A&P Lab Midterm: Language of Anatomy, Organ Systems cont.

  1. Locate the oral cavity in the cephalic region?

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  2. Locate the orbital cavity in the cephalic region?

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  3. Locate the nasal cavity 

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  4. Locate the synovial cavity in the image 

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  5. Identify the middle ear cavity

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  6. What is the basic unit or building block of all living things?
    Cell
  7. What is a group of cells that similar in structures and functions?
    Tissue
  8. What are the 4 basic tissue types?
    • Connective
    • Muscle
    • Nervous
    • Epithelial
  9. What is a structure composed of two or more tissue types that perform a specific function for the body?
    Organ
  10. What system does the heart belong to?
    Cardiovascular
  11. What system does the lungs belong to?
    Respiratory system
  12. What system does the liver belong to?
    Digestive
  13. What system does the spleen belong to?
    Endocrine
  14. What system does the kidneys belong to?
    Urinary System
  15. What system does the diaphragm belong to?
    Respiratory System
  16. What system does the stomach belong to?
    Digestive system
  17. What system does the trachea belong to?
    Respiratory
  18. What system does the pancreas belong to?
    Endocrine
  19. What system does the ureter belong to?
    Urinary system
  20. What system does the esophagus belong to?
    Digestive
  21. What system does the gallbladder belong to?
    Digestive
  22. What system does the small intestine and the large intestine belong to?
    Digestive
  23. What is the function of the heart?
    Blood pump; distributed oxygen to the body.
  24. What is function of the lungs?
    To absorb oxygen needed for blood
  25. What is the function of the liver?
    • Secretes bile that ends up back in the intestines.
    • Makes proteins important for blood clotting and other functions.
  26. What is the function of the spleen?
    • Filter for blood as part of the immune system.
    • Old red blood cells are recycled in the spleen
  27. What is organ extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine, and aid in other important functions of the body?
    Kidney
  28. What organ is the primary muscle used in the process of inspiration, or inhalation? 

    And it separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity.
    Diaphragm
  29. What is function of the stomach?
    • To break down food for absorbtion
    • Turns it into chyme
  30. What is the function of the trachea?
    Serves as an integral part of airway
  31. What organ converts food we eat into fuel for the body's cells?

    Exocrine function that helps in digestion
    Endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.
    Pancreas
  32. What is the function of the ureter?
    Carries urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
  33. What is the purpose of the esophagus?
    To carry food, liquids, and saliva from the mouth to the stomach.
  34. What is the function of the gall bladder?
    store and concentrate bile, a yellow-brown digestive enzyme produced by the liver.

    It also drains waste products from the liver into the duodenum, a part of the small intestine.
  35. What is the function of the small intestine?
    Absorption of nutrients and minerals from food

    Where 90% of the digestion and absorption of food occurs
  36. What is function of the large intestine?
    To absorb water and anything not absorbed by the small intestine
  37. Identify the heart in both models 

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  38. Identify the lungs in the human model

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  39. Identify the diaphragm in the human model
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  40. Identify the large intestine in the human model.
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  41. Identify the liver in the human model
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  42. Identify the mesentery in the human model

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  43. Identify the pancreas in the human model

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Author
fjn900
ID
324095
Card Set
A&P Lab Midterm: Language of Anatomy, Organ Systems cont.
Description
Based on the study guide
Updated