Medication Prefixes & Suffixes

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  1. Drugs that start with "rifa"
    Antibiotics that treat TB

    • Rifampin aka Rifampicin
    • Rifapentine

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  2. Drugs that start with "cef" or "ceph"
    Cephalosporins

    • Cephalexin (Keflex)
    • cefadroxil
    • cefaclor (Ceclor)
    • cefazolin
    • ceftriaxone (Rocephin)

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  3. Drugs that start with "sulf"
    • Sulphonamides aka Sulfa Drugs
    • (Antibacterials)

    • Sulfadiazine
    • Burns, UTIs, Toxoplasmosis

    sulfamethoxazole & trimethoprim (Bactrim)
  4. Name some Potassium-Sparing Diuretics
    • Spironolactone (Aldactone)
    • Eplerenone (Inspra)
    • Amiloride (Midamor)
    • Triamterene (Dyrenium)

    These drugs don't share any obvious chemical similarities, except for the steroid-structure of the aldosterone antagonists

    Therefore, none of these medications have similar prefixes or suffixes
  5. Drugs that end in "ase" like Streptokinase

    Urokinase
    Anistreplase
    Thrombolytic Drugs
  6. alteplase (Activase)
    reteplase (Retavase)
    tenecteplase (TNKase)

    What are these drugs?
    Thrombolytic drugs

    Specifically tissue plasminogen activator (TPA)
  7. Drugs that end in "azole"

    Fluconazole
    Econazole
    Butoconazole
    Antifungals
  8. Drugs that end in "osin"

    Terazosin
    Tamsulosin
    Silodosin
    Prazosin
    Alpha-1 Blockers

    • A smooth muscle relaxer
    • Treats BPH & hypertension

    Relaxes muscles the bladder & prostate Lowers BP by relaxing the blood vessels

    • Watch for hypotension, dizziness, fainting, lightheaded
    • Change positions slowly

    • Terazosin (Hytrin)
    • Tamsulosin (Flomax)
    • Silodosin (Rapaflo)
    • Prazosin (Minipress)
  9. Drugs ending in "barbital"
    Barbiturates

    • CNS depressants
    • Now used mainly for general anesthesia in surgery, seizures
    • Used in animal & human euthanasia
    • Benzos have replaced its other uses

    • Phenobarbital
    • Pentobarbital
  10. Medication that ends in "caine"
    Local anesthetics

    • Lidocaine
    • Cocaine
    • Bupivacaine (for nerve blocks & epidurals)
  11. Cinacalcet
    A Calcimimetic (the only one on the market)

    Brand name is Sensipar

    • Treats secondary hyperparathyroidism
    • Used in dialysis patients
    • Mimics calcium in the body
  12. Ceftriaxone

    Brand Name
    What does it treat?
    Rocephin (IM or IV only)

    • Menningitis
    • Gonorrhea
    • PID
    • Sepsis
    • bone and joint infections
    • Intra-abdominal infections
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Medication Prefixes & Suffixes
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Medication Prefixes & Suffixes
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