Three forms of psychology:
Benefits of studying history of Psychology:
- Connect to lives of past
- Make sense of the future
- Integrate knowledge into more meaningful understanding
Type of work done by the “overwhelming majority of psychologists today”:
Professional Specialties (counselor, etc.)
Event that marks the beginning of modern psychology:
The establishment of a research lab by Wilhelm Wundt.
At the time that laboratory experimental psychology arrived in America from Germany, what was the existing academic psychology? What were its three parts?
- Practice of Psychology
- Mental Psychology
- Scientific Psychology
Basic assumptions that Gall made about the skull/organization of the brain:
- Different parts of the brain = different intellectual, emotional, and behavioral functions
- Bump on skull= overdeveloped brain
- Skull indention= underdeveloped brain
In addition to measurements that identified talents and dispositions, what else did phrenologists provide for their clients?
- Identified talents/disposition
- Strengthen weaker areas
- Provide greater success/happiness
Evaluation of a person's character, intellect and abilities based on facial features.
Relieving psychological and medical conditions by passing magnets over patients' bodies.
Main activity that spiritualists engaged in:
Seances (communicating with the dead)
What did mental healers such as Quimby see as their task?
Help his clients reach spiritual healing by helping them see how irrationality and negative thinking affected their health.
Two opponents of new Psychologists:
- Pseudo-scientific Psychology
- Mental Philosophy
Locke's view of innate ideas:
Denied their existence
Two sources of knowledge in Locke’s philosophy:
- sensation and reflection
- Sensation= direct experience with external world
- Reflection= ideas from new and preexisting sensations'
In what way did the Scottish realists, such as Reid, disagree with Locke?
- People have direct knowledge of perceived objects via their senses
- a strong conviction of its existence
- objects are perceived immediately
What point did Fuchs make about what experimental psychologists added to mental philosophy?
They were adding experimental procedures to what he already considered to be empirical science (mental philosophy)