Venous drainage

  1. Veins are generally _______ than arteries in the same tissue area
    larger and more numerous
  2. The internal jugular vein drains the _____ as well as _______
    • brain
    • most of the other tissue of the head and neck
  3. the external jugular vein drains
    a small part of the extracranial tissue
  4. The facial vein drains into the
    internal jugular vein
  5. The facial vein begins at the ________with the junction of two veins from the frontal region, ________
    • medial corner of the eye
    • the supratrochlear vein and supraorbital vein
  6. The supraorbital vein also anastomoses with the
    ophthalmic veins
  7. The ophthalmic veins drain
    the orbit
  8. the facial vein anastomoses with the ________ in the infratemporal fossa and _________ before joining the ________ at the ________
    • pterygoid plexus of veins
    • retromandibular vein
    • internal jugular vein
    • level of the hyoid bone
  9. Three important facial veins in the oral region are the ______ that drains the upper lip, the ________ which drains the lower lip and the ________ that drains the _________
    • superior labial vein
    • inferior labial vein
    • submental vein
    • tissue of the chin as well as the submandibular region
  10. lingual veins include branches that drain
    the tongue and the floor of the mouth
  11. Name the lingual veins and what they drain
    • dorsal lingual vein drains the dorsal surface of the tongue
    • deep lingual vein drains the  ventral surface of the tongue
    • sublingual vein drains the floor of the mouth
  12. The lingual veins may drain indirectly into the ______ or directly into the ________
    • facial vein
    • internal jugular vein
  13. The retromandibular vein emerges from the ______ and is formed from the merger of the ______ and the _____ vein
    • parotid salivary gland
    • superficial temporal vein and deep maxillary
  14. The anterior division of the retromandibular vein joins
    the facial vein
  15. After the retromandibular vein is joined by the _________ vein, which drains the _______, this posterior division of the retromandibular veins becomes the _______
    • posterior auricular
    • lateral scalp posterior to the ear
    • external jugular vein
  16. The superficial temporal vein drains the
    lateral scalp
  17. The maxillary vein or internal maxillary vein is deeper than the _______ and begins in the _________ by collecting blood from the ________
    • superficial temporal vein
    • infratemporal fossa
    • pterygoid plexus
  18. ˜Through the pterygoid plexus, the maxillary vein receives the ___________, _________, ________, and other veins such as those from the _______
    • middle meningeal
    • posterior superior alveolar
    • inferior alveolar
    • nasal cavity and palate
  19. The pterygoid plexus of veins is a _______ located around the ______ and surrounding the _________ artery within the _______
    • collection of small anastomosing vessels
    • pterygoid muscles
    • second part (or pterygoid part) of the maxillary
    • infratemporal fossa
  20. The pterygoid plexus of veins protects the  maxillary artery by _____ and from being ______
    • filling or emptying during chewing
    • compressed during mastication
  21. The pterygoid plexus of veins anastomoses with the
    facial, and retromandibular veins and cavernous venous sinus
  22. The pterygoid plexus of veins are near maxillary tuberosity causing it to possibly be along with the _______
    • pierced by improper needle placement w/PSA block
    • maxillary artery
  23. the middle meningeal vein drains the
    dura mater of the meninges
  24. The pterygoid plexus of veins also drains the ___________, which is formed by the _________
    • posterior superior alveolar vein
    • merging of its dental and alveolar branches
  25. The dental branches of the posterior superior alveolar vein drain the
    pulp of the maxillary teeth
  26. The alveolar branches of the posterior alveolar vein drain the
    periodontium of the maxillary teeth, including the gingiva
  27. The inferior alveolar vein forms from the merging of
    its dental branches, alveolar branches, and mental branches in the mandible
  28. The dental branches of the inferior alveolar vein drain the
    pulps of the mandibular teeth
  29. The alveolar branches of the inferior alveolar vein drain the
    periodontium of the mandibular teeth, including the gingiva
  30. The mental branches of the _______ enter the _________ after draining the ______ , where they anastomose with branches of the ______
    • inferior alveolar vein
    • mental foramen
    • chin area
    • facial vein
  31. The venous sinuses in the brain are located in the _______ more specifically the _______
    • meninges
    • dura mater
  32. The venous sinus most important to dental care is the ______ located on both ________
    • cavernous sinus
    • lateral surfaces of the body of the sphenoid bone
  33. Each cavernous sinus communicates by anastomoses with the ________ and also with the ________ and _________, which anastomoses with the _______
    • contralateral sinus
    • pterygoid plexus of veins
    • superior ophthalmic vein
    • facial vein
  34. The _________ and _______ pass through the cavernous venous sinus
    • internal carotid artery
    • certain cranial nerves or their branches (III, IV, V1, V2, and VI)
  35. Image Upload 1
    cavernous sinus thrombosis
  36. The internal jugular vein originates in the ______ and leaves the skull through the ________
    • cranial cavity
    • jugular foramen
  37. The internal jugular vein receives veins from the
    lingual, sublingual, pharyngeal areas and facial vein
  38. The internal jugular vein runs with the _______ as well as the _______ in the ______
    • common carotid artery and its branches
    • vagus nerve
    • carotid sheath
  39. The internal jugular vein descends in the neck to merge with the
    subclavian vein
  40. Unlike the rest of the veins of the head and neck, the external jugular vein is the only one that ______, which are near its entry into the ______
    • has valves
    • subclavian vein
  41. The anterior jugular vein drains into the ______ before it joins the ________
    • external jugular vein (or directly into the subclavian vein)
    • subclavian vein
  42. ˜On each side of the body, the external jugular vein joins the ______, and then the internal jugular vein merges with the _______ to form the ______.
    • subclavian vein from the arm
    • subclavian vein
    • brachiocephalic vein
  43. The brachiocephalic veins unite to form the ________ and then travel to the _____
    • superior vena cava
    • heart
  44. the brachiocephalic veins are asymmetric because
    the superior vena cava is on the right side of the heart
  45. A vascular lesion is a clot or _______ formed on ______
    • thrombus
    • the inner vessel wall
  46. A thrombus (or thrombi) may dislodge from the inner vessel wall and travel as an
  47. Bacteria traveling in the blood can also cause
  48. hemorrhage
    large amounts of blood escaping into surrounding tissue without clotting
  49. A bruise or hematoma results when a blood vessel
    is injured and a small amount of the blood escapes into the surrounding tissue and then clots
Card Set
Venous drainage
Venous drainage