Lane Final 1st sem

  1. war of the roses
    war between families for the English throne
  2. How was the war of the roses resolved
    Tudors won control, Henry Tudor got control
  3. What is the Church of England
    Catholicism w/ divorce
  4. Why was religion unstable during and after Henry VIII's reign?
    Citizens split between Catholicism and Protestantism; power shifted
  5. What year did Columbus sail?
  6. Who sponsored Columbus and from what country were they?
    Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain
  7. When was Jamestown settled?
  8. What crop made settlement in Jamestown profitable?
  9. When did the Mayflower sail?
  10. What is the difference between Puritans and Separatists?
    Puritans-fix church in England; Separatists-leave
  11. Who went on the Mayflower?
    separatists, William Bradford
  12. Why did Puritans write nonfiction but not fiction?
    They did not value imagination or entertainment
  13. myth
    traditional story explaining history of people or mysterious phemomenon
  14. ethnography
    study of characteristics of various peoples and differences/relationships between; branch of anthropology
  15. what information is known about the attitude of Christopher Colombus from Howard Zinn's research?
    Columbus treated the natives brutally, was willing to lie about presence of gold for what he wanted
  16. what were the implications of the early voyages from Europe to the Americas for Europe and the rest of the world?
    earth is bigger than they thought, more land to be fought over
  17. The General History of Virginia
    written by John Smith
  18. John Smith's involvement with Jamestown
    Negotiated with natives, traded with natives, founded colony
  19. Of Plymouth Plantation
    written by William Bradford
  20. William Bradford's involvement with the Mayflower
    travelled on it to Plymouth
  21. "To My Dear and Loving Husband" and "Upon the Burning of Our House"
    written by Anne Bradstreet
  22. Why is Anne Bradstreet important to American literature?
    First American to publish a volume of poetry
  23. How did Anne Bradstreet's beliefs influence her writing?
    She believed men were superior to women, her work became less sophisticated in style as she spend more time in America
  24. "To My Dear and Loving Husband"
    praises her husband
  25. "Upon the BUrning of Our House"
    Theme: material possesions
  26. Lyric poetry
    expresses deep feelings or emotion
  27. connotation
    an idea or quality that a word makes you think about in addition to its meaning
  28. Huswifery
    written by Edward Taylor, conceit that compares housework to God
  29. Conceit
    a fanciful expression in writing or speech; elaborate metaphor
  30. The Wonders of the Invisible World
    written by Cotton Mather, defined witchcraft as planned by the devil
  31. How long has the notion of witchraft been around?
    thousands of years
  32. Why were women always associated with witchcraft?
    healing, cooking, childbirth
  33. After the Salem Witch Trials, what change occurred in the American Justice System?
    guilty until proven innocent>innocent until proven guilty
  34. "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
    spoken by Jonathon Edwards, 'you're all terrible and lucky to not be in Hell'
  35. How did listeners first react to "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God?"
    Frenzied, very extreme responses
  36. What did Jonathon Edwards try to "read" for spiritual truth?
  37. Why did attitudes change from the 1760s to the mid 1770s?
    7 years war, sugar Act, Tea Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Intolerable Acts
  38. How did the colonies justify their break with England?
    The felt that their basic rights had been revoked and self government was optimal
  39. What specific events precipitated this breakup?
    7 years war, sugar Act, Tea Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Intolerable Acts
  40. What is the the of Enlightenement?
    Reason was valued above all else
  41. When did the Revolutionary War begin?
    April 19, 1775
  42. When did the Revolutionary War end?
    Cornwallis surrendered in 1781 at Yorktown, Treaty of Paris signed September 3, 1783
  43. The Autobiography and Poor Richard's almanac
    written by Benjamin Franklin
  44. The Autobiography
    Ben Franklin was supposed to be a minister, was a printer, and the book ends in 1757 (unfinished).
  45. Poor Richard's Almanac
    Divided a year into months and days; contained useful information like tides and sunrise, contained aphorisms
  46. What evidence exists that Ben Franklin was influenced by Puritan ethic?
    He tried to make himself morally perfect
  47. What evidence exists that Ben Franklin was influenced by the Age of Reason?
    wrote, invented, etc.
  48. What is an aphorism?
    truth or opinion expressed in a witty manner; proverb; "if it ain't broke, don't fix it"
  49. Speech in the Virginia Convention
    spoken by Patrick Henry, drove colonies toward war
  50. parallelism
    fact of being similar in development or form
  51. Patrick Henry's famous quote
    "I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me libety or give me death!"
  52. The Crisis, Number 1
    written by Thomas Paine, compared England's treatment of colonies to slavery, pushed for Independence
  53. What evidence was used in the Crisis Number 1?
    References to God and simple language were used; argued that Britain was 'playing God'
  54. "To His Excellency, General Washington"
    by Phyllis Wheatley, personified America as a woman; Phyllis Wheatley was a female former slave who was well educated
  55. Declaration of Independence
    primary author Thomas Jefferson, addressed England, 27 grievances-defined conflicts
  56. Letters from an American Farmer
    by J. Hector St. John de Crevecouer, described America as a place of hope
  57. Epistle
    A composition in the form of a letter
  58. Interesting Narrative of the Life of ____
    written by Olaudah Equiano, targeted abolitionists, end goal was to end slavery
  59. What method of writing was invented and developed during 1800-1840?
  60. what major events led to the growth of America in the early 1800s?
    Industrial revolution
  61. Who was the people's president?
    Andrew Jackson
  62. What is the Trail of Tears?
    Cherokee removal passage from anywhere east of the mississippi to oklahoma
  63. What was the significance of the War of 1812?
    America gained free trade and ended British impressment
  64. Who was America's first professional author to gain an international reputation?
    Washington Irving
  65. What is romance literature?
    literature with an emphasis on emotion with individualism, nature
  66. what other art forms were influenced by the Romantic movement?
    music, painting
  67. What is the difference between Romantic writing and and revolutionary era writing?
    revolutionary writing was almost entirely political
  68. What is a knickerbocker?
    New Yorker
  69. "The Devil and Tom Walker"
    written by Washington Irving, Tom likes stuff more than his wife, charges unfair rates and gets caught
  70. folk tales
    stories passed down through generations verbally
  71. Other works by Washington Irving
    "Legend of Sleepy Hollow," "Rip Van Winkle"
  72. What inspired Washington Irving's work?
    German folktales
  73. "Thanatopsis"
    written by William Cullen Bryant, author finds comfort in that everybody lives and dies
  74. thanatopsis
    meditation on death
  75. romanticism
    emphasizes imagination and emotion
  76. The Single Effect
    The idea that the story should focus on one emotional effect on the reader and everything should serve that
  77. "The Raven"
    Poe, Raven knocks and stays there; Lenore
  78. "The Fall of the House of Usher"
    Poe, Roderick Usher invites friend, lock away living sister, both Ushers die
  79. Alliteration
    consecutive initial consonant sounds
  80. Consonance
    groups of words using similar consonant sounds
  81. Assonance
    groups of words using similar vowel sounds
  82. Allusion
    an indirect literary reference
  83. Most important issue in D.C. 1840-1860
    maintain the Union
  84. Other issues 1840-1860
    Slavery, women's rights
  85. Who lead the women's rights movement 1840-1860
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  86. What is transcendentalism?
    individualism, romanticism, nature
  87. transcendentalist leader?
    Ralph waldo emerson
  88. What group rebelled against transcendentalists?
  89. The Declaration of Rights and Sentiments
    written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton; similar to Declaration of Independence
  90. Why did ECS make Declaration of Sentiments similar to of Independence?
    to highlight the similartity of the request to the Declaration of Independence
  91. What was the Seneca Falls Convention?
    convention for women's rights, Wesleyan Chapel in NY, 19 and 20 July 1848
  92. Other major women's rights activist?
    Susan B. Anthony
  93. In what city did Susan B. Anthony live and die?
    New York City
  94. Moby Dick
    by Herman Mehlville; Ishmael vs. Moby Dick; Essex was sunk by a whale
  95. Scarlet Letter
    Nathaniel Hawthorne;
Card Set
Lane Final 1st sem
Lane first semester