tudor got control
  3. What is the Church of England
    Catholicism w/ divorce; formed by Henry VIII
  4. Why was religion unstable during and after Henry VIII's reign?
    Citizens split between Catholicism and Protestantism; power shifted
  5. How did James I of England affect religion and literature
    Approved the King James Bible- the first widespread English Bible
  6. What year did Columbus sail?
  7. Who sponsored Columbus and from what country were they?
    Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain
  8. What was the relationship between Queen Isabella, King Ferdinand, and King Henry VIII?
    They arranged a marriage between their kids; henry's son arthur married ferdinand's daughter Catherine
  9. When was Jamestown settled?
  10. What crop made settlement in Jamestown profitable?
  11. How did the Powhatan tribe contribute to the survival of Jamestown?
    provided them with food by trade
  12. When did the Mayflower sail?
  13. What is the difference between Puritans and Separatists?
    Puritans-fix church in England; Separatists-leave
  14. Who went on the Mayflower?
    separatists, William Bradford
  15. what problems did those on the Mayflower encounter when they got to their destination?
    malnutrition, starvation, freezing, hostility w/ the natives, poisoned water
  16. Why did Puritans write nonfiction but not fiction?
    They did not value imagination or entertainment
  17. What is the Great Awakening and why didn't it last?
    movement toward stronger practice of religion; b/c it was a lot of work and was difficult to sustain
  18. myth
    traditional story explaining history of people or mysterious phemomenon
  19. ethnography
    study of characteristics of various peoples and differences/relationships between; branch of anthropology
  20. what information is known about the attitude of Christopher Colombus from Howard Zinn's research?
    Columbus treated the natives brutally, was willing to lie about presence of gold for what he wanted
  21. "Journal of the First Voyage to America"
    by Christopher Columbus, talked about the good and not the bad, said they were friendly towards natives and found gold
  22. what were the implications of the early voyages from Europe to the Americas for Europe and the rest of the world?
    earth is bigger than they thought, more land and resources to be fought over
  23. The General History of Virginia
    written by John Smith, detailed his firsthand accounts of Jamestown; embellished at times
  24. history
    piece of writing detailing a story or record
  25. John Smith's involvement with Jamestown
    Negotiated with natives, traded with natives
  26. Of Plymouth Plantation
    written by William Bradford
  27. William Bradford's involvement with the Mayflower
    travelled on it to Plymouth
  28. why did those who did travel on the mayflower?
    Freedom to practice their religion (not religious freedom)
  29. "To My Dear and Loving Husband" and "Upon the Burning of Our House"
    written by Anne Bradstreet
  30. Why is Anne Bradstreet important to American literature?
    First American to publish a volume of poetry
  31. People who ditched church of England early on were called
  32. How did Anne Bradstreet's beliefs influence her writing?
    She believed men were superior to women, her work became less sophisticated in style as she spend more time in America
  33. "To My Dear and Loving Husband"
    praises her husband
  34. "Upon the Burning of Our House"
    Theme: material possesions
  35. Lyric poetry
    expresses deep feelings or emotion
  36. connotation
    an idea or quality that a word makes you think about in addition to its meaning
  37. Huswifery
    written by Edward Taylor, conceit that compares housework to God
  38. Conceit
    a fanciful expression in writing or speech; elaborate metaphor
  39. "Don't Drink the Water"
    by Dave Matthews, sad theme-people took the natives' land
  40. How did "Don't Drink the Water" fit in its unit?
    Pilgrims claimed the right to land that was not theirs
  41. The Wonders of the Invisible World
    written by Cotton Mather, defined witchcraft as planned by the devil, defended his actions in witch hunts
  42. How long has the notion of witchraft been around?
    thousands of years
  43. Why were women always associated with witchcraft?
    healing, cooking, childbirth
  44. After the Salem Witch Trials, what change occurred in the American Justice System?
    guilty until proven innocent>innocent until proven guilty
  45. "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
    spoken by Jonathon Edwards, 'you're all terrible and lucky to not be in Hell'
  46. How did listeners first react to "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God?"
    Frenzied, very extreme responses
  47. What did Jonathon Edwards try to "read" for spiritual truth?
  48. Why did attitudes change from the 1760s to the mid 1770s?
    7 years war, sugar Act, Tea Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Intolerable Acts
  49. How did the colonies justify their break with England?
    The felt that their basic rights had been revoked and self government was optimal
  50. What specific events precipitated this breakup?
    7 years war, sugar Act, Tea Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Intolerable Acts
  51. How is Revolutionary writing different from Puritan writing
    it is logical, whereas Puritan writing was religious primarily. It also focused on expansion of knowledge
  52. What is the Age of Enlightenement?
    Reason was valued above all else
  53. When did the Revolutionary War begin?
    April 19, 1775
  54. When did the Revolutionary War end?
    Cornwallis surrendered in 1781 at Yorktown, Treaty of Paris signed September 3, 1783
  55. The Autobiography and Poor Richard's almanac
    written by Benjamin Franklin
  56. The Autobiography
    Ben Franklin was supposed to be a minister, was a printer, and the book ends in 1757 (unfinished).
  57. Poor Richard's Almanac
    Divided a year into months and days; contained useful information like tides and sunrise, contained aphorisms
  58. What evidence exists that Ben Franklin was influenced by Puritan ethic?
    He tried to make himself morally perfect
  59. What evidence exists that Ben Franklin was influenced by the Age of Reason?
    wrote, invented, etc.
  60. What is an aphorism?
    truth or opinion expressed in a witty manner; proverb; "if it ain't broke, don't fix it"
  61. Speech in the Virginia Convention
    spoken by Patrick Henry, drove colonies toward war, "we tried reason, now we fight!"
  62. parallelism
    fact of being similar in development or form
  63. Patrick Henry's famous quote
    "I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me libety or give me death!"
  64. The Crisis, Number 1
    written by Thomas Paine, compared England's treatment of colonies to slavery, pushed for Independence
  65. What evidence was used in the Crisis Number 1?
    References to God and simple language were used; argued that Britain was 'playing God'
  66. "To His Excellency, General Washington"
    by Phyllis Wheatley, personified America as a woman; Phyllis Wheatley was a female former slave who was well educated
  67. Declaration of Independence
    primary author Thomas Jefferson, addressed England, 27 grievances-defined conflicts
  68. Letters from an American Farmer
    by J. Hector St. John de Crevecouer, described America as a place of hope
  69. Epistle
    A composition in the form of a letter
  70. What phrase did Crevecouer use to descrbe groups of people who came to the new world?
    Melting pot
  71. Interesting Narrative of the Life of ____
    written by Olaudah Equiano, targeted abolitionists, end goal was to end slavery
  72. What method of writing was invented and developed during 1800-1840?
  73. what major events led to the growth of America in the early 1800s?
    Industrial revolution
  74. Who was the people's president?
    Andrew Jackson
  75. What allowed people to connect with one another? 1800-1840
  76. What is the Trail of Tears?
    Cherokee removal passage from anywhere east of the mississippi to oklahoma
  77. Characteristics of Hudson River School Painters' work?
    focused on nature and the Hudson River Valley
  78. Heart of writing 1800-1840?
    New York
  79. What was the significance of the War of 1812?
    America gained free trade and ended British impressment
  80. Who was America's first professional author to gain an international reputation?
    Washington Irving
  81. What is romance literature?
    literature with an emphasis on emotion with individualism, nature
  82. what other art forms were influenced by the Romantic movement?
    music, painting
  83. What is the difference between Romantic writing and and revolutionary era writing?
    revolutionary writing was almost entirely political
  84. What is a knickerbocker?
    New Yorker
  85. "The Devil and Tom Walker"
    written by Washington Irving, Tom likes stuff more than his wife, charges unfair rates and gets caught
  86. folk tales
    stories passed down through generations verbally
  87. Other works by Washington Irving
    "Legend of Sleepy Hollow," "Rip Van Winkle"
  88. What inspired Washington Irving's work?
    German folktales
  89. "Thanatopsis"
    written by William Cullen Bryant, author finds comfort in that everybody lives and dies
  90. thanatopsis
    meditation on death
  91. romanticism
    emphasizes imagination and emotion
  92. The Single Effect
    The idea that the story should focus on one emotional effect on the reader and everything should serve that
  93. "The Raven"
    Poe, Raven knocks and stays there; Lenore
  94. "The Fall of the House of Usher"
    Poe, Roderick Usher invites friend, lock away living sister, both Ushers die
  95. Alliteration
    consecutive initial consonant sounds
  96. Consonance
    groups of words using similar consonant sounds
  97. Assonance
    groups of words using similar vowel sounds
  98. Allusion
    an indirect literary reference
  99. Most important issue in D.C. 1840-1860
    maintain the Union
  100. Other issues 1840-1860
    Slavery, women's rights
  101. Who lead the women's rights movement 1840-1860
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  102. What is transcendentalism?
    individualism, romanticism, nature
  103. transcendentalist leader?
    Ralph waldo emerson
  104. What group rebelled against transcendentalists?
  105. Utopia definition
    perfect society
  106. pros of trying to create a utopia?
    improved education, facilitated the ability to change society
  107. The Declaration of Rights and Sentiments
    written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton; similar to Declaration of Independence
  108. Why did ECS make Declaration of Sentiments similar to of Independence?
    to highlight the similartity of the request to the Declaration of Independence
  109. What was the Seneca Falls Convention?
    convention for women's rights, Wesleyan Chapel in NY, 19 and 20 July 1848
  110. Other major women's rights activist?
    Susan B. Anthony
  111. Hub for writing 1840-1860
    Boston and Cambridge Massachusetts
  112. In what city did Susan B. Anthony live and die?
    New York City
  113. Moby Dick
    by Herman Mehlville; Ishmael vs. Moby Dick; Essex was sunk by a whale
  114. Scarlet Letter
    Nathaniel Hawthorne; people are prone to sin
Card Set
Lane Final 1st sem
first semester english final