1. Aerobic bacteria
    bacteria that require oxygen to live and grow
  2. Anaerobic bacteria
    bacteria that can live without oxygen
  3. Antibody
    immunoglobin produced by the body in response to a specific antigen
  4. Antimicrobial
    antibacterial agent that kills bacteria or suppresses their growth
  5. Antigen
    foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response
  6. Asepsis
    absence of disease-producing microorganisms; using methods to prevent infection
  7. Bacteria
    the most significant and most commonly observed infection-causing agents
  8. Disinfection
    process used to destroy microorganisms; destroys all pathogenic organisms except spores
  9. Endogenous
  10. infection in which the causative organism comes from microbial life the person himself or herself harbors
  11. Exogenous
    infection in which the causative organism is acquired from outside the host
  12. Fungi
  13. plant-like organisms (molds and yeasts) that can cause infection
  14. Healthcare-associated infection
  15. an infection that was not present on admission to the hospital and develops during the course of treatment for other conditions (nosocomial)
  16. Host
    animal or person on or within which microorganisms live
  17. Iatrogenic infection
    infection that occurs as a result of a treatment or diagnostic procedure
  18. Infection
    disease state resulting from pathogens in or on the body
  19. Isolation
  20. protective procedure designed to prevent the transmission of specific microorganisms; also called protective aseptic techniques and barrier techniques
  21. Medical asepsis
    practices designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens; synonym for clean technique
  22. Nosocomial
  23. something originating or taking place in the hospital (ie, infection)
  24. Pathogen
    disease-producing microorganism
  25. Reservoir
    natural habitat for the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
  26. Standard Precautions
  27. CDC precautions used in the care of all patients regardless of their diagnosis or possible infection status; this category combines universal and body substance precautions
  28. Sterilization
  29. (1) the process by which all microorganisms, including spores, are destroyed; (2) surgical procedure performed to render a person infertile
  30. Surgical asepsis
    practices that render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms; synonym for sterile technique
  31. Transmission-Based Precautions
    CDC precautions used in patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes; used in addition to Standard Precautions
  32. Vector
  33. nonhuman carriers, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and lice, that transmit organisms from one host to another
  34. Virulence
    ability to produce disease
  35. Virus
  36. smallest of all microorganisms; can be seen only by using an electron microscope
Card Set
Asepsis and Inf Cont