Stress and Health

  1. stressors
    specific events that place demands on a person
  2. stress
    the physical and psychological response to internal or external stressors
  3. chronic stressors
    sources of stress that occur continuously
  4. learned helplessness
    the belief that one has no control over one's situation based on past experiences
  5. flight or fight resonse
    an emotional and physiological reaction to an emergency that increases readiness for action
  6. general adaptation response
    a three-stage physiological stress response that appears regardless of the stressor that is encountered
  7. type A behavior
    the tendency toward easily aroused hostility, impatience, a sense of time urgency, and competitive achievement strivings
  8. burnout
    a state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion created by long-term involvement in an emotionally demanding situation
  9. repressive coping
    avoiding situations or thoughts that are reminders of a stressor and maintaining an artificially positive viewpoint
  10. rational coping
    facing the stressor and working to overcome it
  11. referaming
    finding a new or creative way to think about a stressor that reduces its threat
  12. meditation
    the practice of intentional contemplation
  13. relaxation therapy
    a technique for reducing body tension by consciously relaxing muscles of the body
  14. relaxation response
    a condition of reduced muscle tension, cortical activity, heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure
  15. social support
    the aid gain through interacting with others
  16. psychosomatic illlness
    an interaction between mind and body that can produce illness
  17. sick role
    a socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness
  18. self-regulation
    the exercise of voluntary control over the self to bring the self into line with preferred standards
  19. Hans Selye
    • General Adaptation syndrome, studied with rates and exposed them to stressors
    • Found that they have a similar pattern of response
  20. General Adaptation syndrome
    • alarm rxn-release cortisol, flight or fight, sympathetic system aroused
    • resistance- adapting to level of stress, immune function recovers
    • exhaustion stage, long stressor exposure wears down resistance, alarm rxn signs reappear
  21. Studies about stress and immune system
    • Barthrop- low immunity with high grief
    • Stone-daily life and antibody levels
    • Vistintainer- increase stress increase cancer
    • Kiecult-Glaser-stress of caring for someone with a chronic illnese delays would recovery
  22. hardiness
    • -sense of commitment rather than alienation
    • -control rather than powerlessness
    • -problems seen as challenges rather than threats
  23. Brady
    studied control: monkeys are executives(uses levers to stop pain), he didn't use random assignment
  24. Weiss
    studied control: used rats and electric shock
  25. Langar and Rodin
    • studied control: used nursing home residents
    • Control residents took care of plant and picked movies
    • they lived longer than the non-controled
  26. Kraur
    • studied internet usage:negatively correlated with communication with family and social circle
    • internet usage positively correlated with depressions and loneliness
  27. Social support and heart attack
    heart attack victims have slower recoveries if spouse is not supportive
  28. Cognitive Primary appraisal
    is this important to me?
  29. Cognitive Secondary appraisal
    what strategy can I use to maximize positive outcomes and minimize negative outcomes
  30. Coping Strategies
    • problem focused coping
    • emotion-focused coping- when you don't have control
  31. Coping techniques
    • thought suppression
    • relaxation
    • aerobic exercise
    • thinking positively and optimistically
  32. Explanatory styles
    • failure seen as global, stable, internal
    • success seen as external, temporary, specific
Card Set
Stress and Health