CH1&4 Assessing Young Children

  1. stakeholder
    people important in the lives of children, especially regarding the assessment of children
  2. assessment
    process for gathering information to make decisions
  3. techniques
    methods whether formal or informal for gathering assessment information
  4. accountability
    being responsible for the proper education of all children
  5. high-stakes decision
    is any test applied to make life-affecting decisions for the educational futures of young children
  6. authentic assessment
    determining developmental progress of children through a variety of means, including observations and special problems or situations
  7. raw score
    the number of items that a child answered correctly on a test
  8. mean
    the arithmetic average of a group of scores
  9. range
    the spread of the scores or the difference between the top score and the bottom score on a test
  10. standard deviation
    the distance scores depart from the mean
  11. normal curve
    bell-shaped curve representing the usual distribution of human attributes
  12. standarized test (norm referenced test)
    test that interprets a child's performance in comparison to the performance of other children with similar characterisitcs
  13. population
    group of individuals on which a standarized test is normed
  14. normative sample
    subset of a population that is tested for a standarized test
  15. norms
    scores obtained from the testing of a normative sample for a standarized test
  16. criterion-referenced test
    a standarized test that compares a child's performance to his or her own progress in a certain skill or behavior
  17. derived score
    score obtained by comparing the raw score with the performance of children of known characteristics on a standarized test
  18. age-equivalent score
    derived score giving a child's performance as taht which is normal for a certain age
  19. grade-equivalent score
    derived score giving a child's performance as tha which is normal for a certain grade
  20. interpolated score
    derived score estimated from norm scores because no one with that particular score was actually part of the normative sample
  21. extrapolated score
    derived score estimated from norm scores because the raw score is either less than or greater than anyone in th enormative sample
  22. percentile ranks
    derived scores indicating the percentage of individuals in the normative group whose test scores fall at or below a given raw score
  23. standard score
    is created statistically. this process converts raw scores to numbers that can be used to compare child progress on a particular dimension
  24. scaled score
    statistically determined scores that are used to derive total scores or that refer to results on subtests of an instrument
  25. deviation quotients
    standard scores with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of usually 15
  26. normal-curve equivalents
    standard scores for group tests; scale has 100 equal parts, mean is usually 50, and standard deviation is usually 21.06
  27. stanines
    standard scores with nine unequal bands; bands four, five, and six represent average performance
  28. reliability
    consistency, dependability, or stability test results
  29. test-retest reliability
    ability to get the same results from a test taken twice withing two weeks
  30. interscorer reliability
    ability of a test to produce the same results regardless of who administers it
  31. correlation coefficient
    degree of relationship between two variables
  32. standard error of measurement
    estimate of the amount of variation that can be expected in test scores as a result of reliability correlations
  33. validity
    the extent to which a test measures what it is supposed to measure
  34. face validity
    whether a test looks as if it is testing what it is supposed to be testing
  35. content validity
    extent of how well a test tests the subject matter it is supposed to test
  36. criterion-related validity
    relationship between the scores on a test and another criterion measure
  37. concurrent validity
    relationship between a test and another criterion when both are obtained at about the same time
  38. predictive validity
    how accurately a test score can be used to estimate performance on some variable or criterion in the future
  39. construct validity
    the extent to which a test measures a theoretical characteristiv or trait
  40. convergent validity
    is demonstrated when similar instruments measuring similar constructs yield comparable results
  41. treatment validity
    the usefulness of test results for planning intervention
  42. social validity
    describes the usefulness of assessment information for the teacher in the educational setting
Card Set
CH1&4 Assessing Young Children
Assessment Terms