Name three types of theatre in common use today
- 1) proscenium
- 2) thrust
- 3) black box
Name four kinds of drapes we commonly use on the Sitnik stage
- 1) borders
- 2) legs
- 4) main curtain
What are the best ways to protect your eyes when welding?
ANSI rated safety glasses
Which is the true statement about hearing loss and protection?
hearing damage will not heal over time
A classmate is hurt in a shop accident. You should
Check the surroundings, call security for help, care for your classmate
Name three tools used to find and mark 90 degrees
- 1) speed square
- 2) t-square
- 3) combination square
Name two tools for measuring the length of a sheet of plywood
- 1) tape measure
- 2) steel ruler
Name a saw used to rip plywood or lumber
Name a tool used to make holes in wood
screw gun with drill bit
Name a tool used to smoothing and polishing wood
Name a tool that uses pnuematic power
Name a tool that is used to tighten or loosen nuts and bolts
Name the general kinds of wood used
Milled directly from the tree. not an engineered product. Board of oak, stick of pine (hardwood and softwood). Most commonly used is white pine. Should be strong, lightweight, free of knots, splinter resistant, easy to work with, inexpensive.
Made from white pine or MDF.
Made from laminating several layers of wood together. Grains of each layer are perpendicular to each other.
Sheet goods (plywood)
Why use plywood?
Type of plywood. AKA Philippine mahogany. 3 layers of wood with a thin veneer on either side. Great painting surface.
Type of plywood. Rarely used. Composed of wood chips, sawdust, and glue. Heavy and not very structural.
Type of plywood. Orientated strand board. Composed of large chips and sawdust. Strong as plywood, but springy and ugly.
Type of plywood. Also known as hardboard. Great for platforms (the brick layer in Sherlock)
Type of plywood. Medium density fiber board. Finer grained, heavier version of particle board. Great painting surface. Take extra care when using it.
Type of plywood. Heavy duty cardboard. Great for going around curves.
Type of plywood. All of the layers go in the same direction. Rare, expensive, hard to find. Also known as bendi-board and wiggle-wood.
Type of plywood. Used to create columns.
Where does plastic come from?
Types of plastic used
- Acrylic (clear sheets)- was plexiglass in Sherlock
- Epoxy- adhesive
- Florocarbon- creates slick surface
- Saturated polyester- gels on lights
- Fiberglass- resin and sheets (cloth)
- Polyethylene- ethefoam (flexible rods), reflective mylar
- Polystyrene- styrofoam
- Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)- piping
- Urethane- green foam stuff and soft packing foam
What are fasteners?
screws, washers, and nuts
For platforms and flat construction. No ridges. Most common mechanical fasteners. Designated by the term penny. The longer it is, the higher the cost.
Type of nail. Used for general construction. Big head, thick shank.
Type of nail. Resists splitting, thinner shank.
Type of nail. Tiny head. Thin shank.
Type of nail. Tiny common nail. Molding.
Type of nail. Designed to be pulled out.
Double headed (AKA scaffold)
Type of nail. Used for wood to steel construction.
Type of nail. Can be used for carpet, upholstery, decor, etc
Type of nail. Can be used to assemble a light weight frame.
Type of screw. Threads do all the work. Most commonly used
Type of screw. Strong than drywall screws.
Type of screw. For thin sheets of metal to wood.
Sheet metal screw
Type of screw. Hex head. Threads are coarser.
Type of screw. Self tapping head, goes through wood easily.
What are the strongest fasteners?
bolts, washers, nuts
Type of bolt. Works with wood
Type of bolt. General use bolt. Designed for metal
Type of bolt. Used for metal to metal. Also wood to metal.
Type of bolt. Good general use with a round or flat head.
Type of washer. Keeps bolt from pulling through materials.
Type of washer. Keeps nut from spinning
Type of washer. Locks washer into material
Type of washer. Wide area washer
Type of nut. Basic nut (locks bolt into place)
What is a flat?
- basic building element of a theatrical set
- used to create walls
What are the parts of all flats? *know diagram*
rails, stiles, toggle bars, corner braces
Top and bottom horizontal framing member of plats. Always extend to the perimeter of the flat. Used to counter gravity and facilitate movement.
Vertical outside framing members of the flat
Interior horizontal framing members of the flat. Keeps the stiles parallel. Provides support and attaching strips on hard-covered flats.
Keep the flat square. Located on the bottom and upper corners on one side of the flat. Always the same side
How big should a flat be?
- 1 foot to 6 feet high
- 8 feet to 16 feet tall
What is a broadway flat?
- standard flat construction of a wooden frame with a fabric face that has not been altered in 500 years
- sometimes they are hard-covered
- obviously has not always been called a broadway-flat
Fabrics usually used for flats are
- Unbleached muslin (most commonly used, inexpensive)
- linen canvas
- cotton canvas
99% of flats are covered with this. Inexpensive. Strong, takes paint well. Uniform shrinkage. Rips straight (across the grain)
Material that covers flats. Paints great. Shrinks less than unbleached muslin
heavier than muslin. paints like an artist canvas. used for platform covers and ground clothes.
Size recipe (so muslin will shrink on flat)
- 10 parts water
- 1 part glue
- 3/4 part paint
What is best used for hard covered flats?
luan does the best job
Nailing pattern corner block
comes in variety of sizes
easy to weld
strong and homogenous
used to create structures that are too delicate for wood
great for welding frames for flats and platforms
square and rectangular steel tube
rigid or EMT
non weight bearing
easily bent into intricate shapes with a piper or conduit bender
round tube (conduit)
type of metal
hard to work with
flat stuff!!! hard covered/soft covered
benefits of each
- benefits blah blah
- hardcovered is modern
metal vs wood flats
- metal= skill
- wood= not as much skill
difference between broadway and hollywood flats
hollywood flats are on edge