1. consonant triads ; dissonant triads
    • CT: M3 or m3 
    • DT: d3 or A3
  2. close position : open position
    • close position : the third and the fifth of each triad are arranged directly above the root 
    • open position : fifth and third variously distributed in register in order to create a different effect.
  3. first inversion ; second inversion
    • first inversion: third of the triad appears in the bass
    • second inversion: fifth  in the bass
  4. slash
  5. dash
  6. how to defy types of seventh cord?
    we label seventh cords by their two most audible features : the type of triad (m M d)  and the type of seventh above the root (m M d)
  7. seventh chords invertion
    • first inversion : 3rd in bass
    • second inversion : 5th in bass 
    • third inversion : 7th in bass
  8. how to find the root in seventh chords?
    the root of seventh chords is the upper note of the second.
  9. how to label the figure bass of seventh chords?
    • 765432
    • 7
    • 65
    • 43
    • 2
  10. what is hamorny analysis?
    quality; root note's degree in the key; figured bass ( inversion)
  11. stability of each triads
    • in major and minor triads, first position is less stable than root position 
    • in diminish triads, first position is more stable than root position (because of third and sixth sound above)

    in second position: major and minor triads are considered as dissonant ( because of they form a fourth above, and fourth is dissonant in counterpoint)
  12. four-voice style
    • keyboard style
    • chorale style
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  13. three basic categories of texture in tonal music
    Monophonic texture: is defined as a single-line melody with no accompaniment. 

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    • Polyphonic or contrapuntal, texture : is combination of two or more melodies so there is no clear distinction between melody and accompaniment

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    • homophonic texture : is a cross between monophonic and polyphonic textures 

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