FNP2 - Quiz 4 - Infectious Disease

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  1. How is fifth disease spread?
    • vertical transmission
    • respiratory tract secretions
    • percutaneous exposure to blood
  2. When does rash and symptoms occur for fifth disease?
    2-3 weeks after exposure
  3. Cause of fifth disease.
    parvovirus B19
  4. How is roseola transmitted?
    oral, nasal, & conjunctiva
  5. Roseola is most common at what age?
    6-18 months
  6. Incuation for roseola.
    9-10 days
  7. When is the period of communicability highest for roseola?
    during the fever phase before the rash
  8. How are mumps spread?
    • direct contact
    • aerosol transmission
    • fomites
    • urine from infected person
  9. Period of communicability for mumps.
    • 1 day before glandular swelling to 3 days after resolution of swelling
    • (can be asymptomatic and infectious)
  10. Measles are AKA ________.
    Rubeola
  11. Source of infection for measles.
    • respiratory secretions
    • blood
    • urine
  12. Measles are transmitted through ________.
    droplet contact
  13. Incubation period for measles.
    8-12 days
  14. When is the person with measles most contagious?
    1-2 days before onset of symptoms
  15. How can someone become infected with rubella?
    • through NP secretions
    • transplacentally
  16. Rubella can live in fomites for how long?
    up to 24 hours!
  17. Incubation for rubella.
    14-21 days
  18. When is a person with rubella most contagious?
    7 days before and 7 days after the rash
  19. How is varicella spread?
    • direct contact
    • droplets
    • airborne
  20. Incubation for varicella.
    10-21 days
  21. Communicability period for varicella.
    1-2 days before rash erupts until ALL lesions have crusted
  22. Incubation period for scarlet fever.
    • 1-7 days
    • average 3 days
  23. S/S of scarlet fever.
    • fever & chills
    • vomiting & abdominal pain
    • h/a;¬†toxicity¬†
    • pharyngitis - tonsils hyperemic, edema, inflamed pharynx
    • strawberry tongue
  24. Within __________ the typical scarlet fever rash occurs.
    24 hours
  25. Pain in mouth, salivation, refusing to eat, fever as high as 104-105, pharyngitis with grouped erythematous-based vesicles that ulcerate, white plaques on mucosa, gingiva, tongue, lips, chin, nasolabial folds; HALITOSIS.
    Gingivostomatitis
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FNP2 - Quiz 4 - Infectious Disease
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Infectious disease
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