what are the phases within the first stage of labor?
Stage of labor where cervical effacement and dilation occur. It begins with the onset of true labor and ends with complete dilation (10cm) and effacement (100%) of the cervix
Phase within stage 1 of labor that lasts through the first 3cm of cervical dilation. Duration averages 7.3-8.6 hours in nulliparas & 4.1-5.3 hours in multiparas.
Phase within stage 1 of labor where the cervix dilates from 4-7cm and at a more rapid rate than the latent phase. Contractions are about 2-5 mins apart, with a duration of 40-60 seconds and intensity that ranges form moderate to strong.
Phase within stage 1 of labor when the cervix dilates from 8-10cm. Contractions are very strong and may be 1.5-2 mins. apart and their duration is 60-90 seconds. Strong contractions along with fetal descent may cause the woman to have to urge to push
Stage of Labor that begins with complete dilation and full (100%) effacement of the cervix and ends with the birth of the baby.
Second Stage (expulsion)
Stage of Labor that begins with the birth of the baby and ends with the expulsion of the placenta. This stage is the shortest with an average length of 6 mins.
Stage of labor that consist of physical recovery for the mother and infant. It lasts from the delivery of the placenta through the first 1 to 4 hours after birth.
What is the best distinction between true and false labor?
True labor causes progressive change in the cervix and a more rapid increase in effacement and dilation occurs with true labor contractions
FALSE OR TRUE LABOR? Contractions are inconsistent in frequency, duration, and intensity, do not change or may decrease with activity. Felt in the abdomen and groin and may be more annoying than truly painful
Irregular, mild uterine contractions tgat occur throughout pregnancy and become stronger in the last trimester.
Braxton hicks contractions. pg. 207
mixture of cervical mucus and pink or brown blood from ruptured capillaries in the cervix; often precedes labor and increases with cervical dilation.
Amnenorrhea, nausea & vomiting, fatigue, urinary frequency, breast & skin changes, chadwick signs, and quickening are all what type of indications of pregnancy?
Presumptive Indications pg. 104
Abdominal enlargement, Goodell sign, Hegar sign, Ballottement, Braxton Hicks contractions, Palpation of fetal outline, Uterine souffle, & positive pregnancy test are all what type of indications of pregnancy?
Probable Indications pg. 104
Auscultation of fetal heart sounds, fetal movements detected by an examiner, and visualization of embryo/fetus are all what type of indications of pregnancy?