Week 2

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    simple, serrulate leaf w/ equal teeth
    dark stripes on bark
    • Amelanchier arborea
    • Rosaceae; serviceberry, shadbush, sarvis, Juneberrry
    • Fruit: pome (food for crows, squirrels, humans
    • "ground is soft enough
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    • Carya glabra var. glabra (smooth -referring to rachis)
    • Juglandaceae (Walnut family); pignut hickory
    • *fruit: nut (thin husk, pig snout)
    • squirrels, chipmunks, wood ducks eat nut
    • wood sold as "pecan" (furniture)
    • striking tool handles, railroad ties, charcoal,
    • excellent firewood
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    shaggy bark can be peeled from ends
    5 or 7 leaflets
    *spherical nut
    • Carya glabra var. ordata
    • Juglandaceae; red hickory, false shagbark hickory
    • *fruit: nut (spherical)
    • some dendrologists classify as separate species Carya ovalis
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    hairy rachis
    *nut has thick husk
    rounded bark ridges
    5-9 leaflets, usually 7
    • Carya tomentosa (densely woolly - referring to rachis)
    • Juglandaceae; mockernut hickory, white hickory
    • *fruit: nut (thick husk)
    • food for squirrels, crows, humans
    • aromatic hairs
    • striking tools, pecan wood
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    small tree,
    leaves opposite, entire, decussate (pairs rotated 90 deg. from each other)
    • Chionanthus virginicus (of VA)
    • Oleaceae (Olive family); fringetree, old man's beard (both refer to flowers)
    • fruit: drupe
    • no wood value, maybe landscaping
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    leaves opposite, entire
    veins arcuate (follow margins)
    flower bud at branch tip
    bark has small cobbles
    • Cornus florida (flowering)
    • Cornaceae (Dogwood); flowering dogwood, dogwood
    • fruit: red drupe
    • grouse, turkey, songbirds
    • rabbits eat inner bark
    • dense wood formerly used to make shuttles for weaving
    • many are dying from dogwood anthracnose
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    grows in colonies, 2-3 ft tall
    similar to blueberries
    yellow resin under leaves!
    • Gaylussacia frondosa (?)
    • Ericaceae (Heath); dangleberry, huckleberry
    • fruit: berry
    • eaten by songbirds, upland game birds, humans
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    milk sap from leaf stem
    pubescent underside
    some leaves very large, round
    • Morus rubra (red)
    • Moraceae (Mulberry); red mulberry
    • fruit: drupelets
    • eaten by songbirds, raccoons, opossum, squirrels, humans
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    single main stem, w/ 90 deg. branches
    gray bark cobbles with age
    often hollow trunk
    diaphragmed twig
    • Nyssa sylvatica
    • Cornaceae or Nyssaceae; blackgum
    • similar to persimmon, but leaf more obovate (fatter towards tip)
    • fruit: drupe
    • black bear, woodpeckers eat fruit
    • bee tree
    • hollow trunk good for wildlife and for making troughs
    • low commercial value
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    yellow bark under outer gray scales
    *small cone, different scale stripe
    • Pinus echinata (spiny)
    • Pinaceae; shortleaf pine
    • *small cone, weak prickles
    • same lumber and wildlife value as loblolly
    • wood is denser
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    ski trails in bark
    deeply lobed leaves
    feathery canopy
    *acorn cap folds in, scale tips aligned
    • Quercus coccinea (scarlet - fall color)
    • Fagaceae (Beech); scarlet oak
    • *fruit: nut
    • young shoots and acorns poisonous to livestock
    • raw acorns should not be eaten by humans
    • numerous dead branches, low commercial value
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    bark rough, furrowed
    young leaves fat w/ loose hairs,
    sun leaves lobed, glabrous
    *edge of nut cap slightly fringed
    • Quercus velutina (velvety - young leaf hairs)
    • Fagaceae; black oak, quercitron
    • *fruit: nut
    • wood and wildlife value similar to other red oaks
    • Inner bark produces yellow dye
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    silver bark (sometimes w/ vertical lines)
    tasty leaves
    chambered pith
    alternate leaves look whorled
    • Symplocos tinctoria (containing dye)
    • Symplocaceae (Sweetleaf); sweetleaf, horse-sugar
    • fruit: green drupe
    • leaves, fruits, inner bark contain yellow dye
    • deer browse foliage
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    tree-like shrub forms colonies
    twigs brown ALL around
    flaky bark
    • Vaccinium arboreum
    • Ericaceae (Heath); sparkleberry, farkleberry
    • fruit; berry (tasteless)
    • our largest blueberry
    • least wildlife value
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    twigs green for several years
    small shrub
    small, alt, simple leaves
    small red buds
    • Vaccinium sp.
    • Ericaceae; blueberry
    • fruit: berry (blue, black, rarely red)
    • grouse, songbirds, black bear, chipmunks, humans like fruit
    • deer eat foliage
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    forms colonies
    <6ft shrub
    opposite SOFT leaves, 3-lobed "maple" leaf or NO lobes
    • Viburnum acerifolium (maple leaved)
    • Adoxaceae or Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle); maple-leaf viburnum
    • fruit: drupe (cyme)
    • fruits eaten by wildlife in late fall/winter, after others are gone
    • our most common viburnum
Card Set
Week 2
Lake Johnson I: Dry-mesic Oak-Hicklroy community