N456 Community Chapter 1

  1. What is the term for a group or collection of individuals interacting in social units and sharing common interests, characteristics, values, and goals?
    community
  2. What is the term for a group having common personal or environmental characteristics (can also refer to all of the people in a defined community)?
    population
  3. What is the term for subgroups with common characteristics and concerns?
    aggregate
  4. What type of communities are defined or formed by natural and manmade boundaries and include cities, states, counties, and nations?
    geopolitical
  5. What type of communities refer to relational, interactive groups?
    phenomenological
  6. What core public health function is defined by regular collection, analysis, and information sharing about health conditions, risks, and resources in a community?
    assessment
  7. What core public health function is defined by use of information gathered during assessment to develop local and state health policies and to direct resources toward these policies?
    policy development
  8. What core public health function focuses on the availability of necessary heath services throughout the community. It includes maintaining the ability of both public health agencies and private providers to manage day-to-day operations and the capacity to respond to critical situations and emergencies?
    assurance
  9. What are the three core public health functions?
    • assessment
    • policy development
    • assurance
  10. What is the term for the practice of promoting and protecting the health of populations using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences?
    public health nursing
  11. What is the term for focusing on health of individuals, families, and groups and the effect on the health of the community as a whole?
    community health nursing
  12. What is the term for focusing on individuals and families where they live, work, and go to school; care is setting-specific and the emphasis is on acute and chronic care?
    community-based nursing
  13. What is the term for prevention of problems before they occur?
    primary prevention
  14. What is the term for early detection and intervention?
    secondary prevention
  15. What is the term for correction and prevention of deterioration of a disease state?
    tertiary prevention
  16. What level of prevention is immunization?
    primary prevention
  17. What level of prevention is screening for sexually transmitted disease?
    secondary prevention
  18. What level of prevention is teaching insulin administration in the home?
    tertiary prevention
  19. What is the term for the public health intervention that describes and monitors health events through ongoing and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health data for the purpose of planning, implementing and evaluating public health interventions?
    surveillance
  20. What is the term for the public health intervention that systematically gathers and analyzes data regarding threats to the health of populations, ascertains the source of the threat, identifies cases and others at risk, and determines control measures?
    disease and other health event investigation
  21. What is the term for the public health intervention that locates populations of interest or populations at risk and provides information about the nature of the concern, what can be done about it, and how services can be obtained?
    outreach
  22. What is the term for the public health intervention that identifies individuals with unrecognized health risk factors or asymptomatic disease conditions in populations?
    screening
  23. What is the term for the public health intervention that locates individuals and families with identified risk factors and connects them with resources?
    case finding
  24. What is the term for the public health intervention that assists individuals, families, groups, organizations, and/or communities to identify and access necessary resources to prevent or resolve problems or concerns?
    referral and follow-up
  25. What is the term for the public health intervention that optimizes self-care capabilities of individuals and families and the capacity of systems and communities to coordinate and provide services?
    case management
  26. What is the term for the public health intervention that direct care tasks a registered professional nurse carriers out under the authority of a health care practitioner as allowed by law?
    delegated functions
  27. What is the term for the public health intervention that communicates facts, ideas, and skills that change knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, behaviors, and practices of individuals, families, systems, and/or communities?
    health teaching
  28. What is the term for the public health intervention that establishes an interpersonal relationship intended to increase or enhance capacity for self-care and coping with a community, system, and family or individual?
    counseling
  29. What is the term for the public health intervention that seeks information and generates optional solutions to perceived problems or issues through interactive problem solving with a community, system, and family or individual?
    consultation
  30. What is the term for the public health intervention that commits two or more persons or organization to achieve a common goal through enhancing the capacity of one or more of the members to promote and protect health?
    collaboration
  31. What is the term for the public health intervention that promotes and develops alliances among organizations or constituencies for a common purpose?
    coalition building
  32. What is the term for the public health intervention that helps community groups to identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and develop and implement strategies for reaching the goals they collectively have set?
    community organizing
  33. What is the term for the public health intervention that plead someone’s cause or act on someone’s behalf, with focus on developing the community, system, and individual or family’s capacity to plead their own cause or act on their own behalf?
    advocacy
  34. What is the term for the public health intervention that uses commercial marketing principles and technologies for programs designed to influence the knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, behaviors, and practices of the population of interest?
    social marketing
  35. What is the term for the public health intervention that places health issues on decision-makers’ agendas, acquires a plan of resolution, and determines needed resources, resulting in laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, and policies. Policy enforcement compels others to comply with laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, and policies?
    policy development and enforcement
Author
hchristensen
ID
323036
Card Set
N456 Community Chapter 1
Description
Questions relating to N456 Chapter 1
Updated