Culture

  1. Total lifestyle of a people (ideas, values, knowledge, behaviors and material objects)
    Culture
  2. —A complex whole which includes knowledge , beliefs, art, law, morals, customs, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by a persons as a member of society.
    Culture
  3. Learned social heritage—.
    Culture
  4. Blueprint for how to lead life—.
    Culture
  5. Very complex phenomenon.
    Culture
  6. Categories of Elements Culture
    • Material Culture
    • Non-Material Culture
  7. Long established practices; unwritten laws of particular place or class.
    Customs
  8. Bundle of traditions inherited from the past—.
    Customs
  9. Sufficient weight and force in determining behavior.
    Customs
  10. Shared ideas about how the world operates.
    Beliefs
  11. Based on common sense, folk wisdom, religion, science etc.
    Beliefs
  12. Interpretations of past; explanations of present; predictions—
    Beliefs
  13. Ideas about good or bad; right or wrong—; abstract ideals
    Values
  14. Rules how people should behave—; concrete ideals—; shared standards
    Norms
  15. Ordinary usages and conventions
    Folkways
  16. Strong norms that have moral tones
    Mores
  17. Powerful social belief that some specific social act is utterly loathsome
    Taboo
  18. Rule formally enacted by political authority and is backed by state’s power—; codified norms or rules
    Law
  19. Rewards for conformity; punishments for nonconformity
    Sanctions
  20. Expression of approval given for following a norm
    Positive Sanctions
  21. Expression of disapproval for breaking a norm
    Negative Sanctions
  22. Something that can express or evoke meaning—; condensed representations of components of culture
    Symbol
  23. —Shared set of spoken and written  symbols and rules for combining these symbols in meaningful ways
    Language
  24. Storehouse of culture; key to cultural transmission
    Language
  25. Analyzes cultural elements in the context of the total environment in which a society exists
    Ecological Approach
  26. Regards society and culture as performing some kind of functions which are supposed to maintain order and stability in society
    Functionalist Approach
  27. Standards and practices found in every culture—; derived from common problems that natural and social environment pose for us
    Cultural Universals
  28. Tendency to judge other cultures by one’s own standard
    Ethnocentrism
  29. Recognition that one culture can not be arbitrarily judged by the standards of another
    Cultural Relativism
  30. Tendency for norms, values, beliefs, practices and other characteristics to complement one another; —culture must “fit together”
    Cultural Integration
  31. Norms and values that society adheres to in principle
    Ideal culture
  32. Norms and values that society adheres to in practice
    Real Culture
  33. Creations of a relatively profound and serious nature that primarily appeal to, and are supported by, a fairly small and elite group
    High Culture
  34. Creations of a relatively less serious and less intellectually demanding nature that primarily appeal to, and are supported by, a large audience of typical members of the society
    Popular Culture
  35. Group that shares in the overall culture but also has its own distinctive norms, values and lifestyle
    Subculture
  36. Group whose practices and values are “against the mainstream culture
    Counterculture
Author
FelipeJung
ID
321647
Card Set
Culture
Description
1st Semester
Updated