Drugs

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  1. Levaquin (Levofloxacin)
    used to treat bacterial pulmonary infection
  2. Protonix (Pantoprazole)
    • Useful for short term treatment of erosive gastritis because it encourages healing and reduces symptoms of the disorder
    • Treats Gastritis
  3. Levenox (Enoxapam)
    • Anticoagulant
    • Prevents bloods clots to leg 
    • Good for bed ridden pt
  4. Aerosolized epoprostenol (prostacyclin) is indicated
    • In post cardiac pts to relieve pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemia
    • Vasodilator
  5. Pulmozyme (Dornase Alpha)
    • Agent used to thin secretions
    • Especially for pts with cystic fibrosis
    • Recombinant DNase
  6. Digitalis (Digoxin)
    • Used to increase the contractility of the heart
    • Treats CHF or systemic Hypertension
  7. Aldactone
    • Increases urine output
    • Causes excretion of k+, Na,and H2O
  8. Prostacyclin
    • Vasodilation
    • Treats pulmonary hypertension 
    • Good for post coronary artery bypass pts
    • Also lowers system BP - watch closely
  9. Dobutamine HCL (Dobutrex)
    • Vasodilator
    • Increases CO and HR
    • Decreases BP
    • Not to be used with hypovolemia
    • Can help treat ventricular dysfunction
    • Can increase potential for arrhythmia
  10. Sedatives/ hypnotics
    (Benzodiazepines)
    • Given in small doses to relieve anxiety 
    • If given too much, patients may experienced depressed ventilatory drive and inability to follow commands
  11. Benzodiazepines
    • Versed (midazolam)
    • Valium (diazepam)
    • Ativan (lorazepam)
    • Xanax (alprazolam)
  12. Propofol (Deprivan)
    • Strong sedative
    • Lowers BP- DC if hypotension 
    • Short half life
    • May b given with paralytic to avoid undue anxiety and stress 
    • Good for daily interruptions in sedation
    • If pt becomes hypotensive DC propofol
  13. Morphine
    • Pain Killer
    • Lowers BP and RR
    • Also provides sedation
    • Vasodilates
    • Watch closes with COPD pts, may cause low
    • RR
    • May be inhaled to treat dyspnea 
    • Reverse with narcan
  14. Neuromuscular blocking agents
    • Vecuronium
    • Succinylcholine Chloride
    • Cisatracurium
  15. Vecuronium (Norcuron)
    • Paralytic
    • Reverse by neostigmine 
    • Not good when obese or bad malampatti score, further relaxes tissue, increases intubation difficulty
  16. Anectine (Succinylcholine Chloride)
    • Contraindicated in burn trauma pts and acute brain injury
    • May cause hyperkalemia
    • Most favorable for intubation because of short half life
    • Muscle twitching about the face and neck indicate the drug is working and the pt is ready for intubation
  17. Cisatracurium
    Paralytic
  18. Narcan (Naloxone HCL)
    • Reverses opioids 
    • Morphine and Dulaudid
  19. Romazicon (Flumazenil)
    • Benzodiazepine reversal
    • Can cause seizures if reversal is too rapid
  20. Prostigmine (Neostigmine bromide)
    • Reverses vecuronium and pavilion (Prancuronium Bromide)
    • Does no reverse anectine (Succynalcholine Chloride)
  21. Edrophonium (Tension)
    • Used to diagnose Myasthenia gravis 
    • May cause the pt to experience ventilatory collapse (code)
    • Reverse with atropine
  22. Vasodilators
    • open vessels 
    • Lowers BP
    • Common agents: Prostacyclin and Dobutamine HCL (Dobutrex)
  23. Vasopressors
    • Contricts vessels 
    • Raises BP
    • Common agents: Vasopressin, ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone), Neo-synephrine, Levophed, dopamine
  24. Vasopressin
    • Vasoconstrictor
    • May be used with epinephrine in codes 
    • Use when no heart contractions exist
  25. ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone)
    Used to raise BP during septic shock
  26. Neo-synepherine
    Increase BP May also cause pulmonary hypertension (increased PVR)
  27. Levophed
    • Vasoconstrictor
    • Increase BP
    • Use if dopamine does not work
  28. Dopamine
    • Most common BP increasing medication
    • Good to use in cases of shock
  29. Desmopressin (DDAVP)
    Often used with organ preservation because it helps to prevent hypotension
  30. Methylene blue
    Treats methemoglobinemia
  31. Coumadin (Warfarin)
    • Blood thinner 
    • Should be used only after suspected PE
  32. Heparin
    • blood thinner 
    • Treatment for pulmonary blood clots
    • Not good for fat clots
  33. Versed (midazolam)
    Most common meds used to treat anxiety
  34. Valium (diazepam)
    Treat anxiety and alcohol withdrawal symptoms
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Drugs
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