Hindi Present Tense Verbs

  1. First Person Singular
    (Masculine and Feminine)
    • I
    • x= verb root
    • Masculine- मैं xता हूँ। (main [x]ta huun.)
    • Feminine- मैं xती हूँ। (main [x]thii huun.)
  2. First Person Plural
    (Masculine and Feminine)
    • We
    • x= verb root
    • Masculine- हम xते हैं। (ham [x]te hain.)
    • Feminine- हम xती हैं। (ham [x]thii hain.)
  3. Second Person Singular
    (Masculine and Feminine)
    • You
    • x= verb root
    • Masculine-तू xता है (tuu [x]ta hai)
    • Feminine- तू xती है (tuu [x]thii hai)
  4. Second Person Plural
    (Masculine and Feminine)
    • You
    • x= verb root
    • Masculine-तुम xते हो (tum [x]te ho)/ आप xते हैं (aap [x]te hain)
    • Feminine- तुम xती हो (tum [x]thii ho)/ आप xती हैं (aap [x]thii hain)
  5. Third Person Singular
    (Masculine and Feminine)
    • He/She/It
    • x= verb root
    • Masculine-वह xता है। (vah [x]ta hai)
    • Feminine- वह xती है। (vah [x]thii hai)
  6. Third Person Plural
    (Masculine and Feminine)
    • They
    • x=verb root
    • Masculine-वे xते हैं। (ve [x]te hain).
    • Feminine-वे xती हैं। (ve [x]thii hain).
  7. When to use masculine or feminine?
    The appropriate form of the verb needs to match the gender of the noun being used.
  8. Difference between तू (tuu), तुम (tuum), and आप (aap)
    • तू (tuu)- Grammatically singular. Least formal. Only use with someone you know very well such as a relative.
    • तुम (tuum)- Grammatically plural but used as singular to be polite.
    • आप (aap)- Most formal, also plural. Use to be respectful. Always use around older people (grandparents, etc.)
Card Set
Hindi Present Tense Verbs
Hindi verb formulas in masculine and feminine. Devanagari with English pronunciation.