Organ Systems Overview Ex 2

  1. Name the basic unit or building block of all living things
  2. The small intestine is an example of a(n)_____, because it is composed of two or more tissue types performing a specific function for the body

  3. What are the four basic types of tissue?
    • Epithelial
    • Muscular
    • Nervous
    • Muscular
  4. What is a group of cells that are similar in structure and function?
  5. Define organ
    A structure composed of two or more tissue types that performs a specific function for the body.
  6. What organ system generates heat?
  7. What organ system allows locomotion, grasping and manipulation of the environment, and facial expressions?
  8. What is primary function of the muscular system?
    To contract and shorten; in doing so, allows locomotion, grasping and manipulation of the environment, and facial expressions
  9. What organ system allows facial expressions?
  10. What are the major component organ of the muscular system?
    Muscles attached to the skeleton
  11. What organ system helps to maintain homeostasis of the body via rapid transmission of electrical signals?
  12. What are the major component organs of the nervous system?
    Brain, Spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
  13. The pituitary, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pineal glands; ovaries, testes, and pancreas are major components of what body system?
  14. What body system produces "chemical messengers"(hormones) and promotes growth and development?
  15. The nervous system allows the body to detect changes to the internal and external environment and to respond to such information by . . .
    activating appropriate muscles and gland.
  16. The skeletal system is composed of
    • Bones
    • Cartilages
    • Tendons
    • Ligaments
    • Joints
  17. What are the 3 functions of the skeletal system?
    • Body support and protection of internal organs
    • Provide levers for muscular action
    • Cavities provide a site for blood cell formation
  18. What organ system produces vitamin D?
    Integumentary (Skin)
  19. What organ system protects deeper organs from mechanical, chemical, and bacterial injury, and desiccation(drying out)
    Integumentary (Skin)
  20. The integumentary system aids in the regulation of the body's ____
  21. What organ system excretes salts and urea?
    Integumentary (Skin)
  22. What is desiccation?
    Drying out
  23. Epidermal and dermal regions; cutaneous sense organs and glands are all part of the . . .
    Integumentary (Skin)system
  24. What propels the blood through the blood vessels by a pumping action?
    My heart
  25. What are the 3 main components of the cardiovascular system?
    • Blood
    • Heart
    • Blood vessels
  26. The cardiovascular system is primary a _____ system that carries blood containing oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, wastes, ions, hormones, and other substances to and from the tissue cells where the exchange is made
  27. What organ system cleanses blood of pathogens and other debris?
  28. The lymphatic system picks up fluid leaked from the blood vessels and returns it to . . .
    the blood
  29. What organ system houses white blood cells that act via the immune response to protect the body from foreign substances (antigens)?
  30. What are antigens?
    Foreign Substances
  31. What are the major components of the lymphatic system?
    • Lymphatic vessels
    • Lymph nodes
    • Spleen
    • Thymus
    • Tonsils
    • Scattered collection of lymphoid tissue
  32. The thymus is part of what 2 organ systems?
    Endocrine and Lymphatic
  33. The nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs make up the . . .
    Respiratory System
  34. What organ system keeps the blood continuously supplied with oxygen while removing carbon dioxide?
  35. ______system contributes to the acid-base balance of the blood via its carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer system
  36. What buffer system does the respiratory system uses to regulate blood pH levels?
    Carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer system
  37. What makes up the digestive system primarily?
    • Oral cavity
    • Esophagus
    • Stomach 
    • Small and large intestines
    • Accessory Structures (teeth, salivary glands, liver, and pancreas)
  38. Why does the digestive system break down food to minute particles?
    To be absorbed into the blood for delivery to the blood cells.
  39. What happens to undigested residue in the digestive system?
    Removed from the body as feces
  40. What makes up the urinary system primarily?
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Bladder
    • Urethra
  41. The urinary system rids the body of ______-contained wastes (urea, uric acid, and ammonia).
  42. What organ system maintains water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance of the blood?
  43. What system produces germ cells (sperm or eggs)?
  44. What separates the abdominal and thoracic cavities? (A thin muscle attached to the inferior boundary of the rib cage)
    The diaphragm
  45. What and where is the thymus?
    An irregular mass of glandular tissue overlying the heart
  46. What/where is the heart?
    Medial oval structure enclosed within the pericardium(serous membrane sac)
  47. Where are the lungs located?
    Flanking the heart on either side
  48. What is the great omentum?
    An extension of the peritoneum that covers the abdominal viscera.
  49. What is a tube like structure "windpipe" running medially down the throat; part of the respiratory system?
  50. The bronchi branch off from the . . .
  51. What are two passages that plunge  laterally into the tissue of the lungs?
  52. What is a food chute; the part of the digestive system that transports food from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach?
  53. What is a curved organ important in food digestion (tacos) and temporary food storage?
  54. Where is the cecum found?
    The initial portion of the large intestine.
  55. The small intestine connects the_____ and ending just before the sac-like cecum.
  56. What is a large muscular tube connected to the small intestine and ending in the anus?
    Large intestine
  57. What is the rectum?
    Terminal part of the large intestine; continuous with the anal canal
  58. What is the rear opening of the digestive track?
  59. What is a apron-like serous membrane; suspends many of the digestive organs in the abdominal cavity.
  60. The mesentery is usually heavly invest with____ and, more likely than not riddled with large _____ deposits.
    • Blood vessels
    • Fat
  61. Where is the pancreas; a diffuse gland?
    Rests dorsal to and in the mesentery between the first portion of the small intestine and the stomach.
  62. What is a dark, red organ curving arounf the left lateral side of the stomach; considered part of the lymphatic system and often called the red blood cell grave yard?
  63. What is considered the red blood cell graveyard?
    The spleen
  64. What is the most superior organ in the abdominal cavity, directly beneath the diaphragm?
  65. How does the Liver look?
    Large and brownish red
  66. What is retroperitoneal?
    Behind the peritoneum
  67. Where and what are the kidneys?
    Retroperitoneal (behind the peritoneum). They are bean shaped organ
  68. What are the adrenal glands? Where are they?
    Large endocrine glands that sit astride the superior margin of each kidney; considered part of the endocrine system.
  69. What organ system do the adrenal glands belong to?
  70. Define ureter.
    Tube running from the indented region of a kidney to urinary bladder
  71. The urinary bladder serves as a sac for . . .
    a reservoir of urine
  72. Inferior vena cava is the large vein that returns blood to the _____ from the _____ regions of the body.
    • Heart 
    • Lower
  73. What is deep to the inferior vena cava; the largest artery of the body; carries blood away from the heart down the mid-line of the body
    Descending Aorta
Card Set
Organ Systems Overview Ex 2
Week 3