1. Bacteriuria
    condition that occurs when bacteria enter the bladder during catheterization, or when organisms migrate up the catheter lumen or the urethra into the bladder; bacteria in the urine
  2. Enuresis
    involuntary urination; most often used to refer to a child who involuntarily urinates during the night
  3. External condom catheter
    an alternative to an indwelling catheter, soft, pliable sheath made of silicone material is applied externally to the penis
  4. Functional incontinence
    state in which a person experiences an involuntary, unpredictable passage of urine
  5. Hematuria
    blood in the urine; if present in large enough quantities, urine may be bright red or reddish brown
  6. Hesitancy
    delay or difficulty in initiating voiding
  7. Ileal conduit
    urinary diversion in which the ureters are connected to the ileum with a stoma created on the abdominal wall
  8. Indwelling urethral catheter
    catheter that remains in place for continuous urine drainage; synonym for Foley catheter
  9. Intermittent catheter
    straight catheter used to drain the bladder for short periods (5–10 minutes)
  10. Kegel exercises
    repetitious contraction and relaxation of the pubococcygeal muscle to improve vaginal tone and urinary continence
  11. Micturition
    process of emptying the bladder; urination; voiding
  12. Mixed incontinence
    symptoms of urge and stress incontinence are present, although one type may predominate
  13. Nephrotoxic
    capable of causing kidney damage
  14. Overflow incontinence
    involuntary loss of urine associated with overdistention and overflow of the bladder
  15. Postvoid residual (PVR)
    urine that remains in the bladder after the act of micturition; a synonym for residual urine
  16. Reflex incontinence
    When a person experience emptying of the bladder without the sensation of the need to void.
  17. Specific gravity
    a characteristic of urine that can be determined with manufactured plastic strips or an instrument called a urinometer or hydrometer
  18. Stress incontinence
    state in which the person experiences a loss of urine of less than 50 mL that occurs with increased abdominal pressure
  19. Suprapubic catheter
    catheter inserted into the bladder through a small abdominal incision above the pubic area
  20. Total incontinence
    any involuntary leakage of urineinvoluntary leakage of urine
  21. Transient incontinence
    appears suddenly and lasts for 6 months or less. It is usually caused by treatable factors, such as confusion secondary to acute illness, infection, and as a result of medical treatment, such as the use of diuretics or intravenous fluid administration
  22. Urge incontinence
    state in which a person experiences involuntary passage of urine that occurs soon after a strong sense of urgency to void
  23. Urinary diversion
    surgical creation of an alternate route for excretion of urine
  24. Urinary incontinence
    any involuntary loss of urine
  25. Urinary retention
    inability to void although urine is produced by the kidneys and enters the bladder; excessive storage of urine in the bladder
Card Set
Urinary Elimination