pharm prefix suff

  1. -actone

    drug class
    Potassium sparing diuretics
  2. -actone

    example
    • aldactone
    • spironolactone
  3. -afil

    drug class/category
    Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) Inhibitors

    ●● Expected Pharmacological Action – Augments the effects of nitric oxide released during sexual stimulation, resulting in enhanced blood flow to the corpus cavernosum and penile erection.

    ●● Therapeutic Uses – erectile dysfunction
  4. -afil

    example
    • sildenafil (Viagra)
    • tadalafil (Cialis)
    • vardenafil (Levitra)
  5. -ane

    drug class
    general anesthetics
  6. -ane

    example
    • cyclohexane
    • ethane
    • fluorane 
  7. -ase

    drug class
    thrombolytics (clot-busters)
  8. -ase

    example
    • eminase
    • retavase
    • streptokinase
  9. -asone

    drug class/category
    GLUCOCORTICOIDS

    • ◯ These medications prevent inflammation, suppress airway mucus production, and promote responsiveness of beta2 receptors in the bronchial tree.
    • ◯◯ The use of glucocorticoids does not provide immediate effects, but rather promotes decreased frequency and severity of exacerbations and acute attacks.

    • ◯◯ Short-term IV agents are used for status asthmaticus.
    • ◯◯ Inhaled agents are used for long-term prophylaxis of asthma.
    • ◯◯ Short-term oral therapy is used to treat manifestations following an acute asthma episode.
    • ◯◯ Long-term oral therapy is used to treat chronic asthma.
    • ◯◯ Promote lung maturity and decrease respiratory distress in fetuses at risk for preterm birth.
  10. -asone
    Glucocorticoids:
  11. -asone

    example
    • Betamethasone
    • dexamethasone
    • diflorasone
    • fluticasone
    • mometasone
  12. -azine

    drug class
    anitspychotic; antimetic
  13. -azine

    example
    • chlorpromazine  (antispychotic)
    • perphenazine     (antispychotic )
    • prochlorperazine    (antimetic)
  14. -rubicin

    drug class/category
    antineoplastic; cytotoxic agent

    • ›› Binds to DNA, altering its structure
    • ›› Cell cycle phase nonspecific
    • ›› Includes solid tumors, such as lung, bone, stomach, and breast cancers, Hodgkin’sand non-Hodgkin’slymphomas
  15. -rubicin

    example
    • doxorubicin
    • epirubicin
    • idarubicin
    • valrubicin
  16. -bital

    drug class/category
    barbiturate (sedative)
  17. -bital

    example
    • butabarbital
    • butalbital
    • phenobarbital
    • secobarbital
  18. -caine

    drug class/categories
    local anesthetic
  19. -caine

    example
    • bupivacaine
    • lidocaine
    • mepivacaine
    • prilocaine
    • proparacaine
  20. -calci-

    drug class
    calcium & vitamin D suppliment
  21. -calci-

    example
    • calciferol
    • calcitroil
    • ergocalciferol
  22. cef-, ceph-

    Drug class/ Categories
    cephalosporin antibiotic
  23. cef-, ceph-

    example
    • cefaclor
    • cefdinir
    • cefixime
    • cefprozil
    • cefadroxil
    • ceftibuten
    • cephalexin
    • cephaprin
    • cephradine
  24. -cillin

    drug class / drug category
    penicillin antibiotic
  25. -cillin

    example
    • amoxicillin
    • ampicillin
    • dicloxacillin
    • nafcillin
    • oxacillin
  26. cort

    drug class / drug category
    corticosteroid
  27. cort

    example
    • clocortolone
    • fludrocortisone
    • hydrocortisone
  28. -cycline

    drug class / drug category
    tetracycline antibiotic

    ◯◯ Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum antibiotics that inhibit micro-organism growth by preventing protein synthesis (bacteriostatic).

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Administered topically and orally to treat acne vulgaris and topically for periodontal disease
    • ◯◯ Used as first-line medication for
    • ■■ Rickettsial infections, such as typhus fever or Rocky Mountain spotted fever
    • ■■ Infections of the urethra or cervix caused by Chlamydia trachomatis
    • ■■ Brucellosis
    • ■■ Pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumonia
    • ■■ Lyme disease
    • ■■ Anthrax
    • ■■ GI infections caused by Helicobacter pylori
  29. -cycline

    example
    • demeclocycline
    • doxycycline
    • minocycline
    • tetracycline
  30. -dazole

    drug class / drug category
    anthelmintic; antibiotic; antibacterial


    Metronidazole is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial with bactericidal activity against anaerobic micro-organisms.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Treatment of protozoal infections (intestinal amebiasis, giardiasis, trichomoniasis) and obligateanaerobic bacteria (Bacteroides fragilis, antibiotic-induced Clostridium difficile, Gardnerella vaginalis)
    • ◯◯ Prophylaxis for clients who will have surgical procedures and are high-risk for anaerobic infection(vaginal, abdominal, colorectal surgery)
    • ◯◯ Treatment of H. pylori in combination with tetracycline and bismuth salicylate in clients who have peptic ulcer disease
  31. -dazole

    example
    • albendazole
    • mebendazole
    • metronidazole
    • tinidazole
  32. -dipine

    drug class / drug category
    calcium channel blocker

    Blocking of calcium channels in blood vessels leads to vasodilation of peripheral arterioles and arteries/arterioles of the heart.
  33. -dipine

    example
    • amlodipine
    • felodipine
    • nifedipine
    • nimodipine
    • nisoldipine
  34. -dronate

    drug class / drug category
    bisphosphonate; bone resorption inhibitor

    Bisphosphonates decrease the number and action of osteoclasts, which thereby inhibits bone resorption.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Prophylaxis and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis
    • ◯◯ In male clients who have osteoporosis
    • ◯◯ Prophylaxis and treatment of osteoporosis produced by long-term glucocorticoid use
    • ◯◯ For clients who have Paget’s disease of the bone and hypercalcemia of malignancy
  35. -dronate

    example
    • alendronate
    • etidronate
    • ibandronate
    • risedronate
  36. -prazole

    drug class / drug category
    proton pump inhibitor (PPI)

    • Proton pump inhibitors reduce gastric acid secretion by irreversibly inhibiting the enzyme that produces gastric acid.
    • ◯◯ Proton pump inhibitors reduce basal and stimulated acid production.

    • ●● Therapeutic Use
    • ◯◯ Proton pump inhibitors are prescribed for gastric and duodenal ulcers, erosive esophagitis, GERD,and hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
  37. -prazole

    example
    • esomeprazole
    • omeprazole
    • rabeprazole
  38. -ergot-

    drug class
    Ergotamines (anti-migraine)
  39. -ergot-

    example
    • ergotamine
    • dihydroergotamine
  40. -fenac

    drug class / drug category
    NSAID
  41. -fenac

    example
    • bromfenac
    • diclofenac
    • nepafenac
  42. -floxacin

    drug class / drug category
    quinolone antibiotic

    Fluoroquinolones are bactericidal as a result of inhibition of the enzyme necessary for DNA replication.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Broad-spectrum antimicrobials used for a wide variety of micro-organisms such as aerobicgram‑negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria, klebsiella, and E. coli
    • ◯◯ Alternative to parenteral antibiotics for clients who have severe infections◯◯ Urinary, respiratory, and GI tract infections; infections of bones, joints, skin, and soft tissues
    • ◯◯ Medication of choice for prevention of anthrax in clients who have inhaled anthrax spore
  43. -floxacin

    example
    • besifloxacin
    • ciprofloxacin
    • levofloxacin
    • moxifloxacin
    • ofloxacin
  44. -gliptin

    drug class / drug category
    antidiabetic; inhibitor of the DPP-4 enzyme


    • Sitagliptin (Januvia)
    • ›› Augments naturally occurring incretinhormones, which promote release of insulinand decrease secretion of glucagon
    • ›› Lowers fasting and postprandial blood glucose levels
  45. -gliptin

    example
    • saxagliptin
    • sitagliptin
    • linagliptin
  46. -glitazone

    drug class / drug category
    antidiabetic; thiazolidine- dione

    • Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones)
    • »»Select Prototype Medication: pioglitazone (Actos)
    • ›› Increases cellular response to insulin by decreasing insulin resistance
    • ›› Increased glucose uptake and decreasedglucose production
  47. -glitazone

    example
    • pioglitazone
    • rosiglitazone
    • troglitazone
  48. -niramine

    drug class
    Antihistamine
  49. -niramine

    example
    • brompheniramine
    • chlorpheniramine
    • pheniramine
  50. -zolamide

    drug class
    carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

    Reduces production of aqueous humor by causing diuresis through renal effects.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ These medications are used to quickly lower IOP in clients for whom other medications have been ineffective.
    • ◯◯ Acetazolamide, a non-antimicrobial sulfonamide, can be used as an emergency medication prior to surgery for acute angle-closure glaucoma and as a second-line medication for treatment of POAG.
    • ◯◯ Acetazolamide may also be used to treat acute mountain sickness, seizures, and heart failure(as a diuretic).
  51. -zolamide

    example
    • acetazolamide
    • brinzolamide
    • dorzolamide
    • methazolamide
  52. -mab

    drug class
    • monoclonal antibody
    • Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs)

    • ◯◯ DMARDs slow joint degeneration and progression of rheumatoid arthritis.
    • ◯◯ Glucocorticoids provide symptomatic relief of inflammation and pain.
    • ◯◯ NSAIDs provide rapid, symptomatic relief of inflammation and pain.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses◯◯ Analgesia for pain, swelling, and joint stiffness
    • ◯◯ Maintenance of joint function
    • ◯◯ Slow/delay the worsening of the disease (DMARDs, glucocorticoids)
    • ◯◯ Short-term therapy until long-acting DMARDs take effect (NSAIDs, glucocorticoids)
    • ◯◯ Prevention of organ rejection in transplant clients such as kidney, liver, and heart transplants(glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants).

    ◯◯ Management of inflammatory bowel disease (glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants, DMARDs)
  53. -mab

    example
    • adalimumab
    • daclizumab
    • infliximab
    • omalizumab
    • trastuzumab
  54. -mustine;  -stine

    drug class
    alkylating agent (antineoplastic)

    • Select Prototype Medication:carmustine (BiCNU, Gliadel) – IV, topical
    • ››Other Medications:
    • »»Lomustine (CCNU) – Oral
    • Kills rapid growing cellsby interrupting DNA and RNA synthesis
    • ›› Cell cycle phase nonspecific
    • ›› Crosses the blood-brain barrier

    • Select Prototype Medication: vincristine(Oncovin, Vincasar PFS)'
    • ››Other Medications:
    • »»Vinblastine (Velban)

    • ›› Useful in combinationwith other chemotherapy medications
    • ›› Stops cell division during mitosis
    • ›› Not bone marrow toxic
    • ››M-phase specific
    • ›› Includes acute lymphocytic leukemia, Wilms tumor,rhabdomyosarcoma,solid tumors, such as bladder and breastcancers, Hodgkin’s and non‑Hodgkin’s lymphomas.
  55. -mustine; stine

    example
    • carmustine
    • estramustine
    • lomustine
    • bendamustine
    • vinblastine 
    • vincristine 
  56. -mycin

    drug class
    antibiotic; antibacterial
  57. -mycin

    example
    • azithromycin
    • clarithromycin
    • clindamycin
    • erythromycin
  58. -fenacin

    drug class
    muscarinic antagonist (anticholinergic)

    Muscarinic antagonists inhibit muscarinic receptors of the detrusor muscle of the bladder, which prevents contractions of the bladder and the urge to void.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Overactive bladder
  59. -fenacin

    example
    • darifenacin
    • solifenacin
  60. -nazole

    drug class
    Antifungal
  61. -nazole

    example
    • fluconazole
    • ketoconazole
    • miconazole
    • terconazole
    • tioconazole
    • butoconazole
    • econazole
  62. -olol
    -lol

     Drug class
    beta blocker

    • In cardiac conditions, the primary effects of beta-adrenergic blockers are a result of beta1-adrenergic blockade in the myocardium and in the electrical conduction system of the heart.
    • ■■ Decreased heart rate (negative chronotropic [rate] action)
    • ■■ Decreased myocardial contractility (negative inotropic [force] action)
    • ■■ Decreased rate of conduction through the AV node (negative dromotropic action)
    • ■■ Alpha blockade adds vasodilation in medications such as carvedilol and labetalol.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Primary hypertension (exact mechanism unknown: may be related to long-term use causing reduction in peripheral vascular resistance).
    • ◯◯ Angina, tachydysrhythmias, heart failure, and myocardial infarction.
    • ◯◯ Other uses may include treatment of hyperthyroidism, migraine headache, stage fright,pheochromocytoma, and glaucoma.
  63. -olol
    -lol

    example
    • atenolol
    • propanolol
    • sotalol
  64. -olone

    drug class
    anabolic steroid
  65. -olone

    example
    • nandrolone
    • oxandrolone
    • oxymetholone
  66. -olone

    drug class
    Corticosteroid

    ◯◯ Glucocorticoids provide symptomatic relief of inflammation and pain.
  67. -olone

    example
    • fluocinolone
    • fluorometholone
    • prednisolone
    • triamcinolone
  68. -onide

    drug class
    Corticosteroid
  69. -onide

    example
    • budesonide
    • ciclesonide
    • desonide
    • fluocinonide
    • halcinonide
  70. parin; -parin

    drug class
    antithrombotic; anticoagulant (blood thinner)
  71. parin; -parin

    example
    • dalteparin
    • enoxaparin
    • fondaparinux
    • heparin
    • tinzaparin
  72. -phylline

    drug class
    • xanthine derivative (bronchodilator)
    • METHYLXANTHINES

    • Theophylline causes relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle, resulting in bronchodilation.
    • ◯◯ Theophylline, once the first-line medication for asthma, now is used infrequently because newer medications are safer and more effective.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Oral theophylline is used for long-term control of chronic asthma or COPD.
    • ◯◯ Route of administration: oral or IV (emergency use only)
  73. -phylline

    example
    • aminophylline
    • dyphylline
    • oxtriphylline
    • theophylline
  74. -pramine

    drug class
    tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

    These medications block reuptake of the monoamine neurotransmitters norepinephrine andserotonin in the synaptic space, thereby intensifying the effects that these neurotransmitters produce.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses in Children
    • ◯◯ Depression
    • ◯◯ Autism spectrum disorder
    • ◯◯ ADHD
    • ◯◯ Panic, school phobia, separation anxiety disorder
    • ◯◯ OCD
  75. -pramine

    example
    • clomipramine
    • desipramine
    • imipramine
    • trimipramine
  76. pred; pred-

    drug class
    Corticosteroid
  77. pred; pred-

    example
    • loteprednol
    • prednicarbate
    • prednisolone
    • prednisone
  78. -pril

    drug classs
    ACE inhibitor

    • ACE inhibitors produce their effects by blocking the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II,leading to:
    • ■■ Vasodilation (mostly arteriole).
    • ■■ Excretion of sodium and water, and retention of potassium by actions in the kidneys.
    • ■■ Reduction in pathological changes in the blood vessels and heart that result from the presence of angiotensin II and aldosterone.

    • Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Hypertension
    • ◯◯ Heart failure
    • ◯◯ Myocardial infarction (to decrease mortality and to decrease risk of heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction)
    • ◯◯ Diabetic and nondiabetic nephropathy
    • ◯◯ For clients at high risk for a cardiovascular event, ramipril can be used to prevent MI, stroke, or death.
  79. -pril

    example
    • benazepril
    • captopril
    • enalapril
    • lisinopril
    • moexipril
    • ramipril
  80. -profen

    drug class
    NSAID
  81. -profen

    example
    • fenoprofen
    • flurbiprofen
    • ibuprofen
    • ketoprofen
  82. -ridone

    drug class
    atypical antipsychotic

    Expected Pharmacological Action – These antipsychotic agents work mainly by blocking serotonin,and to a lesser degree, dopamine receptors. These medications also block receptors for norepinephrine, histamine, and acetylcholine.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses◯◯ Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (negative and positive symptoms)
    • ◯◯ Psychotic episodes induced by levodopa therapy
    • ◯◯ Relief of psychotic manifestations in other disorders such as bipolar disorders
  83. -ridone

    example
    • iloperidone
    • paliperidone
    • risperidone
  84. rif-

    drug class
    Antituberculars
  85. rif-

    example
    • rifamate
    • rifampin
    • rifapentine
    • rifater
  86. -sartan

    drug class
    angiotensin II receptor antagonist; ARB

    • These medications block the action of angiotensin II in the body. This results in:
    • ■■ Vasodilation (mostly arteriole).
    • ■■ Excretion of sodium and water, and retention of potassium (through effects on the kidney).

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Hypertension
    • ◯◯ Heart failure and prevention of mortality following MI
    • ◯◯ Stroke prevention
    • ◯◯ Delay progression of diabetic nephropathy
  87. -sartan

    example
    • candesartan
    • irbesartan
    • losartan
    • olmesartan
    • valsartan
  88. -semide

    drug class
    loop diuretic (water pill)
  89. -semide

    example
    • furosemide
    • torsemide
  90. -setron

    drug class
    serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist

    Selective blockade of 5-HT3 receptors, which innervate the viscera and result in increased firmness in stool and decrease in urgency and frequency of defecation

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Approved only for female clients who have severe IBS-D that has lasted more than 6 months andhas been resistant to conventional management
  91. -setron

    example
    • alosetron
    • dolasetron
    • granisetron
    • ondansetron
    • palonosetron
  92. -setron

    drug class
    antiemetic and antinauseant
  93. -setron

    example
    • dolasetron
    • granisetron
    • ondansetron
    • palonosetron
  94. -statin
    HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; statins
  95. -statin

    example
    • atorvastatin
    • lovastatin
    • pitavastatin
    • pravastatin
    • rosuvastatin
    • simvastatin
  96. -stigmine

    drug class
    cholinergic

    Cholinesterase inhibitors prevent the enzyme cholinesterase (ChE) from inactivating acetylcholine (ACh), thereby increasing the amount of ACh available at receptor sites.Transmission of nerve impulses is increased at all sites responding to ACh as a transmitter.

    • Therapeutic Uses: 
    • Treatment of myasthenia gravis
  97. stigmine

    example
    • neostigmine 
    • physostigmine
    • pyridostigmine
  98. sulfa-

    drug class
    antibiotic; anti-infective; anti-inflammatory
  99. sulfa-

    example
    • sulfacetamide
    • sulfadiazine
    • sulfamethoxazole
    • sulfasalazine
    • sulfasoxazole
  100. -tadine

    drug class
    Antihistamine
  101. -tadine

    example
    • cyproheptadine
    • desloratadine
    • loratadine
    • olopatadine
  102. -mantadine

    drug class
    antiviral; anti-influenza-A
  103. -mantadine

    example
    • amantadine
    • rimantadine
  104. -terol

    drug class
    beta agonist; bronchodilator
  105. -terol

    example
    • albuterol
    • arformoterol
    • formoterol
    • levalbuterol
    • salmeterol
  106. -tidine

    drug class
    H2 receptor antagonist (anti-ulcer)

    Histamine2-receptor antagonists suppress the secretion of gastric acid by selectively blocking H2 receptors in parietal cells lining the stomach.

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Histamine2-receptor antagonists are prescribed for gastric and peptic ulcers, GERD, and hypersecretory conditions, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
    • ◯◯ Histamine2-receptor antagonists are used in conjunction with antibiotics to treat ulcers causedby H. pylori.
  107. -tidine

    example
    • cimetidine
    • famotidine
    • nizatidine
    • ranitidine
  108. -thiazide

    drug class
    thiazide diuretic (water pill)

    • Thiazide diuretics work in the early distal convoluted tubule.
    • ■■ Blocks the reabsorption of sodium and chloride, and prevents the reabsorption of water atthis site
    • ■■ Promotes diuresis when renal function is not impaired

    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Thiazide diuretics are often the medication of first choice for essential hypertension.
    • ◯◯ These medications may be used for edema of mild-to-moderate heart failure and liver and kidney disease.
    • ◯◯ Thiazide diuretics often are used in combination with antihypertensive agents for blood pressure control.
  109. -thiazide

    example
    • chlorothiazide
    • hydrochloro- thiazide
    • methyclothiazide
  110. -tinib

    drug class
    antineoplastic (kinase inhibitor)

    • Select Prototype Medication:
    • imatinib (Gleevec)
    • ›› Route of administration – oral
    • ›› Stops cancer growth by inhibiting intracellular enzymes
    • ›› Treat chronic myeloid leukemia
  111. -tinib

    example
    • crizotinib
    • dasatinib
    • erlotinib
    • gefitinib
    • imatinib
  112. -gestrel

    drug class
    female hormone (progestin)
  113. -gestrel

    example
    • desogestrel
    • etonogestrel
    • levonorgestrel
    • norgestrel
  114. tretin-; tretin; -tretin

    drug class
    retinoid; dermatologic agent; form of vitamin A
  115. tretin-; tretin; -tretin

    example
    • acitretin
    • alitretinoin
    • isotretinoin
    • tretinoin
  116. -triptan

    drug class
    antimigraine; selective 5-HT receptor agonist
  117. -triptan

    example
    • almotriptan
    • eletriptan
    • rizatriptan
    • sumatriptan
    • zolmitriptan
  118. -tyline

    drug class
    tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

    • These medications block reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin in the synaptic space, thereby intensifying the effects of these neurotransmitters.
    • ●● Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Depression
    • ◯◯ Depressive episodes of bipolar disorders
    • ◯◯ Other Uses
    • ■■ Neuropathic pain
    • ■■ Fibromyalgia
    • ■■ Anxiety disorders
    • ■■ Insomnia
  119. -triptriptyline

    example
    • amitriptyline
    • nortriptyline
    • protriptyline
  120. -navir

    drug class
    anti-HIV/aids
  121. -navir

    example
    • amprenavir
    • ritonavir
    • indinavir
    • nelfinavir
  122. -quine

    drug class
    Antiparastic
  123. -quine

    example
    • chloroquine 
    • hydroxychloroquine 
    • mefloquine 
  124. vir; -vir

    drug class
    antiviral; anti-hepatitis

    • ◯◯ Interferon alfa-2b and lamivudine are used to treat hepatitis B and C.
    • ◯◯ Ribavirin is used to treat respiratory syncytial virus and influenza.
  125. vir; -vir

    example
    • adefovir
    • entecavir
    • ribavirin (along with interferon)
  126. -clovir

    drug class
    antiviral; anti-herpes

    Acyclovir is used to treat herpes simplex and varicella-zoster viruses
  127. -clovir

    example
    • acyclovir
    • famciclovir
    • penciclovir
    • valacyclovir
  128. -vir

    drug class
    antiviral; anti-CMV

    • Ganciclovir is used for treatment and prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV).
    • Prevention therapy using ganciclovir is given for clients who have HIV/AIDS, organ transplants, and other immunocompromised states.
  129. -vir

    example
    • cidofovir
    • ganciclovir
    • valganciclovir
  130. -vir

    drug class
    antiviral; anti-flu

    ◯◯ Oseltamivir is used to treat influenza A and B.
  131. -vir

    example
    • oseltamivir
    • zanamivir
  132. -vudine

    drug class
    antiviral; nucleoside analogues
  133. -vudine

    example
    • lamivudine
    • stavudine
    • telbivudine
    • zidovudine
  134. -zepam

    drug class
    Benzodiazepine

    • Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and panic disorde
    • r◯◯ Other uses for benzodiazepines
    • ■■ Seizure disorders
    • ■■ Insomnia
    • ■■ Muscle spasm
    • ■■ Alcohol withdrawal (for prevention and treatment of acute manifestations)
    • ■■ Induction of anesthesia
    • ■■ Amnesic prior to surgery or procedures

    Diazepam enhances the inhibitory effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid in the CNS. Relief from anxiety occurs rapidly following administration.
  135. -zepam

    example
    • clonazepam
    • diazepam
    • flurazepam
    • lorazepam
    • temazepam
  136. -zodone

    drug class
    Antidepressant
  137. -zodone

    example
    • nefazodone
    • trazodone
    • vilazodone
  138. -zolam

    drug class
    Benzodiazepine

    • Therapeutic Uses
    • ◯◯ Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and panic disorder
    • ◯◯ Other uses for benzodiazepines
    • ■■ Seizure disorders
    • ■■ Insomnia
    • ■■ Muscle spasm
    • ■■ Alcohol withdrawal (for prevention and treatment of acute manifestations)
    • ■■ Induction of anesthesia
    • ■■ Amnesic prior to surgery or procedures
  139. -zolam

    example
    • alprazolam
    • estazolam
    • midazolam
    • triazolam
  140. -metazoline

    drug class
    nasal decongestants
  141. -metazoline

    example
    • oxymetazoline
    • xylometazoline
  142. -zosin

    drug class
    Alpha Adrenergic Blockers (Sympatholytics)

    • ● Therapeutic uses:
    • Primary hypertension.
    • ◯◯ Doxazosin and terazosin also can be used to decrease manifestations of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which include urgency, frequency, and dysuria.

    • ■■ Venous and arterial dilation.
    • ■■ Smooth muscle relaxation of the prostatic capsule and bladder neck.
  143. -zosin

    example
    • aFDAlfuzosin
    • doxazosin
    • prazosin
    • terazosin
Author
dxc358
ID
321853
Card Set
pharm prefix suff
Description
pharm
Updated