Module A1 Intro to dentistry

  1. What are the 10 recognized dental specialties?
    • Dental public health
    • Endodontics
    • Oral Pathology
    • Oral and Maxillofacial radiology
    • Oral and Maxiofacial surgery
    • Orthodontics
    • Pediatric dentistry
    • Periodontics
    • Prosthodontics
    • Forensic dentistry
  2. Describe the Dental public health specialty and what they do
    They are concerned with the prevention of dental disease and works with the community to promote dental health
  3. Describe the Endodontic specialty
    They are concerned with the pathology and morphology:(form or structure of it) of the dental pulp and the surrounding tissue due to injury or disease
  4. Describe the Oral pathology specialty
    They are concerned with the pathology and morphology:(form or structure of it) of the dental pulp and the surrounding tissue due to injury or disease
  5. Describe the oral and maxillofacial surgery specialty
    They are concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of the oral and maxillofacial region due to injury disease or defects
  6. General anesthetics
    You are put to sleep and is administered at a hospital
  7. Local anesthetics
    You are awake and is administered by a dentist or hygienist
  8. Describe the orthodontic specialty
    • They are concerned with the diagnosis supervision guidance and correction of the malocclusion of the dentofacial structures
    • Hygienist can be employed but is unlikely in SW FL
  9. Describe the pediactric dental specialty
    • They are concerned with the prevention of oral disease and the diagnosis and treatment of oral care in children from birth through adolescence
    • They typically employ hygienist
  10. Describe the periodontic specialty
    • They are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the tooth. They are also concerned with the prevention of periodontal disease
    • They typically employ a hygienist
  11. Describe the prosthodontic specialty
    • They are concerned with the diagnosis restoration maintenance or oral functions. They are also concerned with the replacement of missing teeth through artificial means.
    • They typically employ hygienist
  12. Describe the oral and maxillofacial radiology specialty
    • They are concerned with the production and interpretation of images and data produced by all modalities of radiant energy that are used for the diagnosis and management of diseases disorders and conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region
    • They typically don't hire hygienist
  13. Describe the forensic dentistry specialty
    This new area requires additional training and deals with the identification of bite marks on the body and/or identification of an individual through tooth restorations and morphology/ utilizing dental records
  14. Define continuing education
    postlicensure short-term educational experiences for refresher updating and renewal
  15. Define Dental hygiene process of care
    An organized systematic group of activities that provides the framework for delivering quality dental hygiene care
  16. Define OSHA
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • A U.S government agency that helps employers protect their workers and reduce workplace deaths, injuries and illnesses
  17. What is a dental hygienist?
    The dental hygienist is a licensed health professional who can provide administrative, preventive, educational, and/or clinical services focused on oral health disease prevention and health promotion.
  18. What are some of the master's level of dental hygiene education
    • Dental Health Education
    • Public Health
    • Nutrition and Dietetics
    • Business and administration
    • Law
  19. What is dental hygiene?
    The study of preventative oral healthcare, including the management of behaviors to prevent oral disease and promote health.
  20. What are some of the task dental hygienist may be delegated
    • Removing calculus deposits, accretions (biofilm), and stains from exposed surfaces of the teeth and from the gingival sulcus
    • Performing root planing and curettage (remove tissue)
    • Exposing dental X-ray films
    • Applying topical preventive or prophylactic agents.
  21. What are some of the places that hygienist may practice in
    • The office of a licensed dentist
    • Public health programs and institutions such as Department of Children and Family Services, Department of Health, Department of Juvenile Justice under the general supervision of a licensed dentist.
  22. What are the three levels of supervision for dental hygienist in Florida?
    • Direct supervision
    • Indirect supervision
    • General supervision
  23. What is direct supervision?
    • Supervision whereby a dentist:
    • 1.diagnoses the condition to be treated
    • 2.authorizes the procedure to be performed
    • 3.remains on the premises while the procedures are performed
    • 4.approves the work performed before dismissal of the patient.
  24. What is indirect supervision?
    • Supervision whereby a dentist:
    • 1.diagnoses the condition to be treated 2.authorizes the procedure to be performed
    • 3.remains on the premises while the procedures are performed.
    • 4.Does not need to approve the work performed before dismissal of the patient.
  25. What is general supervision?
    • Supervision whereby a dentist:
    • Authorizes the procedures which are being carried out but need not be present when the authorized procedures are being performed. Any task performed under general supervision is valid for maximum of 13 months. After 13 months a new exam must be done.
    • Dentist must preform the exam and a prescription of care must be written
  26. What are some other types of supervision in other states?
    • Direct access supervision
    • Remote supervision
    • Independent practice
  27. What is direct access supervision?
    • Services provided as determined by dental hygienist’s assessment.
    • Usually limited to public health settings.
  28. What is an independent practice?
    • It is without authorization or supervision in any setting.
    • Hygienist can develop their own practice
    • -Colorado
  29. How many Direct access states are there?
  30. In what environment may a dental hygienist provide services without the physical presence, prior examination or authorization of a dentist
    In health access settings provided that a dentist or physician gives medical clearance prior to the performance of prophylaxis
  31. What are the seven professionals roles of the dental hygienist?
    • 1.Clinician
    • 2.Corporate dental hygienist
    • 3.Public health
    • 4.Researcher
    • 5.Educator
    • 6.Administrator
    • 7.Entrepreneur
  32. What is the primary role of a clinician
    Provide direct patient care with other health professionals
  33. What are some employment settings and positions?
    • Private dental practices
    • Community-based clinics
    • Hospitals and long-term care facilities
    • Schools
  34. What is a Corporate dental hygienist?
    • Employment in a company that supports oral health through promotion of oral health products and services.
    • Ex. Hu-Friedy and you have to have a bachelor's degree
  35. What are some of the employment settings of the corporate dental hygienist?
    • Product sales and research
    • Corporate educators or administrators
    • Atlanta Dental, GSK, Oral B, Proctor and Gamble, Patterson Dental
  36. What is a Public health hygienist?
    Enhances access to care in community health programs funded by the government or nonprofit organizations.
  37. What are the employment settings of the public health hygienist?
    • Clinicians are in….
    • -School sealant programs:
    • UF and Lee County Health Department
    • -Community Clinics
    • Dental screenings
    • -Government health Service
    • WIC
    • -Oral health program administrator
    • Collier & Lee– community outreach
  38. What are the responsibilities and employment settings for a dental hygienist researcher?
    • A researcher conducts studies to test new procedures, products, or theories for accuracy and effectiveness.
    • Employment settings:
    • -Government agencies
    • CDC
    • -Corporations
    • Oral B
    • Sonic care
    • -Universities
    • Dental schools
  39. What is the role of an RDH Educator ?
    Educators use educational theory and methodology to educate competent oral health professionals or provide continuing education for licensed providers.
  40. What are some employment settings for an educator?
    • -Corporate educator
    • Oral B
    • Sonic care
    • Hu-friedy
  41. What is the role of an administrator and what are some employment settings?
    • An administrator applies organizational skills, communicate objectives, identify and manage resources, evaluate and modify health or education programs.
    • The employment settings are the same as an educator
  42. What is an RDH Entrepreneur?
    DH entrepreneur initiate or finance new oral health-related enterprises.
  43. What are some of the employment settings of an RDH Entrepreneur?
    • Practice management or product development
    • Professional speaker or writer
    • CE businesses
    • Independent clinical practice.
  44. What is direct access?
    It permits a dental hygienist to treatment plan, initiate treatment in settings without specific authorization of the dentist.
  45. What are some of the settings for direct access?
    • Schools
    • Public health settings
    • Headstart
    • Nursing homes
    • Free clinics
    • Community centers
  46. What type of workforce models are available to a dental hygienist?
    • 1.Private Clinical Practitioners
    • Community Dental Offices
    • 2.Independent practitioner
    • RDH owns their own practice –Colorado
    • 3.ADHP- Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner Minnesota
    • 4.ADT - Advanced Dental Therapist
  47. Describe the (ADHP) – Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner or (ADT) - Advanced Dental Therapist
    • Master's level
    • Clinical roles are the traditional treatment of the dental hygienist and expanded functions such as
    • Caries removal,placement and finishing of composite/resin and amalgam restorations
    • Placement of space maintainers
    • Fabrication and placement of stainless steel crowns and temporary crowns.
    • Pulpotomy
    • Pulp vitality testing
    • Simple extraction of erupted primary teeth
    • Other duties as specified in each states dental practice act
  48. What is the ADHA?
    • American Dental hygienist Association
    • Who's purpose is to
    • Address issues of professional growth
    • Education
    • Access to care
    • Research and theory
  49. How is the profession of dental hygiene regulated?
    • CODA: Commission of dental accreditation
    • Establishes a minimum set of national standards for educational institutions and dental hygiene programs
  50. What are the two CODA accreditations?
    • Fully accredited
    • Accredited with reporting requirements
  51. How is the profession of dental hygiene regulated through education?
    • The Dental hygiene national board
    • The purpose of the national examination is to assist state boards in determining qualifications of dental hygiene licensure applicants by assessing their ability to recall important information from basic biomedical, dental, and dental hygiene sciences, as well as their ability to apply information in problem-solving situations.
  52. What are the functions of the practice acts in Florida?
    • Establishes criteria for education, licensure, and relicensure.
    • Defines the legal scope of practice.
    • Protects the public by making practice by uncredentialed and unlicensed persons illegal.
    • Creates a board empowered with legal authority to oversee the policies and procedures affecting the dental hygiene practice in that jurisdiction.
  53. What are the Responsibilities of a dental hygiene clinician?
    • Preventative
    • Therapeutic
    • Educational
  54. Describe the preventative responsibilities
    • Methods employed to prevent oral disease and promote health.
    • Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
  55. Describe the therapeutic responsibilities
    • Methods employed to arrest or control oral disease
    • -Scaling and root planing periodontally involved teeth.
  56. Describe the Educational responsibilities
    Methods employed in both preventative and therapeutic to elicit behaviors directed toward health.
  57. Describe primary prevention
    Measures carried out so that disease does not occur and is truly prevented
  58. What are some examples of primary prevention
    • Fluoride
    • Prophylaxis
    • Sealants
  59. Describe secondary prevention
    Treatment of early disease to prevent further progression of potentially irreversible conditions, that if not arrested, can lead eventually to extensive rehabilitation treatment or even loss of teeth
  60. What is an example of secondary prevention?
    • Removal calculus and dental biofilm
    • -To prevent attachment loss and the formation of a deep pocket.
  61. Describe Tertiary prevention
    Methods to replace lost tissues and to rehabilitate the oral cavity to a level where function is as normal as possible after secondary prevention has not been successful
  62. What is an example of tertiary prevention?
    Replace missing teeth through a partial, implant, bridge
  63. What is the dental hygiene process of care?
    A systematic approach to care used by dental hygienists that involves six key steps
  64. What are the six steps of the dental hygiene process of care
    • Assessment
    • Diagnosis
    • Planning
    • Implementation
    • Evaluation
    • Documentation
  65. What factors need to be considered with the Dental Hygiene Process of Care
    • The person’s level of growth and maturity Psychomotor ability
    • Age
    • Gender
    • Role
    • Lifestyle
    • Culture
    • Attitudes
    • Health beliefs and behaviors
    • Level of knowledge
  66. What encompasses the assessment  component of the ADPIED model of care?
    The systematic collection of data to identify oral and general health status based on patient problems, needs and strengths
  67. What are the two types of data in the assessment component of the ADPIED model of care
    • Subjective data
    • Objective data
  68. What is subjective data?
    • Obtained by observation and interaction with the patient.
    • Ex. Chief complaint, perception of health, value placed on oral health, Brushing , Flossing
  69. What is Objective data?
    • physical and oral assessment
    • Ex. Includes clinical and radiographic findings, taking blood pressure
  70. The assessment includes performing what following clinical tasks?
    • 1.Medical and dental history
    • 2.Review current medications
    • 3.Extra Oral/Intra Oral examination
    • 4.Dental Charting
    • 5.Periodontal Charting
    • 6.Calculus Detection
    • 7.Dental Radiographs
  71. What is the purpose of the medical/dental history?
    • Identifies who may be at risk for oral disease or complications.
    • -Requires a hygienist to understand medical conditions and how ones health impacts dentistry.
  72. How does the CODA Define Special Needs?
    • Those patients whose medical, physical, psychological, or social situations make it necessary to modify normal dental routines in order to provide dental treatment for that individual.
    • -These individuals include, but are not limited to, people with developmental disabilities, complex medical problems, and significant physical limitations.
  73. Define the Diagnosis phase of the dental hygiene process of care
    Diagnosis uses critical analysis of all assessment findings to identify existing or potential patient needs and oral health problems.
  74. Define the Planning phase of the dental hygiene process of care
    • The establishment of realistic goals and outcomes based on patient needs, expectations, values and current scientific evidence to plan dental hygiene interventions to facilitate optimal oral health.
    • Example is a planned goal for a carious lesion
  75. Define the function of the Implementation phase
    Delivery of dental hygiene services based on the dental hygiene care plan will minimize risk and optimize oral health
  76. What are some examples of the implementation phase of the dental hygiene process of care
    • Brushing
    • Flossing
    • Fluoride
    • Restorative
    • Preventative
    • Scaling/Root Planing
    • Use of local anesthesia
  77. What is the Evaluation Phase of the dental hygiene process of care?
    • Review the outcomes of dental hygiene care plan
    • Compare data from first visit to subsequent visits
  78. Describe the documentation phase of the dental hygiene process of care
    Complete and accurate recording of all collected data, interventions planned and provided, recommendations, and other information relevant to patient care and treatment.
Card Set
Module A1 Intro to dentistry
Module A1 Intro to dentistry