theater history exam 1

  1. Abydos Passion Play
    • mock battle between Osiris and the Bad Guys
    • Osiris killed
    • put back together by Horus
    • resurrection  ceremony
    • performed annually for ~2000 years
    • described by Ikernofret
  2. anagnorisis
    recognition moment
  3. archon basileius
    • "divine right"
    • the head priest
    • had seat of honor at Dionysian Fest
  4. catharsis
    • purging of fear and pity
    • (don't know whose)
  5. choregos
  6. coryphaios
    • chorus leader
    • similar to modern dance captain
  7. deuteragonist
    2nd actor
  8. didaskolos
    • "intended to teach"
    • often the playwright 
    • seems to be similar to director or choreographer
  9. Dionysus
    • demi-god
    • son of Zeus and Similie
    • born out of a testicle sewn into Zeus's thigh
    • god of wine and fertility
  10. dithyramb
    • a choral ode in honor of Dionysis
    • Aristotle believed that tragedy derived from this
  11. ekkuklema
    platform on wheels that is used in a reveal scene
  12. eponymous archon
    • city manager in Athens
    • a different person every year
    • each year would be named after its man
    • in charge of Dionysian Fest
  13. exodus
    song the chorus sings as they exit
  14. hypokrites
    • "one who speaks under"
    • actor
    • responds to chorus
  15. mechane
    • "god of the machine"
    • big crane that swings out over the stage for god characters
  16. New Comedy
    • Hellinistic period
    • Menander and Dyskolos are playwrights
    • emphasis on plot over theme
    • prologue is more expository
    • stock characters
    • domestic situations
    • chorus divides the scenes
    • no satirical element
    • situation comedy
  17. Old Comedy
    • social and political commentary
    • involves well known characters (including real life politicians sometimes)
    • situations are fantastical 
    • bawdy
    • comes to Dionysian Fest around 420s BC
  18. orchestra
    • "dancing space"
    • normally circular
    • level space where the chorus did their thing
  19. parabasis
    • chorus speech that has nothing to do with the play that its in
    • current events
    • like a commercial break
  20. parados
    • 1st song the chorus sings as they enter
    • the areas where the chorus and audience enter from
  21. paraskenia
    acting area on top of the skene
  22. periaktoi
    3 flats fastened together to give 3 dif. scenes when rotated
  23. peripereia
    reversal of fortune moment of a play
  24. pinakes
    • painted flat on skene
    • gives an idea of setting
  25. proagon
    • pre-festival party
    • procession
  26. processional drama
    • border between theater and ritual
    • parade through the market, sailing down Nile, etc
    • idea that there will be movement through a space not really in the space
  27. protagonist
    1st actor
  28. shaman
    • not like regular humans
    • sometimes chosen, sometimes inherited
    • sacred
    • (not theater)
  29. skene
    scene house
  30. stichomythia
    • scene where the lines are very short
    • back and forth like normal dialogue 
    • not like most Greek dialogue
  31. strophe and antistrophe
    • choral odes
    • chorus moved one direction during the strophe and back the other way during antistrophe
  32. thymele
    • altar for Dionysus
    • thought to be center of the orchestra at one time
    • linked to religious aspect
  33. tritagonist
    3rd actor
  34. Yahweh
    • mountain god of law and order
    • Hebrew's one god
    • ordered universe based on suffering
  35. ziggurat
    raised platform used for ceremonial purposes
  36. 534 BC
    year of 1st Dionysian Festival
  37. 458 BC
    1st performance of Orestia
  38. Adrastus
    • local Sicyon hero
    • had choral odes to him in Sicyon, 27 years before 1st Dionysian Fest (as noted by Herodotus)
    • provides argument that tragedy may not have stemmed from Dionysus
  39. Aeschylus
    • introduced 2nd actor
    • wrote the Orestia
  40. Arion
    • 7th century BC
    • dressed chorus in goat skin
  41. Aristophanes
    • only old comic playwright that has a substantial amount of works remaining
    • Lysistrata, the Frogs,etc
  42. Aristotle
    • 384-322 BC
    • philosopher, author, critic
    • The Poetics (didn't affect theater for ~1800 yrs), written about 70 yrs after last "great poets"
    • only wrote about tragedy
  43. Cleisthenes of Athens
    comes up w idea of the tribes of Athens being the judges for the festival
  44. Ephialtes
    leader at the time who limits the Areopagus to conducting murder trials
  45. Lycurgus
    • rebuilds City Dionysia in 33 BC
    • makes it in stone
    • adds wings and peraskene
  46. Menander
    New Comedy playwright
  47. Peisistratus
    • tyrant of Athens wants to consolidate power
    • known for exploiting theatricality and religion for own purposes
    • exiled then came back
    • develops a number of festivals
    • introduces worship to Dionysus
    • showcases Athens with Dionysian Festival
    • (basically an excuse to party)
  48. Solon
    • strathogos of Athens (military and political leader)
    • very important poet
    • against Dionysian festival as he doesn't want make believe dealing with serious situations
    • political opposition to Peisistratus
  49. Sophocles
    • wrote Medea
    • tragedy writer
    • credited w introducing the 3rd actor
  50. Thespis
    • 550-500 BC
    • don't know a lot about him
    • presumably stepped out the chorus to become 1st actor
    • winner of 1st Festival
Card Set
theater history exam 1
terms for the first theater history exam