1. astronomy
    the study of objects beyond the Earth's atmosphere
  2. meteorology
    the study of the air that surronds the earth
  3. geology
    the study of the material that makes up the earth & the processes that form & change it
  4. oceanography
    the study of the Earth's oceans that cover over 3/4 of the planet
  5. climatology
    the study of weather over a long period of time
  6. palentology
    the study of the remains of organisms that once lived on the Earth & ancient environments
  7. hydrology
    the study of water's flow on & below Earth's surface
  8. ecology
    the study of habitats of organisms, their interactions, and the environments they live in.
  9. geochemistry
    the study of Earth's composition & the processes that change it
  10. tectonics
    the study of the effects of internal processes on Earth's surface, including earthquakes & mountain building
  11. lithosphere
    • -outer layer
    • -includes crust & mantle
  12. 2 kinds of crust & what is their composition
    • +crust forms topography of earth
    • -continental= granite
    • -oceanic= basalt
  13. hydrosphere
    water in oceans, seas, rivers, glaciers, atmosphere, etc.
  14. how much salt water covers the earth?
  15. how much freshwater covers the earth?
  16. atmosphere
    the blanket of gases that surround the Earth
  17. functions of atmosphere
    • -required 4 cellular resp.
    • -protects us frm radiation
    • -maintains temo. 4 all living things
  18. content of atmosphere
    • 78% = nitrogen
    • 21% = oxygen
    • 1% = water vapor etc.
  19. biosphere
    includes all organisms on earth & the environments they live in
  20. technology
    the application of scientific discoveries in everyday living
Card Set
The Nature of Science