Chapter 16

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  1. A common ion is _________
    an ion that is the same as an ion that is preset at equilibrium
  2. A buffer is _________
    a substance that resists change in pH when a small amount of acid or base is added
  3. The buffer system that controls blood is _________
    carbonic acid and bicarbonate
  4. A buffer consists of _________
    a weak acid and its conjugate base or a weak base and its conjugate acid
  5. The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation is used to _________
    calculate the pH of a buffer solution
  6. The Henderson-Hasselbalch equation is _________
    pH equals pKa + log [Base]/[Acid]
  7. For a strong acid-strong base titration, pH_________
    increases dramatically near the equivalence point
  8. For a weak acid-strong base titration, pH _________
    initially rises steeply
  9. Solubility is _________
    grams of substance that dissolves to form a saturated solution
  10. Molar solubility is _________
    the number of moles of solute dissolving to form a liter of saturated solution
  11. When a common ion is added, solubility _________
  12. As pH decreases, solubility _________
  13. If Q is greater than Ksp, the reaction _________
    shifts to the left
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Chapter 16
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