Japanese 1 - Exam 1 - Particles/Relationals

    • to (a place)
    • Followed by motion verb (e.g. ikimasu)
    • Turns sentence into a question
    • Always at the end (after verb)
    • (w)o
    • Indicates preceding noun is dir object of transitive verb
    • "Wa"
    • Turns preceding noun into subj of sentence
    • in/at
    • Place N followed by で indicates where the action takes place
    • Ex/ Ginza de kamera o kaimasu
    • Indicates strong expectation of agreement
    • Ex/ Yoku kissaten e ikimasu, ne?
    • ([You] go to the coffee shop often, don't you?)
    • Highlights preceding noun as subj of sentence
    • Mandatory with interrogative noun such as "nani" with existence verb
    • Ex/ Nani ga arimasu ka?
    • Can replace を to indicate also/too
    • Ex/ Mainichi teepo o kikimasu. Rekoodo mo kikimasu.
  1. けど
    • Clause relational meaning "although"
    • If the clause isn't stated, it can mean "why do you ask" or "how do you know"
    • Ex/ Ashita kurasa ga arimasu ka? Iie, arimasen kedo....
    • After place N, indicates where something is situated or exists.
    • Ex/ Doko ga gakkoo ni imasu ka?
    • Emphatic sentence particle at end (after verb) giving warning, new info, assurance, etc.
    • Corresponds to "certainly", "you know", "I tell you", ....
    • Ex/ Soo desu ne. ([Yes,] isn't it?)
    • Ex/ Soo desu yo. ([Yes,] it is.)
    • "and"
    • Ex/ Koko ni inu to neko to tori ga imasu.
  2. ねえ
    • Sentence particle at end which expresses admiration, surprise, etc.
    • Ex/ Joozu desu nee. (How proficient [you] are!)
Card Set
Japanese 1 - Exam 1 - Particles/Relationals
Japanese 1 - Exam 1 - Particles/Relationals