Intro to Theatre Design Tech Midterm

  1. Review tools!
    do it!
  2. Name three types of theatre in common use today
    • 1) proscenium
    • 2) thrust
    • 3) black box
  3. Name four kinds of drapes we commonly use on the Sitnik stage
    • 1) borders
    • 2) legs
    • 3)scrim
    • 4) main curtain
  4. What are the best ways to protect your eyes when welding?
    ANSI rated safety glasses
  5. Which is the true statement about hearing loss and protection?
    hearing damage will not heal over time
  6. A classmate is hurt in a shop accident. You should
    Check the surroundings, call security for help, care for your classmate
  7. Name three tools used to find and mark 90 degrees
    • 1) speed square
    • 2) t-square
    • 3) combination square
  8. Name two tools for measuring the length of a sheet of plywood
    • 1) tape measure
    • 2) steel ruler
  9. Name a saw used to rip plywood or lumber
    hand saw
  10. Name a tool used to make holes in wood
    screw gun with drill bit
  11. Name a tool used to smoothing and polishing wood
    orbital sander
  12. Name a tool that uses pnuematic power
  13. Name a tool that is used to tighten or loosen nuts and bolts
  14. Name the general kinds of wood used
    • stock
    • molding
    • plywood
  15. Milled directly from the tree. not an engineered product. Board of oak, stick of pine (hardwood and softwood). Most commonly used is white pine. Should be strong, lightweight, free of knots, splinter resistant, easy to work with, inexpensive.
    stock lumber
  16. Made from white pine or MDF.
  17. Made from laminating several layers of wood together. Grains of each layer are perpendicular to each other.
    Sheet goods (plywood)
  18. Why use plywood?
    strength, platforms
  19. Type of plywood. AKA Philippine mahogany. 3 layers of wood with a thin veneer on either side. Great painting surface.
  20. Type of plywood. Rarely used. Composed of wood chips, sawdust, and glue. Heavy and not very structural.
    Particle board
  21. Type of plywood. Orientated strand board. Composed of large chips and sawdust. Strong as plywood, but springy and ugly.
  22. Type of plywood. Also known as hardboard. Great for platforms (the brick layer in Sherlock)
  23. Type of plywood. Medium density fiber board. Finer grained, heavier version of particle board. Great painting surface. Take extra care when using it.
  24. Type of plywood. Heavy duty cardboard. Great for going around curves.
    Upson board
  25. Type of plywood. All of the layers go in the same direction. Rare, expensive, hard to find. Also known as bendi-board and wiggle-wood.
    Bendable plywood
  26. Type of plywood. Used to create columns.
  27. Name the types of metal
    • Steel
    • Aluminum
  28. Where does plastic come from?
    Petroleum by-products
  29. Types of plastic used
    • Acrylic (clear sheets)- was plexiglass in Sherlock
    • Epoxy- adhesive
    • Florocarbon- creates slick surface
    • Saturated polyester- gels on lights
    • Fiberglass- resin and sheets (cloth)
    • Polyethylene- ethefoam (flexible rods), reflective mylar
    • Polystyrene- styrofoam
    • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)- piping
    • Urethane- green foam stuff and soft packing foam
  30. What are fasteners?
    screws, washers, and nuts
  31. For platforms and flat construction. No ridges. Most common mechanical fasteners. Designated by the term penny. The longer it is, the higher the cost.
  32. Type of nail. Used for general construction. Big head, thick shank.
    Common nail
  33. Type of nail. Resists splitting, thinner shank.
    Box nail
  34. Type of nail. Tiny head. Thin shank.
    Finish nail
  35. Type of nail. Tiny common nail. Molding.
    Brad nail
  36. Type of nail. Designed to be pulled out.
    Double headed (AKA scaffold)
  37. Type of nail. Used for wood to steel construction.
    "T" nail
  38. Type of nail. Can be used for carpet, upholstery, decor, etc
    Tack nail
  39. Type of nail. Can be used to assemble a light weight frame.
    Corrugated fastener
  40. Type of screw. Threads do all the work. Most commonly used
    Drywall screw
  41. Type of screw. Strong than drywall screws.
    wood screw
  42. Type of screw. For thin sheets of metal to wood.
    Sheet metal screw
  43. Type of screw. Hex head. Threads are coarser.
    Lag screw
  44. Type of screw. Self tapping head, goes through wood easily.
    tek screw
  45. What are the strongest fasteners?
    bolts, washers, nuts
  46. Type of bolt. Works with wood
    Carriage bolt
  47. Type of bolt. General use bolt. Designed for metal
    Hex bolt
  48. Type of bolt. Used for metal to metal. Also wood to metal.
    Machine bolt
  49. Type of bolt. Good general use with a round or flat head.
    Stove bolt
  50. Type of washer. Keeps bolt from pulling through materials.
    Flat washer
  51. Type of washer. Keeps nut from spinning
    Lock washer
  52. Type of washer. Locks washer into material
    Torque washer
  53. Type of washer. Wide area washer
    Fender washer
  54. Type of nut. Basic nut (locks bolt into place)
    Hex nut
  55. What is a flat?
    • basic building element of a theatrical set
    • used to create walls
  56. What are the parts of all flats? *know diagram*
    rails, stiles, toggle bars, corner braces
  57. Top and bottom horizontal framing member of plats. Always extend to the perimeter of the flat. Used to counter gravity and facilitate movement.
  58. Vertical outside framing members of the flat
  59. Interior horizontal framing members of the flat. Keeps the stiles parallel. Provides support and attaching strips on hard-covered flats.
    Toggle bars
  60. Keep the flat square. Located on the bottom and upper corners on one side of the flat. Always the same side
    Corner braces
  61. How big should a flat be?
    • 1 foot to 6 feet high
    • 8 feet to 16 feet tall
  62. What is a broadway flat?
    • standard flat construction of a wooden frame with a fabric face that has not been altered in 500 years
    • sometimes they are hard-covered
    • obviously has not always been called a broadway-flat
  63. Fabrics usually used for flats are
    • Unbleached muslin (most commonly used, inexpensive)
    • linen canvas
    • cotton canvas
    • etc
  64. 99% of flats are covered with this. Inexpensive. Strong, takes paint well. Uniform shrinkage. Rips straight (across the grain)
    unbleached muslin
  65. Material that covers flats. Paints great. Shrinks less than unbleached muslin
    linen canvas
  66. heavier than muslin. paints like an artist canvas. used for platform covers and ground clothes.
    cotton canvas
  67. Size recipe (so muslin will shrink on flat)
    • 10 parts water
    • 1 part glue
    • 3/4 part paint
  68. What is best used for hard covered flats?
    luan does the best job
  69. Nailing pattern corner block
    Image Upload 1
  70. comes in variety of sizes
    easy to weld
    strong and homogenous
    used to create structures that are too delicate for wood
    mild steel
  71. great for welding frames for flats and platforms
    square and rectangular steel tube
  72. rigid or EMT
    non weight bearing
    easily bent into intricate shapes with a piper or conduit bender
    round tube (conduit)
  73. type of metal
    hard to work with
  74. flat stuff!!! hard covered/soft covered
    benefits of each
    • benefits blah blah
    • hardcovered is modern
  75. metal vs wood flats
    • metal= skill
    • wood= not as much skill
  76. platforms
  77. difference between broadway and hollywood flats
    hollywood flats are on edge
Card Set
Intro to Theatre Design Tech Midterm