Italian pronouns-articles

  1. Personal pronouns
    • The subject pronouns in Italian are:
    • Io - I
    • Tu - Singular You
    • Lui - He
    • Lei - She
    • Esso/Essa - It (archaic and literary)
    • Noi - We
    • Voi - Plural You / You all
    • Loro - They (speaking of people)
    • Essi/Esse - They (archaic and literary)
    • The verb is always conjugated to match the subject, and the subject is only specified for clarity or emphasis.
  2. Articles
    • Articles have to match gender and number of the noun they refer to.
    • The singular determinate articles (the) are:
    • Lo - masculine, used before Z, S+consonant, GN, and some rarer consonant clusters.
    • Il - masculine, used before consonants except the above.
    • La - feminine, used before all consonants.
    • L' - an elision of the above used before vowels.
    • The indeterminate articles (a/an) are:
  3. Uno - masculine, used before Z, S+consonant, GN, and some rarer consonant clusters.
    • Un - masculine, used in all other cases.
    • Una - feminine, used before all consonants.
    • Un' - feminine, used before vowels.
  4. Plural articles
    The plural definite articles (the) are:
  5. Gli - for masculine nouns before vowels, Z, S+consonant, GN and some rarer consonant clusters.
    • I - for masculine nouns in all other cases.
    • Le - for feminine nouns.
    • Articulated prepositions
  6. When some prepositions are followed by a definite article they merge into a single word.
  7. Article: il, lo, la, l', i, gli, le
    • Di + article: del, dello, della, dell', dei, degli, delle
    • A + article: al, allo, alla, all', ai, agli, alle
    • Da + article: dal, dallo, dalla, dall', dai, dagli, dalle
    • In + article: nel, nello, nella, nell', nei, negli, nelle
    • Su + article: sul, sullo, sulla, sull', sui, sugli, sulle
    • The compounds formed by con and per are archaic and literary, with the exception of col (con + il) for which the contraction is optional.
Author
Rosetaman
ID
321865
Card Set
Italian pronouns-articles
Description
Pronouns & articles
Updated