History of Psychology: Ch.9

  1. Benjamin notes that World War I had two main impacts on applied psychology. What were they?
    • Exposed psychologists to applied work who haven't done it before.
    • Psychology's efforts (regarding intellectual assessment and testing) were seen as successful by the military and public.
  2. What major concern did the new psychologists have about public perception of psychologists?
    That the public would not be able to tell legitimate psychologists from pseudo psychologists.
  3. How did APA's objectives in 1945 differ from the original APA constitution of 1895?
    In 1945, they said the objective was "to advance psychology as a science [and] as a profession". Before, it was just science.
  4. What was the role of early clinical psychologists?
    To administer and score psychological tests and, in some cases, to interpret the test results.
  5. How did World War II change the role of clinical psychologists?
    There was a shortage of psychiatrists and a great need for mental health services during and after the war. The VA employed many people.
  6. What is the main idea of the Boulder Model of clinical psychology training?
    • Strong training in science
    • Provide students with clinical skills
    • One- year predoctoral internship
  7. How did the Great Depression change industrial psychology?
    • Businesses looked for new talent within the unemployment pool
    • Started focusing on human relations- worker input, counseling programs in the workplace, worker attitudes
    • Job satisfaction= worker productivity
  8. What is the goal of human factors psychology?
    To aid in the design of equipment that involved a human interface so that operation of the equipment would be more efficient and safer.
  9. Describe the main work activities of school psychologists.
    • Work for several schools within a district
    • Testing children
    • Meeting with parents, teachers, and program specialists to ensure children get services to succeed academically.
  10. Benjamin comments that counseling psychology has had an "identity crisis." What does he mean by this?
    • It originated from the vocational guidance movement and the personnel work of industrial psychology
    • It wasn't until later that it became part of clinical psychology.
    • No suggested curriculum/ certification
    • Less emphasis on mental health
    • Little distinction between clinical and counseling psychology
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History of Psychology: Ch.9
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