1. mental illness
    a disorder of the mind that is judged by experts to interfere substantially with a person's ability to cope with life on a daily basis
  2. mental disorder
    does not imply that a person is sick, to be pitied, or even less responsible for his/her actions
  3. intellectual disability
    formerly known as mental retardation - a cognitive deficiency that cannot be cured
  4. delusions
    false beliefs about the world
  5. Hallucinations
    • sensing or perceiving things or events that others do not sense or perceive
    • - most common are auditory hallucinations
  6. delusional disorder
    characterized by the presence of one of more nonbizarre delusions that persist for at least one month
  7. adjudicative competence
    relates to the ability to participate in a wide variety of court proceedings and court-related activities
  8. insanity defense
    a legal term referring to a person's state of mind at the time of an offense was committed so serve that the person should not be held responsible
  9. Standards of Criminal responsibility
    • 1. The M'Naghten rule
    • 2. the Brawner rule & American law Institute Rule
    • 3. Durham Rule
    • 4. The Insanity Defense Reform Act (IDRA)
  10. The M'Naghten rule
    a person is not responsible for a criminal act if it was because of some mental disease, and did not know right from wrong at the time of an unlawful act (or did not know what he/she did wrong)
  11. The Brawner rule & American Law Institute Rule
    a person is not responsible for criminal conduct if it was a result of mental disease or defect, he lacks substantial capacity to either appreciate the criminality of his conduct or conform his conduct to the requirements of the law
  12. Durham rule
    assumes that one cannot be held responsible if an unlawful action is the product of mental disease or defect
  13. The Insanity Defense Reform Act (IDRA)
    a person charged with criminal offense should be found NGRI if it is shown that, as a result of mental disease/retardation, he was unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his conduct at the time of offense
  14. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
    Development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to one or more traumatic events
  15. Battered women syndrome
    a variant of PTSD, when a woman may claim that the abuse was so extensive that in a dissociative state brought by the disorder, she killed the abuser
  16. Dissociative Amnesia
    cannot recall previously learned information or past events
  17. duty to protest
    therapist need not directly warn the individual, but he/she should take steps to protect the individual from harm
  18. structured professional judgement (SPJ)
    • a combination of clinical and actuarial approaches
    • recommends that clinicians abide by established guidelines for conducting an assessment of whether an individual is likely to be violent
  19. Actuarial approach
    measures risk or needs factors in which the individual is evaluated
  20. Unstructured Clinical
    • highly subjective
    • based on clinical experience; clinician may have little experience with type of offender
    • unknown as to which factors are taken into account
    • little support in empirical literature
  21. Development of risk measures
    • 1st generation
    • 2nd generation
    • 3rd generation
    • 4th generation
  22. 1st generation
    based on unstructured clinical judgement, with little or no statistical basis
  23. 2nd generation measures
    • more standardized method of assessing risk
    • uses primarily statistic variables (Ex:// age, gender etc
  24. 3rd generation
    • risk assessment instruments introduced criminogenic needs
    • to identify needs that could be targeted to reduce risk (ex:// factors that could respond to treatment)
  25. 4th generation instruments
    more attuned to the treatment or rehab process
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