nursing research quiz 1

  1. EBP
    practice based on the best available evidence, patient preference, and clinical judgment.

    the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of theory-derived, research based information in making decisions about care delivery to individuals or groups of patients and in consideration of individual needs and preferences
  2. ACE star model
    • 1. Discovery- ask searchable question
    • 2.Evidence Summary- critically appraise evidence and summarize results
    • 3.Translation-develop guidelines for real life practice 
    • 4.Integration-produce plan time frame,measureable outcome and implement it
    • 5. Evaluation-evaluate and disseminate results
  3. Research
    systematic study that leads to new knowledge and or solutions to problems or questions
  4. classic steps of research
    • research question/ hypothesis
    • literature review
    • research design
    • sampling strategy
    • data collection
    • data analysis
    • conclusion
  5. types of hypothesis
    • associative
    • causal
    • simple
    • complex
    • directional
    • nondirectional
    • null
    • research
  6. hypothesis category
    1. associative vs causual

    2. simple vs complex

    3. nondirectional vs directional

    4. null vs research
  7. Hypotheses
    formal statements regarding the expected or predicted relationship between two or more variables in a specific population
  8. associative relationship
    when on variable changes the other variable changes
  9. simple hypothese
    a hypothesis describing the relationship between two variables
  10. complex hypotheis
    describes the relationship among 3 or more variables
  11. causal relationship
    when one variable determines the presence or change in another variable
  12. nondirectional hypothesis
    statement of the relationship between two variables that does not predict the direction of the relationship
  13. directional hypothesis
    describes the direction of a relationshipbewteen two or more variable
  14. null hypothesis
    a hypothesis stating that there is no relationship between the variables
  15. research hypothesis
    indicates that a relationship between two are more variables exists
  16. differences between EBP and research
    EBP- purpose is to make the best decision about patient  care using current evidence

    uses the evidence that is generated through research

    research-purpose to generate new knowledge(evidence)




  18. Variable
    a phenomena that can be directly measured
  19. types of variables
    • independent variable
    • dependent variable
    • confounding variable
  20. independent variable
    variable the influences the dependent variable or outcome
  21. dependent variable
    influenced by independent variable
  22. cofounding variable
    factors that interfere with the relationship between the independent and dependent variable
  23. Belmont report
    1. respect for persons-should be treated as autonomous and having ability to make own decisions

    2.beneficence-principle of doing good

    3. justice- equity and fairness

    a report outlining 3 major principles for the conduct of ethical research with human subjects. issued in 1979
  24. declaration of helsinki
    an international standard providing physicians guidelines for conducting biomedical research

    adopted in 1964
  25. Nuremberg Code
    earliest international response  to unethical scientific conduct

    contained  in the written verdict given by those presiding at the trail of the german nazi physicians accused of torturing prisoners during medical experiment
  26. studies that violated ethical principles
    nazi experiments - 

    Tuskegee study- study that denied treatments to subjects so that the effects of the disease could be studied

    Jewish chronic disease hospital study- injection of cancer cells to subjects without their knowledge

    willowbrook studies- study involving coercion of parents to allow thier children to participate in a hepatitis  study in exchange for admission to a long term care facility
  27. elements of a research article
    • abstract- first section of research article that provides an overview of the study
    • introduction-states the purpose and the problem
    • review of literature-unbiased comprehensive synthesized description of relevent previously publised studies
    • theoretical framework structure of a studythat links the theory concepts to the study variables
    • methods sectionmajor portion of research  article that describes the study, design,sample and data collection
    • results section-reports the methods used to analyze data and characteristics of the sample
  28. quantitative research
    research that uses numbers to obtain precise  measurements
  29. qualitative research
    research that uses words to describe human behaviors
Card Set
nursing research quiz 1
nursing research quiz 1