9 Grammar Terms

  1. Clause
    A group of words that has a subject and a predicate.
  2. Independent clause
    Expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. 

    The professor distributed the examinations as soon as the students were seated.
  3. Dependent clause
    Begins with a subordinate conjunction and does not express a complete thought and therefore cannot stand alone as a sentence.

    ...as soon as the students were seated 
  4. Direct object
    Person or thing that is directly affected by the action of the verb. It answers the question what or whom after a transitive verb. 

    The students watched the professor distribute the examinations.
  5. Indirect object
    • The person or thing that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb. A sentence can have an indirect object only if it has a direct object. It answers the question to whom, for whom, to what, or for what after an action verb.
    • It comes between the verb and the direct object.

    The professor gave his class the test results. (Verb is gave, direct object is test results, answers the question to whom.)
  6. Phrase
    A group of two or more words that acts as a single part of speech in a sentence. Can be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Lacks subject and predicate.
  7. Predicate
    The part of the sentence that tells what the subject does or what is done to the subject. It includes the verb and all the words that modify the verb.
  8. Predicate adjective
    • Follows a linking verb and helps to explain the subject.
    • My professors are wonderful.
  9. Predicate nominative
    • A noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and helps to explain or rename the subject. 
    • Professors are teachers.

  10. Sentence
    • A group of words that expresses a complete thought. Every sentence has a subject and a predicate. 
    • 4 types:

    • Declarative: Makes a statement. I went to the store.
    • Interrogative: Asks a question. Did you go to the store?
    • Imperative: Makes a command or request. Go to the store. Subject can be implied. Go to the store (you).

    Exclamatory: Makes an exclamation. You went to the store!
  11. Subject
    A word, phrase, or clause that names whom or what the sentence is about.
Card Set
9 Grammar Terms
Clause, direct object, indirect object, phrase, predicate, predicate adjective, predicate nominative, sentence, and subject.