Psychology Ch. 1 Key Terms

  1. The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes
  2. An integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
    Biopsychosocial approach
  3. An observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles
    Case study
  4. The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)
    Cognitive neuroscience
  5. In an experiment, the group that is not exposed to the treatment
    Control group
  6. Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
    Critical thinking
  7. The extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other
  8. The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable
    Dependent variable
  9. An experimental procedure in which both the research participants and the research staff are ignorant (blind) that whether the research participants and received the treatment or the placebo
    Double-blind procedure
  10. A research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors (independent variables) to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process (dependent variables)
  11. In an experiment, the group that is exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable
    Experimental group
  12. Historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual’s potential for personal growth
    Humanistic psychology
  13. A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
  14. The perception of a relationship where none exists
    Illusory correlation
  15. The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that we should have foreseen it
    Hindsight bias
  16. The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied
    Independent variable
  17. The differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon
    Levels of analysis
  18. Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation
    Naturalistic observation
Card Set
Psychology Ch. 1 Key Terms
Class at NGU