Psychology MIDTERMS

  1. The studying of physical needs and processes
  2. Thinking and understanding
  3. describe the four goals of psychology
    • Describe
    • Explain
    • Predict
    • Control
  4. An educated guess
  5. A complex explanation
  6. Research
    Basic science
  7. Using psychological principles to solve problems
    Applied science
  8. List the steps of the scientific method
    • Question
    • Hypothesis
    • Experiment
    • Data (Analysis)
    • Conclusion
    • Repeat
  9. Difference between a psychologist and psychiatrist
    A psychiatrist can prescribe medication
  10. A small group out of a large population;Anyone who represents a test or an experiment
  11. Impossible to study everyone so people turn to
  12. A total group
  13. Something that doesn't represent all_something___in general
    Non-representative sample
  14. Something that represents all_something__in general
    Representative sample
  15. Dry numbers out of a hat or picking something out of order
    Random sample
  16. Picking something in proportion or subgroups
    Stratified sample
  17. Naturalistic observation
    Not disturbing people or animals that are being tested on
  18. Case study
    Intensive study of a group or person with diary tests and interviews
  19. Longitudinal study
    Studying the same people in different times of their life
  20. Survey
    Asking questions through interviews or questionnaires
  21. Cross-sectional study
    Organizing into aids or groups so no need of longitudinal study
  22. Experimental study
    Performing experiments on subjects
  23. When the experimenter influences the subject by making a small move when I ask you a question like raising his eyebrows
    Self-fulfilling prophecy
  24. One person knows about the experiment
    Single-blind experiment
  25. None know about the experiment
    Double-blind experiment
  26. Something that works because you told them it does
    Placebo effect
  27. Study of changes that occur as individual matures
    Developmental psychology
  28. Clinging response to a touch on the palm of the hand
    Grasping reflex
  29. Response to turning toward source of touching anywhere on the mouth
    Rooting reflex
  30. Internally programed growth of a child
  31. Verbal utterance in which words are left out but meaning is clear
    Telegraphic speech
  32. What did Jean Piaget believe
    Every child goes through the different stages at their own pace
  33. The process of learning excepted rules and behavior from our own culture and society
  34. The period of puberty during which a person develops from a child to an adult
  35. Rites that mark the transition into adulthood
    Initiation rites
  36. Sexual maturation;end of childhood
  37. 1st menstrual cycle
  38. 1st ejaculation
  39. Small exclusive group of people within a leather group
  40. Acting in accordance with specified authority
  41. Emphasizes role of social and cognitive processes on how we perceive and use info
    Social learning
  42. Proposes that children acquire gender roles by interacting with environment and experiences
  43. Contains the brain and the spinal cord
    Central nervous system(CNS)
  44. Nerve that runs up and down the back and transmit messages to the body and back to brain
    Spinal cord
  45. Nerves branching out the spinal cord
    Peripheral nervous system(PNS)
  46. Different methods psychologist use to study the bran
    • EEG
    • CAT
    • PET
    • MRI
  47. Machine used to record electrical activity of large portions of the brain
  48. Imaging technique used to study the brain pinpoint injuries and brain deterioration
  49. Imaging technique used to see which brain areas are active
  50. Imaging technique used to study the brain structure and activity
  51. Chemicals released by neurons
  52. Cells of nerve tissue along which messages travel to the brain and back
  53. The part of the PNS that controls voluntary movement of skeletal muscles
    Somatic nervous system
  54. The part of the PNS that controls internal biological functions
    Autonomic nervous system
  55. All or none principle
    All muscle fibers fire at the same time or none at all
  56. Contains nucleus and produces energy needed to fill neuron activity
    Cell body
  57. Controls the functional unit of the entire cell
  58. Receives signals from other nerve cells
  59. Carries signals from the cell body to the neurons
  60. Psychologists use the___ to study the role of the both nature and nurture play in development
  61. The medulla pons and midbrain make up the majority of the_____
    Brain stem
  62. Dopamine and serotonin are examples of
  63. Controls actions such as moving your finger and walking
    Somatic nervous system
  64. Controls actions such as heart rate and breathing
    Autonomic nervous system
  65. Frontal lobe
    Motor cortex
  66. Parietal lobe
    Somatosensory cortex
  67. Occipital lobe
    Visual cortex
  68. Temporal lobe
    Auditory cortex
  69. The basic building blocks of heredity
  70. regulates sugar metabolism
  71. Produce eggs and the female hormones
  72. When a stimulus activates a receptor
  73. The organization of sensory information into meaningful experiences
  74. The study of the relationship between sensory experiences and physical stimuli that cause them
  75. Minimum intensity of the stimulus one can detect
    Absolute threshold
  76. Minimum difference in intensity between 2 stimulus
    Difference threshold
  77. Type of increased needed for someone to notice a difference
    Webster's law
  78. Study of people's tendency is to make her a judgments and detecting the presence of a stimuli
    Signal-detection theory
  79. Regulates amount of light coming in that eyes
  80. Transparent structure that focuses light on the retina
  81. Contains cones and rods for clear vision
  82. Carries impulses from the retina to the brain
    Optic nerve
  83. Combining images
    Binocular fusion
  84. Difference between images stimulating each eye
    Reticular disparity
  85. 3-D perception and double vision
  86. Colorblindness
    Color dificiency
  87. To where sound is directed
    Auditory canal
  88. Separates the external ear and the middle ear and transmit sound where vibration occurs
  89. ___changes vibration to neuronal signals the travel to the brain
  90. Tiny bones linked to the eardrum
    • Hammer
    • Anvil
    • Stirrup
  91. The sense organ that translates sound into nerve impulses to be sent to the brain
  92. Carries impulses to the brain(sound)
    Auditory nerve
  93. Two types of deafness
    • Conduction-hearing aid
    • Sensorineural-no hearing aid
  94. Sense that provides balance
    Vestibular system
  95. Where is the vestibular system located
    In the ear
  96. Nerves that carry small impulses to the nose and the brain
    Olfactory nerve
  97. Gives tongue is rough texture and contains taste buds the cover the surface
  98. Layers of the skin
    • Corneal layer top
    • Epidermis middle
    • Dermis bottom
  99. Receptors provide information about environment:
    Pressure warmth cold pain
  100. The sense of movement and body position;work to maintain balance
Card Set
Psychology MIDTERMS