Identify in order of precedence the types of Joint Doctrine
- • Multinational
- • Joint
- • Multiservice
- • Service
Define multinational Doctrine.
Agreed upon fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more nations in coordinated action toward a common objective which is ratified by participation nations
Define Joint Doctrine.
Fundamental principles that guide the employment of United States military forces in coordinated action toward a common objective which is PROMULGATED by the CJCS
Define Multiservice Doctrine.
Fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of two or more services in coordinated action toward a common objective which Signatory services are the proponents
Define Service Doctrine.
Fundamental principles that guide the employment of forces of a single service prepared under the direction of the Service Chiefs of Staff
Define Unified Action.
the synchronization, coordination, and / or integration of the activities of governmental and nongovernmental entities with military operations to achieve unity of effort.
Identify the types of Command Relationships and describe briefly.
- COCOM- the command authority over assigned forces, vested only in the commanders of combatant commands by and cannot be delegated or transferred.
- OPCON- the authority to perform those functions of command over subordinate forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction necessary to accomplish the mission, "Able to be delegated from a lesser authority than COCOM"TACON is the authority over forces that is limited to the detailed direction and control of movements or maneuvers within the operational area necessary to accomplish missions or tasks assigned.”
- Support - command authority. A support relationship is established by a common superior commander between subordinate commanders when one organization should aid, protect, complement, or sustain another force
What does Supported Commander determine?
what, where, and when the supports required
What does the Supporting Commander determine.
who and how and provides connectivity to the forces
State the operational chain of command.
- President and Secretary of Defense exercise authority, direction, and control of operational forces through Combatant Commanders (CCDR)
- • CCDRs are assigned by the President with the advice of the SecDef
- • CCDR exercise COCOM over assigned forces or Service Component Commands
President and Secretary of Defense exercise authority, direction, and control of the Armed Forces through two distinct branches of the chain of command. What are they?
What is Unity of command?
The operation of all forces under a single responsible commander who has the requisite authority to direct and employ those forces in pursuit of a common purpose
What is Unity of effort?
Coordination and cooperation toward common objectives, even if the participants are not necessarily part of the same command or organization, which is the product of successful unified action
What are the Categories of Support?
- • General Support
- • Direct Support
- • Mutual Support
- • Close Support
Identify the Marine Corps’ organization and command structure.
- The Organization is
- Supporting Establishment - Assists in the training, sustainment, equipping, end embarkation of forces
- Operating Forces- Consists of forces assigned primarily to Combatant Commanders. Typically organized in Marine Air Ground Task Forces (MAGTFs)
- Marine Corps Forces Reserve- Reserve forces that can be activated or recalled to active duty.
Identify the USMC’s warfighting philosophy.
- Maneuver Warfare
- -Firepower and mobility
- -Combined arms (Role of Marine aviation)
Identify the four MAGTF sizes, and list them according to combat power and capability.
- Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF)- Principle warfighting organization and the largest/most capable.
- Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB)- Able to respond to crisis and contingencies, serves as joint enablers by Amphibious Task Force and By Maritime Prepositioning Squadron (MPS)
- Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU)- On-scene, On-call, Immediately employable as well as Capable of conducting conventional and select maritime special purpose missions.
- Special Purpose MAGTF- the smallest and formed to accomplish a specific mission, operation or exercise and Typically formed to support combatant commander engagements, security cooperation and civil-military operations.
Describe the reason why aviation is vital to the USMC.
USMC aviation is essential to combined fires in the MAGTF and because Ground combat element is relatively light with limited organic fire.
Identify the USMC personnel qualified to control CAS and where they are typically located.
JTACs and FAC(A)’s are the only qualified individuals to control CAS.
- They are usually found in
- TACP- Tactical Air Control Party
- ANGILCO- Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company
Identify the four types of decisive action in Unified Land Operations
- Offensive- Movement to contact, attack, exploit and pursue
- Defensive- Area and mobile defense, retrograde
- Stability-Civil security ad control, restore service, governance and economic infrastructure
- Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA)- support domestically
Identify the Army Core Competencies
- Combined Arms Maneuver – the application of the elements of combat power in unified action to defeat enemy ground forces
- Wide Area Security – the application of the elements of combat power in unified action to protect populations, forces, infrastructure and activities
Identify the six tenets of Unified Land Operations. (FILADS)
Identify the three types of brigade combat teams
Identify the primary mission.
Primary Mission is to maintain, train and equip combat- ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas”
Identify nine USN Mission Areas.
- Air warfare (AW)
- Surface Warfare (SUW)
- Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)
- Strike Warfare (STW)
- Amphibious Warfare (AMW)
- Mine Warfare (MIW)
- Expeditionary Warfare (EXW)
- Strategic Warfare (STW)
- Logistics (LOG)
Identify the missions that are considered power projection.
- Strike Warfare (STW)
- Amphibious Warfare (AMW)
What are the six core capabilities of the US Navy.
- Forward presence
- Sea Control
- Power Projection
- Maritime Security
- HA/DR-Humanitarian Assistance, Disaster Response
Identify seven tenets of air and space power.
- Centralized control / decentralized execution
- Flexibility and versatility
- Synergistic effects
Counterair integrates offensive and defensive operations to attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority and protection by neutralizing or destroying enemy aircraft and missiles, both before and after launch
Define air interdiction.
Air operations conducted to divert, disrupt, delay, or destroy the enemy’s military surface capabilities before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces, or to otherwise achieve objectives conducted at such distances from friendly forces that detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of friendly forces is not required.
Identify basic Air Force organizational elements.
- Headquarters, US Air Force- Senior HQ, Secretariat, Air Staff
- Major Commands (MAJCOMs)(Lead, Component MAJCOM)-Organize, train and equip
- Numbered Air Forces (NAFs/Component-NAFs)- Senior USAF war fighting echelon
- Wings (Operational, Air Base, Specialized)- One base, one wing, one boss concept
- Groups- Collections of squadrons with similar functions
- Squadrons- Basic fighting unit of the Air Force
What is the difference between Centralized control / decentralized execution?
- Centralized control is Oldest tenet of airpower and keystone in modern warfare, Fundamental organizing principles, Controlled by a single Airman, and is commanding airpower
- Decentralized execution is Delegation of authority to designated lower-level commanders, Essential to achieve effective span of control, and Foster initiative, situational responsiveness and flexibility
Define strategic attack.
Offensive action specifically selected to achieve national strategic objectives.
airpower operations against enemy land force capabilities to create effects that achieve JFC objectives
Define close proximity.
Close proximity does not represent a specific distance The word “close” is situational and requires detailed integration and terminal attack control (TAC) based on friendly force proximity to enemy targets
Define detailed integration.
A level of coordination required to achieve desired effects while minimizing the risk of fratricide from either surface fires or air delivered weapons
Define close air support.
air action by fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and requires detailed integration of each air mission with the fire an movement of those forces.
Explain how the SOF staff entities liaison and integrate with the land and air component commands during peacetime and wartime.
- When special operations forces (SOF) operate in conjunction with or close to conventional Army forces or ground forces, a special operations command and control element (SOCCE) is established to synchronize joint land operations and harmonize actions between the SOF and conventional force elements.
- The SOLE (Special Operations Liaison Element) is the liaison organization linking special operations air with the conventional air component