A&P Test Chapter 1

  1. Study of the body's structures by systems such as the nervous
    and muscular systems.
    Systemic Anatomy
  2. Study of the body's organization by areas; the approach used in
    most medical schools.
    Regional Anatomy
  3. Study of external features that serve as landmarks to locate
    deeper structures.
    Surface Anatomy
  4. The scientific discipline that deals with the processes or
    functions of living things.
  5. Study of the bodys structure.
  6. Physiology - Form Follows Function
    Bones are long and hard and therefore provide movement and architecture.
  7. Condition, such as body temperature, that can change in value.
  8. The ideal, normal value of a variable maintained by
    homeostatic mechanisms.
    Set Point
  9. Slight increase or decrease of a variable around its set point.
    Normal Range
  10. Monitors the value of a variable such as blood pressure.
  11. Establishes the set point around which the value of a variable is
    maintained; part of the brain is an example.
    Control Center
  12. Can change the value of a variable; for example, the heart can
    change blood pressure.
  13. Maintains homeostasis by resisting or reducing any deviation
    from the set point.
    Negative Feedback
  14. When a deviation from a normal value occurs, the response is
    to make the deviation even greater.
    Positive Feedback
  15. Medical therapy seeks to overcome illness by aiding this type of
    Negative Feedback
  16. Increases heart rate in response to a decrease in blood pressure.
    Negative Feedback
  17. Decreases the ability of the heart to pump following blood loss.
    Positive Feedback
  18. Stretch of the uterus causes uterine contractions during
    Positive Feedback
  19. A structure within a cell that performs one or more specific
  20. The basic living unit of all plants and animals.
  21. A group of cells with similar structure and function plus the
    extracellular substances located between them.
  22. Two or more tissue types that together perform one or more
    common functions.
  23. Hierarchical Oganization - Smallest to Largest
    Atoms, Molecules, Organelles, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism
  24. Organ system that consists of glands such as the pituitary and
    thyroid glands; a major regulatory system.
  25. Cavity surrounded by the rib cage, bounded inferiorly by the
    diaphragm, and divided into right and left parts by the
    Thoracic Cavity
  26. Cavity bounded primarily by the abdominal muscles and the
    superior bones of the pelvis.
    Abdominal Cavity
  27. Small space enclosed by the bones of the pelvis.
    Pelvic Cavity
  28. Cavity containing the heart and lungs.
    Thoracic Cavity
  29. Cavity containing the stomach and kidneys.
    Abdominal Cavity
  30. Cavity containing the urinary bladder and internal
    reproductive organs.
    Pelvic Cavity
  31. Portion of a serous membrane in contact with an organ.
  32. Portion of a serous membrane that lines a trunk cavity.
  33. Serous membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the
    thoracic cavity.
    Pleural Membrane
  34. Serous membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities
    and covers their organs.
    Peritoneal Membrane
  35. Double-layered serous membrane that anchors some abdominal
    organs to the body wall.
  36. Location of organs covered only by parietal peritoneum.
  37. Makes up the ventral body cavity. (2)
    Thoracic and Abdominal
  38. Cavities are seperated by the diaphram within ventral body cavity.
    Thoracic and Abdominal
  39. Makes up the dorsal body cavity. (2)
    Cranial and Spinal.
  40. Definition & Example

    Toward the right side of the body.

    The right ear.
  41. Definition & Example

    Towards the left side of the body.

    The left ear.
  42. Definition & Example


    The nose is ________ to the forehead.
  43. Definition & Example


    The mouth is ________ to the chin.
  44. Definition & Example

    To go before/Toward the front of the body.

    The teeth are __________ to the throat.
  45. Definition & Example

    Following/Toward the back of the body.

    The brain is __________ to the eyes.
  46. Definition & Example

    Back/Towards the back.

    The spine is ________ to the breastbone.
  47. Definition & Example

    Belly/Toward the belly.

    The navel is ________ to the spine.
  48. Definition & Example

    Nearest/Closer to a point of attachment.

    The elbow is ________ to the wrist.
  49. Definition & Example

    To be distant/Farther from a point of attachment.

    The knee is _____ to the hip.
  50. Definition & Example

    Side/Away from the midline.

    The nipple is _______ to the breastbone.
  51. Definition & Example

    Middle/Toward the midline of the body.

    The bridge of the nose is _______ to the eye.
  52. Definition & Example

    Surface/Towards or on the surface.

    The skin is _______ to the muscle.
  53. Definition & Example

    Away from the surface.

    The lungs are _____ to the ribs.
  54. Definition

    Outer Layer
  55. Definition

    Centurally Located
  56. Runs vertically through the body and divides it into right and
    left parts.
    Sagittal Plane
  57. Runs parallel to the surface of the ground and divides the body
    into superior and inferior parts.
    Transverse Plane
  58. Runs vertically through the body and divides it into anterior
    and posterior parts.
    Frontal (coronal) Plane
  59. A cut through the long axis of an organ.
    Longitudinal Section
  60. A cut at a right angle to the long axis of an organ.
    Transverse (cross) Section
  61. A cut across the long axis of an organ at any angle other than a
    right angle.
    Oblique Section
  62. Plane that divides into equal left and right sides.
Card Set
A&P Test Chapter 1
Chapters 1