consonant triads ; dissonant triads
: M3 or m3
: d3 or A3
close position : open position
: the third and the fifth of each triad are arranged directly above the root
: fifth and third variously distributed in register in order to create a different effect.
first inversion ; second inversion
: third of the triad appears in the bass
: fifth in the bass
how to defy types of seventh cord?
we label seventh cords by their two most audible features : the type of triad (m M d) and the type of seventh above the root (m M d)
seventh chords invertion
: 3rd in bass
: 5th in bass
: 7th in bass
how to find the root in seventh chords?
the root of seventh chords is the upper note of the second.
how to label the figure bass of seventh chords?
what is hamorny analysis?
quality; root note's degree in the key; figured bass ( inversion)
stability of each triads
in major and minor triads, first position is less stable than root position
in diminish triads, first position is more stable than root position (because of third and sixth sound above)
in second position: major and minor triads are considered as dissonant ( because of they form a fourth above, and fourth is dissonant in counterpoint)
three basic categories of texture in tonal music
Monophonic texture: is defined as a single-line melody with no accompaniment.
Polyphonic or contrapuntal, texture
: is combination of two or more melodies so there is no clear distinction between melody and accompaniment
: is a cross between monophonic and polyphonic textures