Ab Psych - Substance Abuse

  1. Addictive Disorders, choose four (Name prevalence sex-ratio)
    • Drugs (~25%; 60% male)
    • Eating (~7%; 70% female)
    • Shopping (~4%; 85% female)
    • Gambling (~2.4%; 65% male)
    • Sex/Pornography (~2%; 70% male)
    • Videogame (~2%; 65% male)
    • Chat lines (~1%; equal sex ratio)
    • Exercise (~1%; equal sex ratio)
  2. Levels of substance involvement
    Use, Intoxication, Abuse, Dependance
  3. Substance Use
    Ingestion of psychoactive substances to an extent not affecting social or occupational wellbing
  4. Three most commonly abused substances (in order)
    Alcohol, Tobacco, Cannibis
  5. Age range with heighest percent of heavy users
  6. Regions with highest Cannibis abuse
    North America, Europoe, Australia
  7. Regions with heighest amphetamine abuse
    USA, England, Australia
  8. Regions with highest Opiate abuse
  9. Substance intoxication
  10. Substance Abuse
    Substance use causing disruption
  11. Physiological dependance features
    Tolerance, Withdrawal
  12. Psychological dependance
    Drug seeking
  13. Physiological effects of sustained substance use
    Sensitivity, Tolerance, Withdrawal, Brain damage, Neurotransmitter function
  14. DSM-V Criteria of substance abuse
    • Unintended overconsumption
    • Consistently failed attempts to control use
    • Spending large amounts of time doing drugs or drug-related things
    • Failure to fulfill obligations
    • Cravings
    • Using in spite of health concerns arising from substance
    • Continuing despite negative health effects
    • Continuing despite negative social effects
    • Repeated use in dangerous situations Reducing activities in life in favour of the substance, tolerance, withdrawal
  15. Five categories of drug abuse
    Depressants, Stimulants, Opiates, Hallucinogens
  16. Behavioural effects of Alcohol
    Depressed inhibition, progressively more brain regions affected, agression
  17. Alcohol Neurotransmitters
    GABA (Chattiness), Glutamate (Memory), Serotonin (Cravings/Addiction), Dopamine (Pleasure), Opioid system (Analgesics)
  18. Sedative-Hypnotics and Anxiolytics (Examples)
    Barbiturates, Benzodiazipines
  19. Barbiturates
    Relaxation, Feelings of wellbeing, Slurred speech, trouble walking, poor concentration
  20. Benzodiazipines
    High, Reduced inhibitions, similar withdrawals to alcohol
  21. Sedative-Hypnotics and Anxiolytics (Prevalence and Gender ratio)
    4% Higher rates in women, also elderly and smokers
Card Set
Ab Psych - Substance Abuse